Introdunction and Osteology


1、The anatomical planes are the followings except for .
    A、coronal plane
    B、superficial plane
    C、horizontal plane
    D、sagittal plane

the general description of osteology随堂测验

1、Which of the followings belongs to irregular bone

the vertebrae随堂测验

1、The characteristic feature of the first cervical vertebra is its .
    A、odontoid process
    B、absent body
    C、long spinous process
    D、absent transverse foramen

the ribs and sternum随堂测验

1、The sternal angle is flat to
    A、the first ribs
    B、the second ribs
    C、the eighth ribs
    D、the twelfth ribs

the skull随堂测验

1、Which bone does not belong to neurocranium
    A、Sphenoid bone
    B、Zygomatic bone
    C、Frontal bone
    D、Ethmoid bone

the skull as a whole随堂测验

1、Paired air spaces in certain bones of the skull are called paranasal sinuses. Which of following answer is not belong to paranasal sinuse?
    A、maxillary sinus
    B、ethmoidal sinus
    C、frontal sinus
    D、cavernous sinus

the bones of upper limbs随堂测验

1、Above the trochlea of the humerus anteriorly is the
    A、coronoid fossa
    B、radial fossa
    D、olecranon fossa

the bones of lower limbs随堂测验

1、The head of the talus has an oval convex articular surface for articulation with the
    A、cuboid bone
    B、medial cuneiform bone
    C、intermediate cuneiform bone
    D、navicular bone


the synarthroses随堂测验

1、An interosseous ligament is characteristic of _____.
    A、a suture
    B、a symphysis
    C、a synchondrosis
    D、a syndesmosis

the diarthroses随堂测验

1、Which of the following is not characteristic of all synovial joints?
    A、articular surface
    C、synovial cavity
    D、a joint capsule

the types of joint movements and synovial joints随堂测验

1、The atlantoaxial and the proximal radioulnar synovial joints are specifically classified as ____.

vertebral column随堂测验

1、The ligament that is not associated with the intervertebral joints is the ____.
    A、anterior longitudinal ligament
    B、pubofemoral ligament
    C、ligamentum flavum
    D、supraspinous ligament

the thoracic cage随堂测验

1、The structure that is not a composition of the thorax is the ____.
    B、thoracic vertebra

the joints of skull随堂测验

1、A ________ is formed when two bones previously connected in a suture fuse.

the joints of pectoral girdle随堂测验

1、The ____ is the only joint between the upper limb and the trunk
    A、acromioclavicular joint
    B、sternoclavicular joint
    C、coracoacromial arch
    D、glenohumeral joint

the shoulder joint随堂测验

1、The greatest range of mobility of any joint in the body is found in the ____.
    A、knee joint
    B、hip joint
    C、glenohumeral joint
    D、elbow joint

the elbow joint随堂测验

1、All of the following ligaments are involved with the elbow joint except ____.
    A、radial collateral ligament
    B、ulnar collateral ligament
    C、coracohumeral ligament
    D、annular ligament of radius

the joints of the hand随堂测验

1、All of the following movements are possible at the radiocarpal joint except ____.

the pelvis随堂测验

1、Which of the following structures is not part of the boundary between the greater pelvis and lesser pelvis?
    A、arcuate line
    B、pecten pubis
    C、pubic tubercle
    D、the inferior margin of pubic symphysis

the hip joint随堂测验

1、Which of the following ligaments is not associated with the hip joint?
    A、iliofemoral ligament
    B、pubofemoral ligament
    C、ligamentum flavum
    D、ligament of the femoral head

the knee joint随堂测验

1、The ligament that helps to maintain the alignment of the condyles between the femur and tibia and to limit the anterior movement of the tibia on the femur is the ____.
    A、anterior cruciate ligament
    B、posterior cruciate ligament
    C、tibial collateral ligament
    D、fibular collateral ligament

the joints of foot随堂测验

1、A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole inward is


the general description随堂测验

1、The bundle of collagen fibers at the end of a skeletal muscle that attaches the muscle to bone is called a(n) ____

the supplementary structures of muscles随堂测验

1、Which of the following does NOT belong to the auxiliary structures of muscles?
    A、sesamoid bone
    D、synovial bursa

the muscles of head随堂测验

1、Choose the muscle(s) that depress(es) the mandible ____
    A、medial pterygoid
    B、lateral pterygoid

the muscles of neck随堂测验

1、The scalenes have their origin on the ____
    A、transverse and costal processes of cervical vertebrae
    B、inferior border of the previous rib
    C、cartilages of the ribs
    D、thoracolumbar fascia and iliac crest

the muscles of back随堂测验

1、The middle layer of the thoracolumbar fascia separates the erector spinae from ____.
    A、latissimus dorsi
    C、psoas major
    D、quadratus lumborum

the muscles of thorax随堂测验

1、When ____ muscle contracts, the vertical dimensions of the thoracic cavity increase.
    A、external intercostal
    B、internal intercostal
    D、transversus thoracis

the diaphragm随堂测验

1、During exhalation, the diaphragm ____.
    A、contracts and flattens
    B、relaxes and flattens
    C、contracts and forms a dome
    D、relaxes and forms a dome

the muscles of abdomen随堂测验

1、Which of the following muscles does not compress the abdomen?
    B、internal intercostal
    C、external oblique
    D、rectus abdominis

the inguinal canal and inguinal triangle随堂测验

1、Which of the following structure is NOT a border of the Hesselbach’s triangle?
    A、superior epigastric artery
    B、inferior epigastric artery
    C、inguinal ligament
    D、lateral margin of rectus abdominis

the muscles of shoulder随堂测验

1、Which of the following is not a muscle of the rotator cuff?
    A、teres minor
    B、teres major

the muscles of arm随堂测验

1、Which of the following muscles does not have either an origin or insertion on the humerus?
    A、the teres minor
    B、the biceps brachii
    C、the supraspinatus
    D、the brachialis

the muscles of forearm随堂测验

1、Which of the following muscles has a tendon that connects to the palmar aponeurosis?
    A、Flexor carpi radialis
    B、Flexor carpi ulnaris
    C、palmaris longus
    D、Pronator teres

the muscles of hand随堂测验

1、The dorsal interossei muscles in the hand ____
    A、adduct fingers 2–5
    B、abduct fingers 2–5.
    C、flex the PIP and DIP joints.
    D、extend the MP joints.

the muscles of hip随堂测验

1、The following muscles insert on the greater trochanter, except the ____
    A、Gluteus maximus
    B、Gluteus medius
    C、Gluteus minimus

the muscles of thigh随堂测验

1、The powerful extensors of the knee are the ____
    D、tensor fasciae latae

the muscles of leg随堂测验

1、Muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg ____
    A、evert the foot
    B、flex the toes
    C、plantar flex the foot
    D、dorsiflex the foot and extend the toes

The alimentary and respiratory system

General description of splanchnology随堂测验

1、Which of the following begoings to the parenchymatous organ?

Oral cavity 1随堂测验

1、There are communications between the vestibule of the mouth and the proper oral cavity, which locate in( )
    A、Oral lips
    C、Aperture behind the third molar teeth
    D、Oral fissure

Oral cavity 2随堂测验

1、Where is the opening of parotid duct?
    A、On inside of cheeks opposite the upper second molar tooth
    B、On inside of cheeks opposite the lower second molar tooth
    C、On inside of cheeks opposite the upper first molar tooth
    D、On inside of cheeks opposite the lower first molar tooth

Pharynx and esophagus随堂测验

1、About three constrictions in the whole esophagus, how long is the distance between the second constriction to the incisor teeth?

Stomach and small intestine随堂测验

1、The outlet of the stomach is termed( )
    A、Pyloric orifice
    B、Cardiac orifice
    C、Pyloric canal
    D、Pyloric antrum


1、Which of the following is the unique feature of large intestine compared with small intestine?
    A、It possesses the largest mesentery
    B、It possesses three colic bands
    C、It has a smaller calibre
    D、Most parts are free in position

Colon&anal canal随堂测验

1、Which of the following continues with the cecum?
    A、Ascending colon
    B、Transverse colon
    C、Descending colon
    D、Sigmoid colon


1、According to the space occupied by the most part of liver in the normal condition, which one is correct?
    A、Left hypochondriac space
    B、Epigastric space
    C、Right hypochondriac space
    D、Umbilical space

External biliary tracts&pancreas随堂测验

1、The left and right hepatic duct joins together to form( )
    A、Cystic duct
    B、Common bile duct
    C、Common hepatic duct
    D、Hepatic ducts


1、The mucous membrane lining the upper portion of the nasal cavity is called( )
    A、Olfactory region
    B、Little area
    C、Kiesselbach area
    D、Ethmoidal sinuses


1、Which of the following cartilages forms the laryngeal prominence?
    A、Epiglottic cartilage
    B、Cricoid cartilage
    C、Thyroid cartilage
    D、Arytenoid cartilage


1、Foreign object from the trachea usually goes to the( )
    B、ventricle of larynx
    C、right principal bronchus
    D、left principal bronchus

The urinary and reproductive system & perineum


1、The structure that transports urine out of the kidney is( )
    A、Renal papillae
    B、internal urethral orifice
    C、renal pelvis
    D、ureteric orifice


1、Which of the following does not belong to the parts of the ureter?
    A、Abdominal part
    B、Pelvic part
    C、Intramural part
    D、Thorax part


1、There is a smooth area on the mucosa of internal surface of bladder called( )
    A、Trigone of bladder
    B、Apex of bladder
    C、Body of bladder
    D、Neck of bladder


1、The testes develop in( )
    B、Abdominal cavity
    C、Extraperitoneal space
    D、Rectus sheath

Accessory glands随堂测验

1、Which of the gland lies below the urinary bladder?
    A、Seminal vesicle
    B、Bulbourethral gland
    D、Greater vestibular gland

Male reproductive ducts随堂测验

1、The male genital ducts which convey the sperm are( )
    A、Epididymis and ductus deferens
    B、Ejaculatory duct and ductus deferens
    D、All of above


1、The ovaries are situatd( )
    A、On lateral wall of the lesser pelvis
    B、On posterior wall of the lesser pelvis
    C、In the abdominal cavity
    D、In front of the broad ligament

Female Reproductive ducts随堂测验

1、Fertilization usually occurs in( )
    A、Infundibulum of uterine tube
    B、Ampulla of uterine tube
    C、Isthmus of uterine tube
    D、Uterine part of uterine tube

Introduction to peritoneum随堂测验

1、Which one belongs to the intraperitoneal organs?
    D、Ascending colon


1、Which one belongs to the lesser omentum?
    A、Hepatogastric ligaments
    B、Gastrocolic ligament
    C、Gastrosplenic ligament
    D、Superior duodenum


1、The lowest point of peritoneal cavity in female is( )
    A、Ischiorectal fossa
    B、Rectovesical pouch
    C、Rectouterine pouch
    D、uterovesical pouch


Introduction to cardiovascular system随堂测验

1、The components of cardiovascular system are .
    A、the heart, the artery, the vein and the lymphatic organ
    B、the heart, the artery, the capillary and the vein
    C、the heart, the artery, the vein and the lymphatic vessel
    D、the artery, the capillary, the vein,and the lymphatic vessel

Shape and cavity of heart随堂测验

1、Which structure does the tricuspid complex not include
    A、Tricuspid annulus
    B、Papillary muscle
    C、Tendinous cord
    D、Pectinate muscle

Structure and interval of heart随堂测验

1、The structure which goes through the right fiber triangle of the heart is
    A、Atrioventricular bundle
    B、Left bundle branch
    C、Right bundle branch
    D、Internodal bundle

Conduction system of heart随堂测验

1、The correct description of sinoatrial node is
    A、Visceral nerve action determines its excitation
    B、Connected to atrioventricular node by atrioventricular bundle
    C、It's a normal pacemaker for the heart
    D、It is located under the endocardium on the right side of the atrial septum

Blood vessels and pericardium of heart随堂测验

1、The wrong way to say about coronary artery is
    A、It's the artery that nourishes the heart
    B、Atrioventricular nodal artery mostly originates from left coronary artery
    C、Sinoatrial node arteries originate from right coronary artery
    D、Posterior interventricular branch from right coronary artery

General summary of artery随堂测验

1、Which is right about the pulmonary artery?
    A、From left ventricle
    B、There is an artery ligament between the end and the lower edge of the aortic arch
    C、It's the nutrient vessels of the lung
    D、Transport arterial blood to the lungs

artery in the chest随堂测验

1、The branches of the aortic arch from right to left are
    A、Brachiocephalic trunk, right common carotid artery and right subclavian artery
    B、Right subclavian artery, right common carotid artery and brachiocephalic trunk
    C、Left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery and brachiocephalic trunk
    D、Brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery

common carotid artery随堂测验

1、Branches of the external carotid artery do not include
    A、Superior thyroid artery
    B、Vertebral artery
    C、Facial and lingual arteries
    D、Superficial temporal artery and maxillary artery

subclavian artery随堂测验

1、The correct description of the ulnar artery is
    A、It is the place where the pulse is touched clinically
    B、The common interosseous artery is its main branch
    C、The end of the trunk participates in the formation of deep palmar arch
    D、Send out superficial palmar branch at wrist

intraperitoneal artery随堂测验

1、The artery that is not a branch of the superior mesenteric artery is
    A、Jejunal artery
    B、Ileal artery
    C、Right colonic artery
    D、Left colonic artery

common iliac artery随堂测验

1、The right thing to say about the femoral artery is
    A、It's a continuation of the internal iliac artery
    B、Send out inferior epigastric artery
    C、Continuation of popliteal artery in adductor duct
    D、Medial to the femoral nerve under the inguinal ligament

Characteristics and composition of vein随堂测验

1、.Systemic veins do not include
    A、Superior vena cava
    B、Pulmonary vein
    C、Hepatic portal vein
    D、Brachiocephalic vein

superior vena cava system随堂测验

1、What's wrong with the idea of expensive vein
    A、From the ulnar side of the dorsal vein network of the hand
    B、Ascending along the medial side of biceps sulcus
    C、Anastomose with median cubital vein in cubital fossa
    D、Usually injected into subclavian vein

inferior vena cava system随堂测验

1、Branches of the hepatic portal vein not included
    A、Hepatic vein
    B、Inferior mesenteric vein
    C、Splenic vein
    D、Superior mesenteric vein

lymphatic system随堂测验

1、What's right about the thoracic duct
    A、Through esophageal hiatus
    B、Located in front of esophagus
    C、Injection into left vein angle
    D、Collect 5 lymphatic trunks

The sensory organs

Wall of eyeball随堂测验

1、The following structures that do not belong to the mesomembrane of the eyeball are:
    B、Fovea Centrale
    D、Ciliary body

Eyeball contents随堂测验

1、There is no refraction:
    A、Aqueous humor
    B、Vitreous body

Accessory organs of the eye随堂测验

1、The superior oblique muscle turns the pupil:
    A、Inferior lateral
    B、Superior lateral
    C、Superior medial
    D、Inferior medial

External ear随堂测验

1、The correct description of the external auditory canal is:
    A、It’s a curved bony tube
    B、Its bony part is made of temporal bone
    C、Abundant subcutaneous tissue and glands
    D、Directly connected to the middle ear

Middle ear随堂测验

1、What is wrong about the tympanic cavity is:
    A、The upper wall is tegmen tympani
    B、The inferior wall is the wall of jugular vein
    C、Anterior wall communicates with nasopharynx through pharyngotympanic tube
    D、The inner wall is connected with the inner ear

Inner ear随堂测验

1、The auditory receptors are:
    A、crista ampullaris
    B、spiral organ
    C、macula sacculi
    D、Spiral ganglion

The general description of nervous system and the spinal cord

Overview of the nervous system1随堂测验

1、The human nervous system can subdivided into
    A、autonomic nervous system (ANS) and central nervous system (CNS)
    B、autonomic nervous system (ANS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS)
    C、central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS)
    D、somatic nervous system and central nervous system (CNS)

Overview of the nervous system2随堂测验

1、Which of these cells makes myelin sheaths in CNS?
    C、Schwann cell

Overview of the nervous system3随堂测验

1、A nucleus is a group of neurons with the following criteria EXCEPT
    A、Located inside the CNS
    B、Located outside the CNS
    C、Similar neurotransmitters
    D、Similar connections

spinal cord1随堂测验

1、Which of the following statements is wrong?
    A、The spinal cord has 8 cervical segments.
    B、The spinal cord has 12 thoracic segments.
    C、The spinal cord has 5 lumbar segments.
    D、The spinal cord has 3~4 coccygeal segments.

spinal cord2随堂测验

1、Which of the following statements is correct?
    A、The spinal cord occupies the upper one-thirds of the adult spinal canal within the vertebral column.
    B、The spinal cord begins as a continuation of the medulla oblongata.
    C、The diameter of the spinal cord is same at different levels.
    D、The conus medullaris ends at the level of the intervertebral disc between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebra.

spinal cord3随堂测验

1、Which of the following statements is wrong?
    A、The fasciculus gracilis is large proportion of the heavily myelinated fibers of the posterior root enter the ipsilateral posterior funiculus of the spinal cord.
    B、The fibers arising from the sacral, lumbar, and lower eight thoracic segments make up the fasciculus gracilis in the posterior funiculus.
    C、The fibers of the fasciculus gracilis and fasciculus cuneatus are somatotopically organized in their courses.
    D、After reaching the pons, the fasciculus gracilis and the fasciculus cuneatus terminate upon the nuclei gracilis and nuclei cuneatus respectively.

spinal cord4随堂测验

1、The function of the lateral corticospinal tract is
    A、fine motor function
    B、gross and postural motor function
    C、muscle tone and posture
    D、postural reflexes

spinal cord5随堂测验

1、Which of the following statements is not correct?
    A、The stretch reflexes are also called superficial reflexes.
    B、The stretch reflex is based on a monosynapstic reflex arc.
    C、In the stretch reflex, only two order neurons are involved.
    D、One of the stretch reflexes is the knee jerk.

The brain stem

brain stem1随堂测验

1、Which of the cranial nerves is associated with the medulla oblongata?
    A、Vagus nerve
    B、Trochlear nerve
    C、Facial nerve
    D、Abducens nerve

brain stem2随堂测验

1、The structure belong to posterior surface of medulla oblongata is:
    A、colliculus of facial nerve
    B、superior colliculus
    C、locus ceruleus

brain stem3随堂测验

1、Which of the following cranial nerve nuclei is found in the midbrain?
    A、abducens nucleus
    B、hypoglossal nucleus
    C、oculomotor nucleus
    D、red nucleus

brain stem4随堂测验

1、Which nucleus doesn’t belong to the parasympathetic nuclei as follows?
    A、accessory nucleus of oculomotor nerve
    B、superior salivatory nucleus
    C、dorsal nucleus of vagus nerve
    D、nucleus ambiguous

brain stem5随堂测验

1、Which nucleus receives the visceral sensory fibers in the brainstem?
    A、cochlear nucleus
    B、vestibular nucleus
    C、solitary nucleus
    D、sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve

brain stem6随堂测验

1、Which of the following tracts is relayed in the gracile and cuneate nuclei?
    A、spinothalamic tract
    B、medial longitudinal fasciculus
    C、posterior spinocerebellar tract
    D、fasciculus gracilis and fasciculus cuneatus

brain stem7随堂测验

1、Following statements about the medial lemniscus, which one is incorrect?
    A、The fibers of it arise from contralateral gracile and cuneate nuclei.
    B、It conducts the proprioceptive and fine touch sensations from the contralateral trunk and limbs
    C、It conducts the proprioceptive and fine touch sensations from ipsilateral trunk and limbs
    D、It is terminated in the ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus

brain stem8随堂测验

1、The following cranial nuclei receive the projection of bilateral corticonuclear tract except:
    A、nucleus of hypoglossal nerve
    B、nucleus of abducent nerve
    C、nucleus of trochlear nerve
    D、motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve

brain stem9随堂测验

1、The major nuclei of reticular formation in brainstem don’t include:
    A、nucleus raphes magnus
    B、nucleus raphes dorsalis
    C、nucleus raphes pallidus
    D、superior olivary nucleus

The cerebellum and diencephalon and telencephalon


1、Which of the following combinations is not correct?
    A、corpus callosum - diencephalon
    B、corpora quadrigemina - midbrain
    C、cortex - cerebellum
    D、thalamus - diencephalon


1、Which is correct about dorsal thalamus?
    A、the minimum gray matter in diencephalons
    B、its function is related to motor regulation
    C、all sensory pathways terminate here
    D、receives deep and superficial sensation of the body


1、Which is wrong about lateral geniculate body?
    A、belongs to metathalamus
    B、receive lateral lemniscus
    C、laminate structurally
    D、relay station of vision pathway


1、Which structure does belong to hypothalamus?
    A、inferior colliculus
    B、tuber cinereum
    C、pineal body
    D、red nucleus


1、Which is correct about the cerebellum?
    A、flocculonodular lobe belongs to neocerebellum
    B、tonsil of cerebellum locates behind cerebellar hemisphere
    C、tonsil of cerebellum nears to pons
    D、connection with pons by the middle cerebellar peduncle


1、Cerebellar nuclei doesn’t include:
    A、globose nucleus
    B、emboliform nucleus
    C、fastigial nuleus
    D、red nucleus


1、Lesion of left cerebellar hemisphere will result in .
    A、consciousness proprioceptive sense loss at right side of body
    B、consciousness proprioceptive sense loss at left side of body
    C、locomotor ataxia at left limbs
    D、hard paralysis at left limbs

Telencephalon 1随堂测验

1、The frontal lobe does not include:
    A、the premotor area
    B、orbital gyri
    C、the uncus
    D、the motor area


1、The following statements concerning the caudate nucleus are correct except:
    A、It is C-shaped.
    B、It lies laterally to the thalamus.
    C、It has a head, a body and a tail.
    D、The body lies in the root of the lateral ventricle.


1、Ablation of the arm region of the first motor area of the left hemisphere, or destruction of this region by natural causes, results in___.
    A、voluntary muscle paralysis of the right arm, without flaccidity of the affected muscle
    B、impairment of voluntary movements in both arms, with the more pronounced motor deficit on the right side
    C、progressive atrophy of the muscles of the right arm
    D、insignificant motor deficits from the start, owing to compensation by intact pyramidal and extrapyramidal neurons


1、The writing area locates in the____.
    A、supramarginal gyrus
    B、posterior part of the middle frontal gyrus
    C、anterior part of the superior frontal gyrus
    D、posterior part of the inferior frontal gyrus


1、Which does not pass the posterior limb of the internal capsule?
    A、corticospinal tract
    B、corticorubral tract
    C、frontopontine tract
    D、corticopontione tract


1、Which of the following combinations of structures include only telencephalic components of the limbic system of the brain?
    A、hippocampus, corpus striatum, cingulated gyrus, insula
    B、cingulated gyrus, hippocampus, amygdaloid nucleus, dentate gyrus
    C、hippocampus, dentate gyrus, mammillary body, amygdalois nucleus
    D、cingulated gyrus, anterior thalamic nucleus, claustrum, hippocampus

The cranial nerves

Cranial nerves1随堂测验

1、Which kind of cranial fibers are found in optic nerves?
    A、general somatic afferent (GSA) fibers
    B、general somatic efferent (GSE) fibers
    C、special somatic afferent (SSA) fibers
    D、general visceral afferent (GVA) fibers

Cranial nerves2随堂测验

1、Where synapses of olfactory nerve are made?
    A、mucosa of the superior nasal conchae
    B、bipolar neuron
    C、olfactory bulb
    D、olfactory tract

Cranial nerves3随堂测验

1、Identify the correct pairing(s) of cranial nerve to function:
    A、trigeminal nerve / chewing movements
    B、abducens nerve / medial eye movement (eye adduction)
    C、optic nerve / eye movements
    D、olfactory nerve / secretion of tears and saliva

Cranial nerves4随堂测验

1、The seventh cranial nerve supplies
    A、taste buds on the posterior third of the tongue.
    B、muscles of the soft palate.
    C、the parotid salivary gland.
    D、muscles of the lower lip.

Cranial nerves5随堂测验

1、The parasympathetic preganglionic fibers in glossopharyngeal nerve arise from .
    A、dorsal nucleus of vagus nerve
    B、inferior salivatory nucleus
    C、hypoglossal nucleus
    D、superior salivatory nucleus

Cranial nerves6随堂测验

1、Which of the following cranial nerves controls many of our abdominal organs?
    A、Vagus nerve
    B、Trochlear nerve
    C、Hypoglossal nerve
    D、Glossopharyngeal nerve

Cranial nerves7随堂测验

1、Which group of cranial nuclei in brainstem belongs to the general somatic motor nucleus?
    A、nucleus of facial nerve, motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve and nucleus ambiguus
    B、hypoglossal nucleus, accessory nucleus, and nucleus ambiguus
    C、abducent nucleus, nucleus of facial nerve and nucleus ambiguus
    D、trochlear, abducent, hypoglossal nuclei and nucleus of oculomotor nerve

The spinal nerves and the visceral nervous systerm

introduction of spinal nerve随堂测验

1、A spinal segment is defined as region of the spinal cord that
    A、corresponds to a collection of nerves passing up or down within the white matter
    B、corresponds to the region of the vertebral column (i.e. cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral) to which spinal nerves arise
    C、refers to a region of the spinal cord from which a pair of spinal nerves arises
    D、underlines the neural arch of a particular vertebra in the adult

cervical plexus随堂测验

1、About the course of phrenic nerve, all of the following statements are not true except that the nerve
    A、descends on the front of the prevertebral fascia
    B、passes behind the first part of the subclavian artery
    C、descends on the back of scalenus anterior
    D、passes on the front of the root of the lung

brachial plexus随堂测验

1、Which of the following nerves supplies the brachioradialis?
    A、median nerve
    B、ulnar nerve
    C、radial nerve
    D、musculocutaneous nerve

anterior branch of thoracic nerve随堂测验

1、The skin on the plane of the sternal angle is mainly distributed by
    A、anterior branches of the first pair of thoracic nerves
    B、anterior branches of the second pair of thoracic nerves
    C、anterior branches of the third pair of thoracic nerves
    D、anterior branch es of the fourth pair of thoracic nerves

lumbar plexus随堂测验

1、About femoral nerve, which of the following statements is not true?
    A、It arises from the lumbar plexus
    B、It descends between the psoas major and iliacus
    C、It enters the femoral triangle behind the inguinal ligament and lateral to the femoral vessels
    D、Its muscular branches supply the muscles of medial group of the thigh.

sacral plexus随堂测验

1、Which of the following is CORRECT regarding the sciatic nerve?
    A、Arises from the lumbar plexus.
    B、Is the second largest nerve in the body.
    C、Splits at about the level of the knee into tibial and common fibular nerves
    D、Splits into tibial and femoral nerves.

Introduction to visceral nerves随堂测验

1、In the autonomic nervous system,
    A、the lower motor neurons directly innervate effector organs
    B、there is always a synapse between the CNS and the effector organ
    C、motor neurons do not synapse but are connected by gap junctions
    D、all preganglionic sympathetic fibers release acetylcholine

Sympathetic nerve随堂测验

1、The preganglionic neurons of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system originate in
    A、the midbrain and the medulla oblongata
    B、the entire spinal nerve complex
    C、the first cervical (C1) to the first lumbar (L1) segments
    D、the first thoracic (T1) to the third lumbar (L3) segments

Parasympathetic nerve随堂测验

1、Which is concerning the parasympathetic division of the ANS?
    A、gray communicating branch
    B、cervical ganglia of the sympathetic trunk
    C、craniosacral outflow
    D、synapse in celiac ganglion

Visceral sensory nerve随堂测验

1、Which of the following statements about the afferent visceral fibers is not right?
    A、The fibers are involved in reflexes that regulate blood pressure and heart rate
    B、The fibers carry a variety of sensations to the cerebellum
    C、Visceral afferent axons in the glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve
    D、The cell bodies of visceral sensory neurons are located in spinal ganglia

The nervous pathways

meninges of brain and spinal cord随堂测验

1、Which of the following is true statement relating to the meninges?
    A、The dura mater is composed of a dense fibrous connective tissue.
    B、The dura mater around the brain is single-layered.
    C、Venous sinuses occur between the two dural layers around the spinal cord.
    D、The most superficial meninx is the arachnoid membrane.

blood vessles in brain&spinal cord随堂测验

1、Which of the following arteries is not included in the circle of Willis?
    A、the anterior communicating artery
    B、the anterior cerebral artery
    C、the middle cerebral artery
    D、the posterior communicating artery

pathway 1随堂测验

1、Which of the following is the second-order neuron for the conscious proprioceptive pathway?
    A、spinal ganglion
    B、gracile and cuneate nuclei
    C、nucleus proprius
    D、ventral posterolateral nucleus

pathway 2随堂测验

1、Which of following are the second order fibers for the spinothalamic tract?
    A、medial lemniscus
    B、dorsolateral fasciculus
    C、lateral lemniscus
    D、lateral and anterior spinothalamic tracts

pathway 3随堂测验

1、Damage to the midplane of optic chiasm would produce
    A、bitemporal hemianopsia
    B、monocular blindness
    C、nasal hemianopsia
    D、homonymous hemianopsia

pathway 4随堂测验

1、Which nucleus situated in midbrain can relay the auditory information?
    A、solitary nucleus
    B、nucleus ambiguous
    C、hypoglossal nucleus
    D、cochlear nucleus

pathway 5随堂测验

1、What is not the clinical feature of the lesion of the lower motor neurons?
    A、muscle tone decreased
    B、myotatic (deep) reflex decreased or absent
    C、cutaneous (superficial) reflex absent
    D、pathological reflex (e.g., Babinski sign) existed

pathway 6随堂测验

1、Concerning the corticobulbar tract, which is wrong?
    A、The corticobulbar tract passes through the genu of internal capsule
    B、The corticobulbar tracts decussated at the midplane in the brainstem, whereas others have not.
    C、Upper portion of face receives bilateral corticobulbar tract.
    D、The lesion of the upper motor neuron, all the facial muscles of one side will be paralyzed.