人工智能概述

1.2 人工智能的发展和意义随堂测验

1、with respect to
    A、确定
    B、通过
    C、尊敬
    D、关于

2、working domain
    A、工作要点
    B、工作区域
    C、工作环境
    D、工作方法

3、explicit
    A、现实的
    B、外在的
    C、详尽的
    D、隐形的

4、discipline
    A、学科
    B、纪律
    C、训练
    D、风纪

5、be off on the wrong foot
    A、一开始就错了
    B、酿成大错
    C、一错再错
    D、错得离谱

1.4 人工智能的发展历史随堂测验

1、Artificial Intelligence aims at making a computer or a software that can think more intelligently than human beings.

2、The development of Artificial Intelligence is based on the study of the way human beings think, learn and work.

3、It is the goal of finding theories that can lead scientists to make breakthroughs in productive science.

4、Artificial Intelligence is a science that is closely related to physics.

5、Artificial Intelligence can be reliable when people need theoretical explanation or technical advice.

1.6 人工智能发展的反思随堂测验

1、A computer-controlled camera can __________ subtle differences in people’s facial expressions.
    A、detect
    B、select
    C、reflect
    D、inspect

2、Global warming is closely ___________ people’s life and disastrous consequences would be unavoidable if we didn’t do something to cope with it.
    A、associated to
    B、associated of
    C、associated with
    D、associated

3、Men used to play a ___________ role in family life and they were called the “bread-earners”.
    A、diverse
    B、dominant
    C、visible
    D、minor

4、The Republic of Botswana is a small country ___________ size and population.
    A、with respect to
    B、at the sight of
    C、in terms of
    D、regardless of

5、The professor has been talking _________ about the development and application of Artificial Intelligence.
    A、exactly
    B、especially
    C、exclusively
    D、explicitly

第一单元测试

1、Artificial Intelligence is the science and engineering of _____.
    A、creating machines that can calculate faster than human beings
    B、creating systems that can think, learn and understand as intelligently as human beings
    C、creating machines that can store larger amounts of data than human beings can
    D、creating systems that can think, decide and reason better than human beings

2、According to the passage, Artificial Intelligence can be applied in the following fields EXCEPT _____.
    A、playing games
    B、handling different accents and voices
    C、going into the war
    D、performing extreme tasks

3、The handwriting recognition system can read texts by _____.
    A、analyzing the grammatical rules
    B、translating the texts
    C、scanning the key information
    D、identifying the shapes of the letters

4、Artificial Intelligence is possible if scientists can _____.
    A、study how computers work normally
    B、study how human brain works normally
    C、study how large amounts of data can be stored
    D、study how computing speed can be increased

5、Why does the author mention “a full-time Einstein”?
    A、Artificial Intelligence is a new field in which anyone can make new discoveries and contributions.
    B、Artificial Intelligence is a brand-new field in which scientists have to give their previous research.
    C、Artificial Intelligence is so complex that only those top scientists can do research in it.
    D、Artificial Intelligence is such a complicated study that one has to fully concentrate in it.

6、People with a wide range of __________ are more competitive in the job market.
    A、disciplines
    B、insights
    C、strengths
    D、decisions

7、All the top universities in the world are appealing to students from over the world not only because of their excellence in teaching and researching but also because of their cultural _________.
    A、intensity
    B、vitality
    C、sincerity
    D、diversity

8、An increasing number of college students start to __________ their own business after they graduate.
    A、perceive
    B、pursue
    C、diagnose
    D、interpret

9、It took them three weeks to ___________ the old car park ___________ a playing ground for the residents nearby.
    A、lead…into
    B、put…into
    C、turn…into
    D、change…into

10、The equipment is now __________ normally thanks to the maintenance of the engineers.
    A、deriving
    B、creating
    C、functioning
    D、revealing

讨论题

1、Topic:In what ways can Artificial Intelligence influence people’s life and work?

人工智能与机器学习

2.2 概念、研究内容和目标随堂测验

1、access
    A、核对
    B、路径
    C、评估
    D、访问

2、output
    A、外出
    B、产量
    C、输出
    D、出口

3、ensemble model
    A、组装模具
    B、组合模型
    C、剧团模特
    D、组合金属

4、indicator
    A、指示器
    B、指示词
    C、迹象
    D、标志

5、artificial
    A、错误的
    B、人为的
    C、艺术的
    D、虚假的

2.4 重点词语分析随堂测验

1、The researcher in AI has solid evidence that the search for faster-than-light travel or an antigravity device is possible.

2、Clark also presents factual data revealing the fact why since the year of 2011 error rates in image processing tasks have fallen dramatically.

3、News went viral which police had caught criminal suspects who attended Chinese singer Jacky Cheung’s concerts.

4、They also have the knowledge which internet of things (IoT) data is growing twice as fast as social and computer-generated data.

5、The skeptics have a fear that a toxic mix of artificial intelligence, robotics and bio- and nanotechnology could make previous threats of nuclear devastation seem “easy” to manage by comparison.

2.5 科技英语阅读中的思辨能力培养随堂测验

1、Machine Learning focuses on the development of computer programs that can a________ data and use it for learning by themselves.

2、Machine Learning algorithms are often c________ as supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement.

3、Combining Machine Learning with AI and cognitive technologies can make it even more effective in p________ large volumes of information.

4、Although Machine Learning has been transformative in some fields, Machine Learning programs often f________ to deliver expected results.

5、Machine Learning systems used for criminal risk assessment have been found to be b________ against black people.

第二单元测试

1、Machine Learning is an application _____.
    A、that used to be an academic discipline of AI in early days
    B、aimed to guide the computers to learn and adjust actions under human assistance
    C、to provide AI with the capability to learn by itself and from experience
    D、with observations on data to make a better decision at the moment

2、How can Machine Learning deal with massive information more effectively?
    A、By using more time and resources in training it properly.
    B、By analyzing massive quantities of data.
    C、By combining itself with AI and cognitive technologies.
    D、By identifying results of profitable opportunities or dangerous risks.

3、According to the passage, Machine Learning has been used in some fields EXCEPT ___________.
    A、in medical diagnosis
    B、in film recommendation
    C、in self-driving vehicles
    D、in financial crisis prediction

4、What may be the reason(s) that Machine Learning programs fail to deliver expected results?
    A、Lack of visiting on appropriate data.
    B、Wrong choices of tasks and algorithms.
    C、Privacy problems.
    D、All of above.

5、What can we learn in the last paragraph?
    A、A Machine Learning system can predict the needs of new customer groups that are not represented in the training data.
    B、Data biases may occur when Machine Learning is trained on man-made data.
    C、Google photos can now recognize real gorillas.
    D、It takes a short time to use Machine Learning effectively in every field.

6、One advantage of having _______limbs is that you can upgrade them.
    A、crucial
    B、financial
    C、influential
    D、artificial

7、I don’t want to _________ any bad habits from those people.
    A、take up
    B、get up
    C、pick up
    D、give up

8、Staff wore name ________ and called inmates by their first names.
    A、tags
    B、brands
    C、signs
    D、images

9、Make a list of your child’s toys and then _________ them as sociable or antisocial.
    A、modify
    B、categorize
    C、represent
    D、adjust

10、If you _________ a solution to a problem or the reason for something, you succeed in solving it or understanding it.
    A、watch out
    B、put out
    C、sort out
    D、figure out

作业—— 阅读理解

1、1. What does the author say about the negative impact of smart-phones? A. It has been overshadowed by the positive impact. B. It has more often than not been taken for granted. C. It is not so obvious but has caused some concern. D. It is subtle but should by no means be overstated. 2. What is considered a less obvious advantaged of smart-phone technology? A. It systematically records real human interactions. B. It helps people benefit from technological advances. C. It brings people into closer contact with each other. D. It greatly improves research on human behavior. 3. What characterizes traditional psychological research? A. It is based on huge amounts of carefully collected data. B. It relies on lab observations and participants’ reports. C. It makes use of the questionnaire method. D. It is often expensive and time-consuming. 4. How will future psychological studies benefit individuals? A. By helping them pin down their unusual behaviors. B. By helping them maintain a positive state of mind. C. By helping them live their lives in a unique way. D. By helping them cope with abnormal situations. 5. What do we learn about current psychological studies? A. They are going through a period of painful transition. B. They are increasingly focused on real-life situations. C. They are conducted in a more rigorous manner. D. They are mainly targeted towards undergraduates.

人工智能的未来发展

3.3 结构分析及写作技巧学习随堂测验

1、When the author uses the word “runaway”, he refers to the risks posed by Artificial Intelligence.

2、According to Kurzweil, what sets our age apart from all previous ones is the Artificial Intelligence.

3、Kurzweil is one of those pessimists concerning the future of Artificial Intelligence.

4、Jaan Tallinn is worried that he may die from some AI advance.

5、Many AI researchers simply suppose we’ll have the ability to build “friendly AI”.

3.4 重点词语分析随堂测验

1、Humans and the corporations building these technologies have an ethical responsibility considering the implications of developing and using AI.

2、Hawking and Musk endorsed the Asilomar AI Principles, a set of 23 principles that are designed ensure that AI technologies are created and used to better the world.

3、Machines rely on us as a crucial partner in powering their software and training the next generation of AI algorithms.

4、The latest AI research projects underway and the predictions about the roles of AI in future come upholds a future which is equally bright and shrouded with anticipation.

5、AI-powered robots will be able to tackle dangerous situations better than human beings. Robots will play a more proactive role in maintaining city traffic and managing disasters.

3.5 科技英语学习中的“学以致用”随堂测验

1、constitute
    A、合并
    B、构成
    C、成立
    D、建造

2、sweep into
    A、涌入
    B、跳入
    C、吸入
    D、驶入

3、regardless of
    A、尽管
    B、鉴于
    C、不管
    D、至于

4、flexibility
    A、灵活性
    B、可行性
    C、可靠性
    D、可塑性

5、batch processing
    A、土地加工
    B、补丁加工
    C、成批处理
    D、商品处理

第三单元测试

1、In Ray Kurzweil’s view, our age is different from all the previous ones in that _____.
    A、there is an increasing number of “runaway” technologies in our age
    B、there’s a rocketing pace of development in technologies in our age
    C、there are more and more Artificial Intelligence researchers in our age
    D、there are more and more climate changes in our age

2、According to the passage, Ray Kurzweil and other advocates are optimistic about Artificial Intelligence because they believe _____.
    A、the technology will help us solve various problems in society
    B、the technology will be controlled by the human being
    C、the technology will develop at an accelerating pace
    D、the technology will evolve beyond our ability to control or understand

3、IBM has a plan to develop its supercomputer “Watson” into _____.
    A、a matchless expert in biology
    B、an unparalleled expert in health
    C、an incomparable expert in education
    D、an unrivalled expert in medicine

4、What is the attitude of James Barrat towards Artificial Intelligence?
    A、Optimistic.
    B、Pessimistic.
    C、Indifferent.
    D、Neutral.

5、The purpose of the passage is to _____.
    A、convince people of the benefits of Artificial Intelligence
    B、arouse people’s interests in Artificial Intelligence
    C、remind people of the risks of Artificial Intelligence
    D、encourage people to develop Artificial Intelligence technology

6、Tom has been __________ technology for as long as he can remember --- starting with the first time he ever glimpsed an NES.
    A、obsessing with
    B、obsessed with
    C、obsessing of
    D、obsessed of

7、These headphones ___________ the boundaries of consumer use as an ideal solution for the casual listener or the audiophile.
    A、translate
    B、transmit
    C、transcend
    D、transfer

8、The budget plan offered a _________ view of the city’s economy, saying there was little hope for a major expansion.
    A、grim
    B、major
    C、grand
    D、minor

9、As medical knowledge and technology continue to__________, it has become possible to perform certain surgeries in hospital.
    A、solve
    B、involve
    C、evolve
    D、revolve

10、The peasants were worried because the late frosts _________ the poor fruit crop this year.
    A、set apart
    B、spring up
    C、bug out
    D、account for

讨论题

1、What can we do to ensure that AI operates safely as it competes with humans in its intelligence?

人工智能与云计算

4.3 “云计算概述”的内容结构和写作技巧随堂测验

1、Cloud computing is believed to be effective in decreasing the cost in computation, applications of IT companies.

2、In the SaaS cloud computing model, the customer can freely create his application and share with other end users.

3、Public clouds are financed, owned and managed by the government to provide services.

4、In the cloud computing models, there is no need to worry about privacy and information security.

5、Cloud computing is worth exploring with more benefits than drawbacks.

4.4 重点词语分析随堂测验

1、in one’s infancy
    A、处于初期
    B、处于孕期
    C、处于婚期
    D、处于晚期

2、confidentiality
    A、一致性
    B、可能性
    C、双重性
    D、保密性

3、comply with
    A、坚持
    B、保持
    C、遵守
    D、追赶

4、seamlessly
    A、快活地
    B、流畅地
    C、相似地
    D、可能地

5、multiple
    A、重合的
    B、单一的
    C、多样的
    D、相同的

4.5 介词的使用和定语从句的构成随堂测验

1、Once you compile the code, you need to ________ it in the server to access the service.
    A、employ
    B、align
    C、comply
    D、deploy

2、The evaluation process should also take into consideration experience gained by national __________ authorities in clearing such products.
    A、consultative
    B、investigatory
    C、regulatory
    D、various

3、In fact, with the _________ of paid inclusion, some search engines now have a vested interest in the health of the optimization community.
    A、paradigm
    B、advent
    C、disappearance
    D、collapse

4、That’s why we are open sourcing it at an early stage: we believe that peer review, community feedback, and public _______ greatly improve the quality of security technologies like this one.
    A、scrutiny
    B、control
    C、complaint
    D、spike

5、These are preinstalled so that you can test and use them without spending time on installation and _________.
    A、cultivation
    B、calculation
    C、confrontation
    D、configuration

第四单元测试

1、According to the passage, cloud computing can be applied in the following fields EXCEPT _____.
    A、complex engineering computation
    B、hosting end-customer applications
    C、content storage and delivery
    D、free access to personal information

2、Compared with traditional computing concepts, cloud computing is particular in _____.
    A、bringing differences
    B、distributing information to customers
    C、breaking down organizational boundaries and broadening horizons
    D、conducting computation autonomously

3、The role of determining the right cloud path for the organizations is largely played by _____.
    A、the cloud integrators
    B、the public cloud providers
    C、the private cloud providers
    D、the hybrid cloud providers

4、According to the text, which of the following is a factor contributing to the enterprises’ security concerns?
    A、There is no firewall on the cloud to protect sensitive information.
    B、The enterprises do not know where their information is stored.
    C、The government is not involved.
    D、The enterprises are not willing to pay for the insurance.

5、Who are responsible for the management of service level agreements?
    A、The board of directors.
    B、The R & D department.
    C、The operational teams.
    D、The sales teams.

6、Although they can handle ___________ screens, they do not do well with applications that start out in one place (screen, computer, or room) and then move to another.
    A、ample
    B、multiple
    C、simple
    D、triple

7、If we wanted to _________ the set of commands, we would need to make some code changes.
    A、decrease
    B、augment
    C、pause
    D、align

8、If we reinforce the traffic security education and more people __________ traffic regulations, I believe one day traffic accidents can be avoided.
    A、result in
    B、appeal to
    C、account for
    D、comply with

9、These services can be provided by an intermediary through which interested businesses can route their messages ___________.
    A、on demand
    B、for demand
    C、demanded
    D、demanding

10、To be fair, escape analysis is still ___________ and it will take time to mature this complex tool.
    A、out of fancy
    B、in fancy
    C、in its infancy
    D、out of infancy

作业—— 阅读理解

1、The AlphaGo programs victory is an example of how smart computers have become. But can artificial intelligence (AI) machines act ethically, meaning can they be honest and fair? One example of AI is driverless cars. They are already on California roads, so it is not too soon to ask whether we can program a machine to act ethically. As driverless cars improve, they will save lives. They will make fewer mistakes than human drivers do. Sometimes, however, they will face a choice between lives. Should the cars be programmed to avoid hitting a child running across the road, even if that will put their passengers at risk? What about making a sudden turn to avoid a dog? What if the only risk is damage to the car itself, not to the passengers? Perhaps there will be lessons to learn from driverless cars, but they are not super-intelligent beings. Teaching ethics to a machine even more intelligent than we are will be the bigger challenge. About the same time as AlphaGo’s triumph, Microsoft’s “chatbot” took a bad turn. The software, named Taylor, was designed to answer messages from people aged 18-24. Taylor was supposed to be able to learn from the messages she received. She was designed to slowly improve her ability to handle conversations, but some people were teaching Taylor racist ideas. When she started saying nice things about Hitler, Microsoft turned her off and deleted her ugliest messages. AlphaGo’s victory and Taylor's defeat happened at about the same time. This should be a warning to us. It is one thing to use AI within a game with clear rules and clear goals. It is something very different to use AI in the real world. The unpredictability of the real world may bring to the surface a troubling software problem. Eric Schmidt is one of the bosses of Google, which owns AlphaGo. He thinks AI will be positive for humans. He said people will be the winner, whatever the outcome. Advances in AI will make human beings smarter, more able and “just better human beings.” 1. What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo's victory? A. Computers will prevail over human beings. B. Computers have unmatched potential. C. Computers are man’s potential rivals. D. Computers can become highly intelligent. 2. What does the author mean by AI machines acting ethically? A. They are capable of predicting possible risks. B. They weigh the gains and losses before reaching a decision. C. They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas. D. They sacrifice everything to save human lives. 3. What is said to be the bigger challenge facing humans in the AI age? A. How to make super-intelligent AI machines share human feelings. B. How to ensure that super-intelligent AI machines act ethically. C. How to prevent AI machines doing harm to humans. D. How to avoid being over-dependent on AI machines. 4. What do we learn about Microsoft's “’chatbot” Taylor? A. She could not distinguish good from bad. B. She could turn herself off when necessary. C. She was not made to handle novel situations. D. She was good at performing routine tasks. 5. What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence? A. It will be far superior to human beings. B. It will keep improving as time goes by. C. It will prove to be an asset to human beings. D. It will be here to stay whatever the outcome.

人工智能与物联网

5.3 写作---排比结构随堂测验

1、Only new leading-edge enterprises are leveraging emerging technologies to automate and optimize their business performance.

2、Although the leading-edge companies excel at using customer data and analyzing competitors to innovate their products and services, they don’t understand customer needs very well.

3、AI helps reinventors introduce new products, discover new opportunities, increase risk and reduce revenue.

4、The traditional approach to programmable computing cannot process the degree and kind of data needed to fulfill the true promise of IoT.

5、Gathering data about online shopping habits is difficult, but in-store behavior is easy to quantify.

5.4 重点词语分析随堂测验

1、optimize
    A、使现代化
    B、使最优化
    C、使私有化
    D、使电气化

2、quantifiable
    A、无穷的
    B、数不清的
    C、合格的
    D、可计量的

3、back up
    A、保持
    B、支持
    C、继续
    D、后退

4、shepherd
    A、导致
    B、推导
    C、引导
    D、倡导

5、keep pace with
    A、与...相比
    B、与...相像
    C、与...相反
    D、与...保持同步

5.5 长难句和翻译随堂测验

1、This is yet another example of the growing __________ of world leaders in health issues.
    A、development
    B、management
    C、movement
    D、engagement

2、Some past offenders in Michigan have been released only to cause __________ and end up in jail again.
    A、avenue
    B、deletion
    C、havoc
    D、refusal

3、Attempts to __________ specific language functions with particular parts of the brain have not advanced very far.
    A、correlate
    B、combine
    C、impart
    D、adjust

4、What verifiable and _________ evidence can we show that this is logical?
    A、available
    B、quantifiable
    C、compliable
    D、acceptable

5、How do we best ___________ the role of corporations in alleviating world poverty?
    A、optimize
    B、minimize
    C、realize
    D、civilize

第五单元测试

1、What full potential of IoT has been achieved for business model with the addition of AI?
    A、The reinventors are making more business partners.
    B、The reinventors are shrinking their business scale.
    C、The reinventors are reducing risk and increasing revenue.
    D、The reinventors are meeting more competitions.

2、Machine learning stays in tune with IoT complexity and havoc because _____.
    A、it challenges IoT data
    B、it can learn from interactions with users and experiences with the environment
    C、it can shepherd through pre-determined processes to arrive at outcomes
    D、it can program systems explicitly

3、How can a clothing retailer enhance the in-store customer experience in the way of combining IoT with AI?
    A、By gathering data about customers’ online shopping habits.
    B、By quantifying the information on in-store customer behavior.
    C、By correlating traditional structured data with less-quantifiable information.
    D、It is difficult to enhance in-store service since in-store customer behavior is hard to quantify with data.

4、Which of the following steps is NOT recommended to a company who works to combine IoT with AI?
    A、Focusing on building a mature IoT network.
    B、Backing up AI/IoT idea with execution plans.
    C、Communicating AI/IoT vision with stakeholders and employees.
    D、Evaluating internal and external data to innovate products and services.

5、For today’s business leaders, they should extend their vision to _____.
    A、capture all forms of data from interconnected devices
    B、automate their business performance
    C、get IoT data closely linked to AI applications
    D、reinvent new technologies and intelligent machines

6、Many people are unable to ___________ the unhappiness they feel.
    A、calculate
    B、accumulate
    C、articulate
    D、accelerate

7、The companies had hoped to take long-term stakes in several of China’s biggest banks as a way to ___________ on this country’s growing economy.
    A、capitalize
    B、modernize
    C、scrutinize
    D、advertize

8、Books and articles on Artificial Intelligence have _________ over the past several years.
    A、benefited
    B、clarified
    C、quantified
    D、proliferated

9、All or nearly all visitors will be _________ by guides to this field and then onto the bus.
    A、commanded
    B、shepherded
    C、scolded
    D、diverged

10、Performance counters of short-term history are automatically _________ and can be used for long-term trend analysis.
    A、investigated
    B、exaggerated
    C、aggregated
    D、integrated

讨论题

1、How does the IoT impact people’s daily life? Can you give an example?

人工智能的应用

6.3 人工智能十大工业应用(二)随堂测验

1、As AI is a branch of computer science, it is left unaffected by today’s technology.

2、Nowadays, we all realize that many of the blogs and articles we are reading are written by machines.

3、The application of Artificial Intelligence in the entertainment industry is very common now.

4、Google’s driverless cars and Tesla’s Autopilot features have already paved their way towards the introduction of AI in automobiles.

5、Although Artificial Intelligence has been growing dramatically, it will not spread in the technologically relevant areas where nobody has imagined it to be.

6.5 重点词语分析随堂测验

1、The information may not __________ describe or reflect the software product when first commercially released.
    A、accurately
    B、absolutely
    C、accordingly
    D、additionally

2、The ability to __________ knowledge and command respect is the essential qualification for teachers.
    A、productivity
    B、imply
    C、impart
    D、input

3、The singer pioneered the music video __________, and arguably became the world's top musical performer.
    A、scheme
    B、genre
    C、brand
    D、gadget

4、New software goes beyond passive recording to alerting law enforcement about__________ activity in real time.
    A、notorious
    B、auspicious
    C、cautious
    D、suspicious

5、An exact __________ can only be made by obtaining a blood sample.
    A、diagnosis
    B、analysis
    C、prognosis
    D、genesis

6.6 生活中人工智能的应用随堂测验

1、navigation
    A、飞翔
    B、旅行
    C、导航
    D、调查

2、suspicious
    A、渴望的
    B、吉祥的
    C、充裕的
    D、可疑的

3、imitate
    A、遵照
    B、模仿
    C、追求
    D、维持

4、procedure
    A、程序
    B、项目
    C、过程
    D、节目

5、utilize
    A、探索
    B、收获
    C、记忆
    D、利用

第六单元测试

1、Which is NOT mentioned in the article about the applications of Artificial intelligence in online retail?
    A、Providing payment services
    B、Offering seeking guidance
    C、Resolving doubts
    D、Providing buying advices

2、According to the passage, Artificial Intelligence can be applied in the following fields EXCEPT _____.
    A、health care
    B、smartphones
    C、home appliances
    D、cyber defense

3、At present, banks are making use of AI to deal with various business _____.
    A、to meet the clients’ requirements
    B、to trace the clients’ accounts
    C、to warn the clients about financial risks
    D、to offer insightful suggestions to the clients

4、How was Artificial Intelligence applied to the healthcare industry according to the passage?
    A、AI could replace doctors to do operations independently.
    B、AI could assist doctors in diagnosis and treatment process.
    C、AI could play the role as a nurse to attend patients.
    D、AI could monitor the patients’ health condition and report anytime.

5、What is the attitude of the author to the future applications of AI?
    A、Positive.
    B、Negative.
    C、Neutral.
    D、Indifferent.

6、One out of 12 surveyed charities said they were in __________ danger of folding due to financial reasons.
    A、permanent
    B、prominent
    C、imminent
    D、eminent

7、What other ways can banks __________the power of Big Data to gain a competitive edge?
    A、seize
    B、address
    C、imitate
    D、utilize

8、But by lowering barriers to entry, __________ technologies create expanded opportunities for experimentation and innovation.
    A、alternative
    B、disruptive
    C、collaborative
    D、negative

9、We asked them to name artists who are true pioneers in their fields, whom others both respect and __________.
    A、imitate
    B、hesitate
    C、tolerate
    D、indicate

10、Political, diplomatic, legal and economic measures should be tried before any __________ arms.
    A、resort of
    B、appeal of
    C、restor to
    D、appeal to

作业—— 阅读理解

1、There is no denying that students should learn something about how computers work, just as we expect them at least to understand that the internal-combustion engine has something to do with burning fuel, expanding gases and pistons being driven. For people should have some basic idea of how the things that they use do what they do. Further, students might be helped by a course that considers the computer’s impact on society. But that is not what is meant by computer literacy. For computer literacy is not a form of literacy; it is a trade skill that should not be taught as a liberal art.   Learning how to use a computer and learning how to program one are two distinct activities. A case might be made that the competent citizens of tomorrow should free themselves from their fear of computers. But this is quite different from saying that all ought to know how to program one. Leave that to people who have chosen programming as a career. While programming can be lots of fun, and while our society needs some people who are experts at it, the same is true of auto repair and violin-making.   Learning how to use a computer is not that difficult, and it gets easier all the time as programs become more “user-friendly”. Let us assume that in the future everyone is going to have to know how to use a computer to be a competent citizen. What does the phrase learning to use a computer mean? It sounds like “learning to drive a car", that is, it sounds as if there is some set of definite skills that, once acquired, enable one to use a computer.   In fact, “learning to use a computer” is much more like “learning to play a game”, but learning the rules of one game may not help you play a second game, whose rules may not be the same. There is no such a thing as teaching someone how to use a computer. One can only teach people to use this or that program and generally that is easily accomplished. 1.To be the competent citizens of tomorrow, people should _______.  A. try to lay a solid foundation in computer science  B. be aware of how the things that they use do what they do  C. learn to use a computer by acquiring a certain set of skills  D. understand that programming a computer is more essential than repairing a car 2. In the second paragraph“auto repair”and“violin-making”are mentioned to show that ______.  A. programming a computer is as interesting as making a violin  B. our society needs experts in different fields  C. violin making requires as much skill as computer programming  D. people who can use a computer don’t necessarily have to know computer programming 3. Learning to use a computer is getting easier all the time because _______ .  A. programs are becoming less complicated  B. programs are designed to be convenient to users  C. programming is becoming easier and easier  D. programs are becoming readily available to computer users 4. According to the author, the phrase “learning to use a computer” (Lines3, 4, Para.3) means learning _______.  A. a set of rules B. the fundamentals of computer science  C. specific programs D. general principles of programming 5. The author’s purpose in writing this passage is _______.  A. to stress the impact of the computer on society  B. to explain the concept of computer literacy  C. to illustrate the requirements for being competent citizens of tomorrow D. to emphasize that computer programming is an interesting and challenging job

人工智能与大数据

7.3 文章结构及写作技巧随堂测验

1、A vast majority of Fortune 1000 corporations are investing in setting up Big Data and AI initiatives.

2、The scale of big datasets may be different from organization to organization.

3、Big data systems only handle useful data from internal systems.

4、Sorting and labeling data usually take place at the third step of Big Data life cycle.

5、RAM is used to ingest data into the Big Data systems.

7.4 重点词语分析随堂测验

1、utilize
    A、生长
    B、显示
    C、突然出现
    D、蔓延

2、aptitude
    A、纬度
    B、才能
    C、胃口
    D、态度

3、fraud
    A、利用
    B、欺骗
    C、计算
    D、改进

4、breach
    A、宣传
    B、搜寻
    C、打破
    D、违背

5、take root
    A、扎根
    B、拔苗
    C、播种
    D、松土

7.5 科技英语翻译技巧简介随堂测验

1、If an enterprise can’t grasp the ________ in the market, it will lose the leading position.
    A、credential
    B、selection
    C、influence
    D、initiative

2、The new regulation gives employees more ________ in the workplace.
    A、productivity
    B、creativity
    C、flexibility
    D、originality

3、Jack is helping his mother ________ food among his younger brothers.
    A、contribute
    B、distribute
    C、attribute
    D、tribute

4、Companies can benefit from analyzing the large volumes of ________ and customer data.
    A、transitional
    B、transactional
    C、transitory
    D、transparent

5、Female employees ________ less than 5 percent of the total number of the staff.
    A、constitute
    B、comprise
    C、compose
    D、conspire

第七单元测试

1、What enables companies to build AI initiatives within their organizations?
    A、The increasing computing power or storage of a single computer.
    B、The vast investment from Fortune 1000 corporations.
    C、The fast growth and greater availability of data.
    D、The expanding scale of the traditional business.

2、Which industry is in the leading position of building Big Data and AI initiatives?
    A、Social media.
    B、Life sciences.
    C、Computer sciences.
    D、Financial services.

3、Which one is not the characteristic of Big Data according to Doug Laney?
    A、The wide range of the sources and quality.
    B、The long life cycle of the system.
    C、The fast speed that information moves through the system.
    D、The much larger datasets to be processed or stored.

4、What kind of data is usually accepted by a Big Data system?
    A、Labeled data.
    B、Formatted data.
    C、Raw data.
    D、Organized data.

5、What does real-time processing refer to?
    A、Processing the information immediately when it is available.
    B、Processing the information after picking out the really useful data.
    C、Processing the information after waiting for a period of time.
    D、Processing the information when it is worth analyzing.

6、Training methods used by the new football coach differ ________ from those used by older ones.
    A、violently
    B、enormously
    C、vividly
    D、significantly

7、It’s not easy to ________ each of these parts together to complete the bike.
    A、allocate
    B、coordinate
    C、ingest
    D、assemble

8、The scientist ________ with his studies in spite of healthy problems.
    A、consists
    B、persists
    C、resists
    D、insists

9、They both have the ________ of finishing the task independently.
    A、capability
    B、reliability
    C、credibility
    D、probability

10、Big Data systems usually accept and store data closer to its ________ state.
    A、crude
    B、rough
    C、raw
    D、primary

期末考试

客观题

1、Artificial Intelligence is the science and engineering of _____.
    A、creating machines that can calculate faster than human beings
    B、creating systems that can think, learn and understand as intelligently as human beings
    C、creating machines that can store larger amounts of data than human beings can
    D、creating systems that can think, decide and reason better than human beings

2、Artificial Intelligence is possible if scientists can _____.
    A、study how human brain works normally
    B、study how computers work normally
    C、study how large amounts of data can be stored
    D、study how computing speed can be increased

3、A computer-controlled camera can __________ subtle differences in people’s facial expressions.
    A、select
    B、reflect
    C、detect
    D、inspect

4、Machine Learning is an application _____.
    A、that used to be an academic discipline of AI in early days
    B、aimed to guide the computers to learn and adjust actions under human assistance
    C、to provide AI with the capability to learn by itself and from experience
    D、with observations on data to make a better decision at the moment

5、How can Machine Learning deal with massive information more effectively?
    A、By using more time and resources in training it properly.
    B、By analyzing massive quantities of data.
    C、By identifying results of profitable opportunities or dangerous risks.
    D、By combining itself with AI and cognitive technologies.

6、One advantage of having _______limbs is that you can upgrade them.
    A、crucial
    B、financial
    C、influential
    D、artificial

7、Compared with traditional computing concepts, cloud computing is particular in _____.
    A、bringing differences
    B、distributing information to customers
    C、conducting computation autonomously
    D、breaking down organizational boundaries and broadening horizons

8、The role of determining the right cloud path for the organizations is largely played by _____.
    A、the cloud integrators
    B、the public cloud providers
    C、the private cloud providers
    D、the hybrid cloud providers

9、Who are responsible for the management of service level agreements?
    A、The board of directors.
    B、The R & D department.
    C、The operational teams.
    D、The sales teams.

10、Once you compile the code, you need to ________ it in the server to access the service.
    A、employ
    B、deploy
    C、align
    D、comply

11、Machine learning stays in tune with IoT complexity and havoc because _____.
    A、it challenges IoT data
    B、it can shepherd through pre-determined processes to arrive at outcomes
    C、it can program systems explicitly
    D、it can learn from interactions with users and experiences with the environment

12、For today’s business leaders, they should extend their vision to _____.
    A、get IoT data closely linked to AI applications
    B、capture all forms of data from interconnected devices
    C、automate their business performance
    D、reinvent new technologies and intelligent machines

13、Books and articles on Artificial Intelligence have _________ over the past several years.
    A、benefited
    B、clarified
    C、quantified
    D、proliferated

14、At present, banks are making use of AI to deal with various business _____.
    A、to meet the clients’ requirements
    B、to trace the clients’ accounts
    C、to warn the clients about financial risks
    D、to offer insightful suggestions to the clients

15、The information may not __________ describe or reflect the software product when first commercially released.
    A、accurately
    B、absolutely
    C、accordingly
    D、additionally

16、New software goes beyond passive recording to alerting law enforcement about__________ activity in real time.
    A、notorious
    B、auspicious
    C、suspicious
    D、cautious

17、What enables companies to build AI initiatives within their organizations?
    A、The increasing computing power or storage of a single computer.
    B、The vast investment from Fortune 1000 corporations.
    C、The fast growth and greater availability of data.
    D、The expanding scale of the traditional business.

18、Which industry is in the leading position of building Big Data and AI initiatives?
    A、Social media.
    B、Life sciences.
    C、Computer sciences.
    D、Financial services.

19、Artificial Intelligence aims at making a computer or a software that can think more intelligently than human beings.

20、Artificial Intelligence can be reliable when people need theoretical explanation or technical advice.

21、The development of Artificial Intelligence is based on the study of the way human beings think, learn and work.

22、Machine Learning systems used for criminal risk assessment often recognized black people as criminals.

23、Machine Learning is combined with AI and cognitive technologies, which can make it even more effective in processing large volumes of information.

24、Supervised Machine Learning algorithms can apply what has been learned at present to predict future events.

25、Many AI researchers simply suppose we’ll have the ability to build “friendly AI”.

26、Humans and the corporations building these technologies have an ethical responsibility considering the implications of developing and using AI.

27、Machines rely on us as a crucial partner in powering their software and training the next generation of AI algorithms.

28、The latest AI research projects underway and the predictions about the roles of AI in future come upholds a future which is equally bright and shrouded with anticipation.

29、AI-powered robots will be able to tackle dangerous situations better than human beings. Robots will play a more proactive role in maintaining city traffic and managing disasters.

30、Cloud computing is believed to be effective in decreasing the cost in computation, applications of IT companies.

31、In the cloud computing models, there is no need to worry about privacy and information security.

32、Cloud computing is worth exploring with more benefits than drawbacks.

33、AI helps reinventors introduce new products, discover new opportunities, increase risk and reduce revenue.

34、Gathering data about online shopping habits is difficult, but in-store behavior is easy to quantify.

35、The traditional approach to programmable computing cannot process the degree and kind of data needed to fulfil the true promise of IoT.

36、As AI is a branch of computer science, it is left unaffected by today’s technology.

37、Although Artificial Intelligence has been growing dramatically, it will not spread in the technologically relevant areas where nobody has imagined it to be.

38、The application of Artificial Intelligence in the entertainment industry is very common now.

39、The scale of big datasets may be different from organization to organization.

40、Big data systems only handle useful data from internal systems.

主观题

1、请写一篇个人感想,包括但不限于以下几方面内容: 1. 学习这门课程的收获(Gains) 2. 学习这门课程遇到的问题(Problems) 3. 对这门课程的建议和想法(Suggestions) 要求: 中英文皆可,字数300-500左右。