Chapter 1 The English Language Today (英语现状)

单元测验1---英语变体知多少

1、您学了 _____ 年英语。
    A、10年以下
    B、10年以上15年以下
    C、15年以上20年以下
    D、20年以上

2、我了解英国英语和美国英语的差别。
    A、完全不符合
    B、不符合
    C、符合
    D、非常符合

3、除了英国英语和美国英语,我还知道其他的英语变体。
    A、完全不符合
    B、不符合
    C、符合
    D、非常符合

4、我希望自己能拥有完美的英国英语或美国英语口音。
    A、完全不符合
    B、不符合
    C、符合
    D、非常符合

5、英国英语和美国英语没有优劣之分。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

6、除了英国和美国,其他以英语为官方语言的国家所使用的英语也是标准的。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

7、在英语听力考试中,不应该出现英国英语和美国英语以外的其他英语口音。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

8、在英语口语考试中,带有中国特点的英语口音,只要不影响理解,不应该被扣分。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

9、中国英语(带有中国特点的英语),和英国英语、美国英语一样,是确实存在的英语变体。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

10、我们应该 _____ 带有中国特点的英语(中国英语)。
    A、拒绝
    B、接受
    C、鼓励
    D、推广

11、作为英语学习者,我们有必要了解世界上的各种英语变体。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

12、您的性别是 _____。

13、您的年龄是 _____ 岁。

14、您的专业是 _____。

15、您已参加过的英语考试名称及分数(可填写多门考试,如高考、四六级、雅思、托福等):_____,_____。

16、你在上这门课之前接触过不同的英语变体(如英国英语、印度英语、日本英语等等)吗?请把你接触过的英语变体罗列出来。

作业1

1、请听录音两遍并回答以下问题。在答题区域回答问题时,请在每题的答案前标清题号。 (1) Why was Sarah pleased to start the new job? (2) What was the storyteller's opinion of the treatment cost for Comma? (3) Why was Sarah surprised by Comma's disease? (4) What did Sarah think of the treatment course for Comma? (5) Why did the owner of Comma consider that the price for Comma's cure was acceptable? (6) What is 'Comma'?

2、请听录音两遍并回答以下问题。在答题区域回答问题时,请在每题的答案前标清题号。 (1) Why was Comma's disease surprising? (2) From the viewpoint of Mrs. Harrison, why was the price for curing Comma fair? (3) Why was Sarah happy for getting the new job? (4) What does 'Comma' refer to in this recording? (5) What did the storyteller think of the price for Comma's cure? (6) What was Sarah's view of Comma's treatment course?

3、请听录音两遍并回答以下问题。在答题区域回答问题时,请在每题的答案前标清题号。 (1) Why was Comma's disease unusual? (2) Sarah felt happy to start her new job, why? (3) What is the referent of 'Comma' in this recording? (4) What did the storyteller think of the treatment cost for Comma? (5) According to Sarah, how was Comma's treatment course? (6) What is the reason for Mrs. Harrison's thinking that the treatment cost for Comma is justified and acceptable?

4、请听录音两遍并回答以下问题。在答题区域回答问题时,请在每题的答案前标清题号。 (1) Why did the disease of Comma appear as a surprise for Sarah? (2) Why did Sarah like her new job? (3) How did Sarah like the treatment course for Comma? (4) What kind of animal is 'Comma'? (5) What was the storyteller's view of the price for Comma's cure? (6) Why did Mrs. Harrison think that the treatment cost for Comma was fair?

5、请听录音两遍并回答以下问题。在答题区域回答问题时,请在每题的答案前标清题号。 (1) Why did Sarah prefer her new job to the old one? (2) Which type of animal is 'Comma'? (3) What was the storyteller's view of Comma's treatment cost? (4) Mrs. Harrison, the owner of Comma, believed that the price for Comma's cure, being several times the cost of penicillin, was justified, why? (5) How did Sarah perceive the treatment course for Comma? (6) Why was Comma's disease unexpected?

6、请听录音两遍并回答以下问题。在答题区域回答问题时,请在每题的答案前标清题号。 (1) What are the advantages of Sarah's new job in comparison with her old one? (2) Comma, the animal treated by Sarah, what is it? (3) Why did Mrs. Harrison think that the price for Comma's cure was fair? (4) What was Sarah's perception of Comma's treatment course? (5) The disease that Comma was suffering from was surprising, why? (6) How did the storyteller like the treatment cost for Comma?

Chapter 2 The History of English (英语发展史)

单元测验2---英语发展史

1、Which language family does English belong to?
    A、Sino-Tibetan
    B、Indo-European
    C、Altaic
    D、Ural

2、English is a ( ) language.
    A、Germanic
    B、Slavic
    C、Roman
    D、Baltic

3、Which event marks the entering of the Modern Era in the history of English?
    A、Viking Invasions
    B、Norman Conquest
    C、The Renaissance
    D、When different varieties of English have emerged

4、What languages influenced English vocabulary during the Old English period?
    A、Latin and French
    B、Latin and Old Norse
    C、French and Greek
    D、Greek and Old Norse

5、Who is the most important literary figure during the Middle English period?
    A、Beowulf
    B、King James
    C、Shakespeare
    D、Chaucer

6、In Modern English, the letter “a” has only one pronunciation, that is /a/.

7、Old English is an inflected language.

8、The stage of Middle English period lasted for about 200 years.

9、/ʃ/ and /ʒ/ did not exist in Middle English.

10、The greatest influence on Middle English vocabulary is from Latin.

作业2

1、完形填空(请听录音一次,完成填空,每空一词。在答题区域作答时,请在每空的答案前注明编号。) Well, here’ s a story for you: Sarah Perry was a veterinary __1__ who had been working daily at an old zoo in a deserted district of the territory, so she was very happy to start a new __2__ at a superb private practice in North Square near the Duke Street Tower. That area was much nearer for her and more to her liking. __3__ so, on her first morning, she felt stressed. She ate a bowl of porridge, checked herself in the mirror and washed her face in a __4__. Then she put on a plain yellow dress and a fleece jacket, picked up her kit and headed for work. When she got there, there __5__ a woman with a goose waiting for her. The woman gave Sarah an official letter from the vet. The letter implied that the animal could be __6__ from a rare form of foot and mouth disease, which was surprising, because normally you would only expect to see it in a dog or a __7__. Sarah was sentimental, so this made her feel sorry for the beautiful bird. Before long, that itchy goose began to strut around the __8__ like a lunatic, which made an unsanitary mess. The goose’ s owner, Mary Harrison, kept calling, “Comma, Comma,” which Sarah thought was an odd __9__ for a name. Comma was strong and huge, so it would take some force to trap her, but Sarah had a different idea. First she __10__ gently stroking the goose’s lower back with her palm, then singing a tune to her. Finally, she administered ether. Her efforts were not __11__. In no time, the goose began to tire, so Sarah was able to hold onto Comma and give her a relaxing bath. Once Sarah had __12__ to bathe the goose, she wiped her off with a cloth and laid her on her right side. Then Sarah confirmed the vet’s diagnosis. __13__ immediately, she remembered an effective treatment that required her to measure out a lot of medicine. Sarah warned that this course of treatment might be __14__—either five or six times the cost of penicillin. I can’t imagine paying so much, but Mrs. Harrison—a millionaire lawyer—thought it was a __15__ price for a cure.

2、完形填空(请听录音一次,完成填空,每空一词。在答题区域作答时,请在每空的答案前注明编号。) Well, here’ s a story for you: Sarah Perry was a veterinary __1__ who had been working daily at an old zoo in a deserted district of the territory, so she was very happy to start a new __2__ at a superb private practice in North Square near the Duke Street Tower. That area was much nearer for her and more to her liking. __3__ so, on her first morning, she felt stressed. She ate a bowl of porridge, checked herself in the mirror and washed her face in a __4__. Then she put on a plain yellow dress and a fleece jacket, picked up her kit and headed for work. When she got there, there __5__ a woman with a goose waiting for her. The woman gave Sarah an official letter from the vet. The letter implied that the animal could be __6__ from a rare form of foot and mouth disease, which was surprising, because normally you would only expect to see it in a dog or a __7__. Sarah was sentimental, so this made her feel sorry for the beautiful bird. Before long, that itchy goose began to strut around the __8__ like a lunatic, which made an unsanitary mess. The goose’ s owner, Mary Harrison, kept calling, “Comma, Comma,” which Sarah thought was an odd __9__ for a name. Comma was strong and huge, so it would take some force to trap her, but Sarah had a different idea. First she __10__ gently stroking the goose’s lower back with her palm, then singing a tune to her. Finally, she administered ether. Her efforts were not __11__. In no time, the goose began to tire, so Sarah was able to hold onto Comma and give her a relaxing bath. Once Sarah had __12__ to bathe the goose, she wiped her off with a cloth and laid her on her right side. Then Sarah confirmed the vet’s diagnosis. __13__ immediately, she remembered an effective treatment that required her to measure out a lot of medicine. Sarah warned that this course of treatment might be __14__—either five or six times the cost of penicillin. I can’t imagine paying so much, but Mrs. Harrison—a millionaire lawyer—thought it was a __15__ price for a cure.

3、完形填空(请听录音一次,完成填空,每空一词。在答题区域作答时,请在每空的答案前注明编号。) Well, here’ s a story for you: Sarah Perry was a veterinary __1__ who had been working daily at an old zoo in a deserted district of the territory, so she was very happy to start a new __2__ at a superb private practice in North Square near the Duke Street Tower. That area was much nearer for her and more to her liking. __3__ so, on her first morning, she felt stressed. She ate a bowl of porridge, checked herself in the mirror and washed her face in a __4__. Then she put on a plain yellow dress and a fleece jacket, picked up her kit and headed for work. When she got there, there __5__ a woman with a goose waiting for her. The woman gave Sarah an official letter from the vet. The letter implied that the animal could be __6__ from a rare form of foot and mouth disease, which was surprising, because normally you would only expect to see it in a dog or a __7__. Sarah was sentimental, so this made her feel sorry for the beautiful bird. Before long, that itchy goose began to strut around the __8__ like a lunatic, which made an unsanitary mess. The goose’ s owner, Mary Harrison, kept calling, “Comma, Comma,” which Sarah thought was an odd __9__ for a name. Comma was strong and huge, so it would take some force to trap her, but Sarah had a different idea. First she __10__ gently stroking the goose’s lower back with her palm, then singing a tune to her. Finally, she administered ether. Her efforts were not __11__. In no time, the goose began to tire, so Sarah was able to hold onto Comma and give her a relaxing bath. Once Sarah had __12__ to bathe the goose, she wiped her off with a cloth and laid her on her right side. Then Sarah confirmed the vet’s diagnosis. __13__ immediately, she remembered an effective treatment that required her to measure out a lot of medicine. Sarah warned that this course of treatment might be __14__—either five or six times the cost of penicillin. I can’t imagine paying so much, but Mrs. Harrison—a millionaire lawyer—thought it was a __15__ price for a cure.

4、完形填空(请听录音一次,完成填空,每空一词。在答题区域作答时,请在每空的答案前注明编号。) Well, here’ s a story for you: Sarah Perry was a veterinary __1__ who had been working daily at an old zoo in a deserted district of the territory, so she was very happy to start a new __2__ at a superb private practice in North Square near the Duke Street Tower. That area was much nearer for her and more to her liking. __3__ so, on her first morning, she felt stressed. She ate a bowl of porridge, checked herself in the mirror and washed her face in a __4__. Then she put on a plain yellow dress and a fleece jacket, picked up her kit and headed for work. When she got there, there __5__ a woman with a goose waiting for her. The woman gave Sarah an official letter from the vet. The letter implied that the animal could be __6__ from a rare form of foot and mouth disease, which was surprising, because normally you would only expect to see it in a dog or a __7__. Sarah was sentimental, so this made her feel sorry for the beautiful bird. Before long, that itchy goose began to strut around the __8__ like a lunatic, which made an unsanitary mess. The goose’ s owner, Mary Harrison, kept calling, “Comma, Comma,” which Sarah thought was an odd __9__ for a name. Comma was strong and huge, so it would take some force to trap her, but Sarah had a different idea. First she __10__ gently stroking the goose’s lower back with her palm, then singing a tune to her. Finally, she administered ether. Her efforts were not __11__. In no time, the goose began to tire, so Sarah was able to hold onto Comma and give her a relaxing bath. Once Sarah had __12__ to bathe the goose, she wiped her off with a cloth and laid her on her right side. Then Sarah confirmed the vet’s diagnosis. __13__ immediately, she remembered an effective treatment that required her to measure out a lot of medicine. Sarah warned that this course of treatment might be __14__—either five or six times the cost of penicillin. I can’t imagine paying so much, but Mrs. Harrison—a millionaire lawyer—thought it was a __15__ price for a cure.

5、完形填空(请听录音一次,完成填空,每空一词。在答题区域作答时,请在每空的答案前注明编号。) Well, here’ s a story for you: Sarah Perry was a veterinary __1__ who had been working daily at an old zoo in a deserted district of the territory, so she was very happy to start a new __2__ at a superb private practice in North Square near the Duke Street Tower. That area was much nearer for her and more to her liking. __3__ so, on her first morning, she felt stressed. She ate a bowl of porridge, checked herself in the mirror and washed her face in a __4__. Then she put on a plain yellow dress and a fleece jacket, picked up her kit and headed for work. When she got there, there __5__ a woman with a goose waiting for her. The woman gave Sarah an official letter from the vet. The letter implied that the animal could be __6__ from a rare form of foot and mouth disease, which was surprising, because normally you would only expect to see it in a dog or a __7__. Sarah was sentimental, so this made her feel sorry for the beautiful bird. Before long, that itchy goose began to strut around the __8__ like a lunatic, which made an unsanitary mess. The goose’ s owner, Mary Harrison, kept calling, “Comma, Comma,” which Sarah thought was an odd __9__ for a name. Comma was strong and huge, so it would take some force to trap her, but Sarah had a different idea. First she __10__ gently stroking the goose’s lower back with her palm, then singing a tune to her. Finally, she administered ether. Her efforts were not __11__. In no time, the goose began to tire, so Sarah was able to hold onto Comma and give her a relaxing bath. Once Sarah had __12__ to bathe the goose, she wiped her off with a cloth and laid her on her right side. Then Sarah confirmed the vet’s diagnosis. __13__ immediately, she remembered an effective treatment that required her to measure out a lot of medicine. Sarah warned that this course of treatment might be __14__—either five or six times the cost of penicillin. I can’t imagine paying so much, but Mrs. Harrison—a millionaire lawyer—thought it was a __15__ price for a cure.

6、完形填空(请听录音一次,完成填空,每空一词。在答题区域作答时,请在每空的答案前注明编号。) Well, here’ s a story for you: Sarah Perry was a veterinary __1__ who had been working daily at an old zoo in a deserted district of the territory, so she was very happy to start a new __2__ at a superb private practice in North Square near the Duke Street Tower. That area was much nearer for her and more to her liking. __3__ so, on her first morning, she felt stressed. She ate a bowl of porridge, checked herself in the mirror and washed her face in a __4__. Then she put on a plain yellow dress and a fleece jacket, picked up her kit and headed for work. When she got there, there __5__ a woman with a goose waiting for her. The woman gave Sarah an official letter from the vet. The letter implied that the animal could be __6__ from a rare form of foot and mouth disease, which was surprising, because normally you would only expect to see it in a dog or a __7__. Sarah was sentimental, so this made her feel sorry for the beautiful bird. Before long, that itchy goose began to strut around the __8__ like a lunatic, which made an unsanitary mess. The goose’ s owner, Mary Harrison, kept calling, “Comma, Comma,” which Sarah thought was an odd __9__ for a name. Comma was strong and huge, so it would take some force to trap her, but Sarah had a different idea. First she __10__ gently stroking the goose’s lower back with her palm, then singing a tune to her. Finally, she administered ether. Her efforts were not __11__. In no time, the goose began to tire, so Sarah was able to hold onto Comma and give her a relaxing bath. Once Sarah had __12__ to bathe the goose, she wiped her off with a cloth and laid her on her right side. Then Sarah confirmed the vet’s diagnosis. __13__ immediately, she remembered an effective treatment that required her to measure out a lot of medicine. Sarah warned that this course of treatment might be __14__—either five or six times the cost of penicillin. I can’t imagine paying so much, but Mrs. Harrison—a millionaire lawyer—thought it was a __15__ price for a cure.

Chapter 3 Modern British English (现代英国英语)

单元测验3

1、/e/ is a ( ) vowel.
    A、low back rounded lax
    B、high front unrounded tense
    C、mid front unrounded lax
    D、mid central unrounded lax

2、Which of the following consonants is not a fricative?
    A、/θ/
    B、/tʃ/
    C、/f/
    D、/h/

3、Which of the following sounds in RP is often pronounced /əɪ/ in Cockney English?
    A、/a/
    B、/i:/
    C、/e/
    D、/aɪ/

4、What does “dinnae” mean in Scottish English?
    A、don’t
    B、can’t
    C、won’t
    D、dinner

5、What’s the common feature of Scottish, Welsh and Irish English?
    A、There is no /v/ sound.
    B、The dental fricative /ð/ is pronounced as /d/.
    C、The voiceless velar fricative /x/ is kept.
    D、Post-vocalic “r” is pronounced.

6、More than 10 percent of the British people are RP speakers.

7、The two major types of variation in British English are social variations and regional variations.

8、In Northern England, there is a tendency to distinguish between /æ/ and /ɑ:/ sounds.

9、Among the 20 vowels in RP, there are 12 pure vowels and 8 diphthongs.

10、In Cockney English, /θ/ and /ð/ are often pronounced as /f/ and /v/ respectively.

Chapter 4 North American English (北美英语:美国和加拿大英语)

单元测验4

1、Generally speaking, which of the following dialects in the United States is close to RP?
    A、New England Dialect
    B、General American
    C、Southern American English
    D、African American English

2、What does “Yall” mean in Southern American English?
    A、all
    B、you guys
    C、about to
    D、yeah

3、Which of the following English variations is non-rhotic?
    A、GA
    B、Welsh English
    C、Irish English
    D、African American English

4、What does “cheese” mean in African American English?
    A、cake
    B、money
    C、water
    D、fake

5、The most typical Canadian feature of pronunciation is ( ).
    A、“Southern Drawl”
    B、“lower” class speech
    C、“vowel reduction”
    D、“Canadian raising”

6、In African American English, dental fricatives, that is, /θ/ and /ð/ are often pronounced as /f/ and /d/, respectively.

7、In African American English, double and triple negatives are often used for dramatic emphasis.

8、The diphthongs /ɪr, εr, ur/ in RP sound like /ɪə, εə ,uə/ in GA.

9、The counterpart of “flashlight” in British English is ‘torch’.

10、For the quotation marks, BrE uses double and AmE uses a single mark.

Chapter 5 Australian English (澳大利亚英语)

单元测验5

1、Which circle does Australian English belong to according to Kachru's (1985) "Three Concentric Circles" theory?
    A、The Expanding Circle
    B、The Outer Circle
    C、The Inner Circle
    D、The Inside Circle

2、Before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by ( ).
    A、indigenous Australians
    B、Americans
    C、Europeans
    D、South Africans

3、Which social variety of Australian English is most frequently and widely spoken in Australia?
    A、Broad Australian
    B、Cultivated Australian
    C、General Australian
    D、Received Pronunciation

4、How is the word "tea" pronounced in Broad and General Australian English?
    A、/ti:/
    B、/teɪ/
    C、/təɪ/
    D、/tɪə/

5、What does the word "koori" mean in Australian English?
    A、a dance ceremony
    B、a temporary dwelling
    C、an aboriginal person
    D、a parrot

6、Australian English accent displays the influence of Cockney English and Irish English.

7、Cultivated Australian is spoken on informal occasions and in colloquial speech.

8、Australian English tends to use a rising intonation in utterances where a falling intonation would be used in both RP and GA.

9、Australians typically greet people by saying “How are you?”

10、In Australia, "to go bush" means to go into the countryside.

Chapter 8 Indian English (印度英语)

单元测验8

1、According to Kachru’s (1985) model of “Three Concentric Circles”, which circle does Indian English belong to?
    A、The Outer Circle
    B、The Expanding Circle
    C、The Inner Circle
    D、The Outside Circle

2、The words “three” and “those” are pronounced as ( ) respectively in Indian English.
    A、/θri:/ and /ðəʊz/
    B、/tri:/ and /dəʊz/
    C、/sri:/ and /zəʊz/
    D、/frɪ:/ and /vəʊz/

3、How is the word “game” pronounced in Indian English accent?
    A、/ɡeɪm/
    B、/ɡem/
    C、/ɡe:m/
    D、/ɡaɪm/

4、What does the phrase “to sit on someone’s neck” mean in Indian English?
    A、to sit on the neck of someone else
    B、to watch or supervise somebody carefully
    C、to be very proud
    D、to rely on somebody

5、Which one of the following sentences is representative of Indian English?
    A、Lily has two books.
    B、Lily have two books.
    C、Lily is having two books.
    D、Lily have had two books.

6、English is an “associate official language” in India, alongside Hindi, the official language.

7、The consonants /t/ and /d/ are pronounced as retroflex sounds in Indian English.

8、There is a /v/-/w/ merging in Indian English. When Indian people say the word “vine”, it sounds like “wine”.

9、The loanwords of Indian English are borrowings from local languages.

10、A “match box” in Indian English refers to a box full of matches.

Chapter 9 Singaporean English (新加坡英语)

单元测验9

1、According to Professor Kachru's "Three Concentric Circles" model, which circle does Singaporean English belong to?
    A、Inner Circle
    B、Outer Circle
    C、Expanding Circle
    D、None of the Circles

2、Which one is the largest ethnic group in Singapore?
    A、Indian
    B、Malay
    C、Chinese
    D、Others

3、In Singaporean English, dental fricatives /θ/ and /ð/ tend to be pronounced as
    A、/t/ and /d/
    B、/s/ and /z/
    C、/θ/ and /ð/
    D、/ʃ/ and /ʒ/

4、In Singaporean English, the stress pattern of the word “competition” would be like
    A、'competition
    B、com'petition
    C、compe'tition
    D、competi'tion

5、In the following, which word is a loanword?
    A、angpow
    B、Crocodile
    C、Dadah addict
    D、offs

6、There are four official languages in Singapore.

7、In terms of rhoticity, Singaporean English is rhotic.

8、The word “day” would be pronounced as /daɪ/ in Singaporean English.

9、Code-switching is the use of different languages or varieties inter-sententially.

10、Singaporean government generally holds a positive attitude towards Singlish.

Chapter 11 Japanese English (日本英语)

单元测验11

1、According to Professor Kachru’s “Three Concentric Circles” model, which circle does Japanese English belong to?
    A、Inner Circle
    B、Outer Circle
    C、Expanding Circle
    D、None of the Circles

2、Which language family does Japanese belong to?
    A、Sino-Tibetan
    B、Indo-European
    C、Dravidian
    D、Ural-Altaic

3、In the following, which one does not belong to the Japanese writing system?
    A、Kanji
    B、Kango
    C、Kana
    D、Romanji

4、The consonant /v/ would be pronounced as ( ) in Japanese English.
    A、/v/
    B、/f/
    C、/b/
    D、None of the above

5、Which type of English words does the word “geisha” belong to?
    A、Loanwords
    B、Loan translations
    C、Idioms
    D、Innovations

6、Japanese is the official language in Japan.

7、Kango are native Japanese words.

8、Many Japanese people could not make a distinction between /l/ and /r/.

9、The word “bird” would be pronounced as /bɜːd/ in Japanese English.

10、Japanese people often use "per a bottle" instead of "per bottle" or "a bottle".

Chapter 12 China English (中国英语)

单元测验12

1、According to the “Three Concentric Circles” model, which circle does China English belong to?
    A、Inner Circle
    B、Outer Circle
    C、Expanding Circle
    D、None of the Circles

2、Which language family does Chinese belong to?
    A、Indo-European
    B、Sino-Tibetan
    C、Ural-Altaic
    D、Dravidian

3、It is generally believed that the teaching of English in China began with the establishment of ( ).
    A、Tong Wen Guan in Guangzhou
    B、Tong Wen Guan in Shanghai
    C、Ziqiang Xuetang in Wuhan
    D、Tong Wen Guan in Beijing

4、The consonant /θ/ tends to be pronounced as ( ) in China English.
    A、/z/
    B、/θ/
    C、/s/
    D、/ð/

5、Which type of English words does the word “four modernizations” belong to?
    A、Loanwords
    B、Hybrids
    C、Idioms
    D、Loan translations

6、The consonant /v/ is often pronounced as /w/ in China English.

7、There is no clear evidence of regional variation within China English.

8、“China English” is a term used (often pejoratively) about substandard forms of English encountered in China.

9、“Please take good personal luggage” is an example of Chinglish.

10、Chinglish is well recognized by native speakers of English.

期末考试

《世界英语概览》期末考试202012

1、According to the “Three Concentric Circles” model, which circle does China English belong to?
    A、The Outer Circle
    B、The Expanding Circle
    C、The Inner Circle
    D、None of the Circles

2、According to the “Three Concentric Circles” model, which circle does Australian English belong to?
    A、The Expanding Circle
    B、The Outer Circle
    C、The Inner Circle
    D、None of the Circles

3、According to Kachru’s (1985) model of “Three Concentric Circles”, which circle does Indian English belong to?
    A、The Expanding Circle
    B、The Inner Circle
    C、The Outer Circle
    D、None of the Circles

4、What does “Yall” mean in Southern American English?
    A、You guys
    B、All
    C、About to
    D、Yeah

5、Which language family does English belong to?
    A、Ural
    B、Sino-Tibetan
    C、Altaic
    D、Indo-European

6、Which of the following sounds in RP is often pronounced /əɪ/ in Cockney English?
    A、/aɪ/
    B、/e/
    C、/a/
    D、/i:/

7、Which event marks the entering of the Modern Era in the history of English?
    A、The Renaissance
    B、When different varieties of English have emerged
    C、Norman Conquest
    D、Viking Invasions

8、What’s the common feature of Scottish, Welsh and Irish English?
    A、The dental fricative /ð/ is pronounced as /d/.
    B、Post-vocalic “r” is pronounced.
    C、The voiceless velar fricative /x/ is kept.
    D、There is no /v/ sound.

9、Generally speaking, which of the following dialects in the United States is close to RP?
    A、African American English
    B、New England Dialect
    C、Southern American English
    D、General American

10、( ) is the second largest ethnic group in Singapore.
    A、Chinese
    B、Malay
    C、Indian
    D、Others

11、The consonant /v/ would be pronounced as ( ) in Japanese English.
    A、/v/
    B、/b/
    C、/f/
    D、None of the above

12、Which type of English words does the word “four modernizations” belong to?
    A、Loanwords
    B、Loan translations
    C、Idioms
    D、Hybrids

13、Which type of English words does the word “geisha” belong to?
    A、Loanwords
    B、Loan translations
    C、Idioms
    D、Innovations

14、In Singaporean English, the stress pattern of the word “competition” would be like
    A、competi'tion
    B、compe'tition
    C、com'petition
    D、'competition

15、Which one of the following sentences is representative of Indian English?
    A、Lily has two books.
    B、Lily have two books.
    C、Lily have had two books.
    D、Lily is having two books.

16、What does the word “koori” mean in Australian English?
    A、a parrot
    B、an aboriginal person
    C、a dance ceremony
    D、a temporary dwelling

17、The most typical Canadian feature of pronunciation is ( ).
    A、“Southern Drawl”
    B、“lower” class speech
    C、“Canadian raising”
    D、“vowel reduction”

18、What does “dinnae” mean in Scottish English?
    A、won’t
    B、dinner
    C、can’t
    D、don’t

19、What does the word “boot” sound like in Broad and General Australian English?
    A、/bu:t/
    B、/bəut/
    C、/bu:/
    D、/bo:t/

20、What does the phrase “to sit on someone’s neck” mean in Indian English?
    A、to watch or supervise somebody carefully
    B、to sit on the neck of someone else
    C、to be very proud
    D、to rely on somebody

21、What are the three social varieties of Australian English?
    A、Cultivated Australian
    B、Private Australian
    C、General Australian
    D、Broad Australian

22、Which of the following words originate from Japanese?
    A、sushi
    B、karaoke
    C、bonsai
    D、typhoon

23、Which English accents tend to be rhotic?
    A、African American English
    B、Indian English
    C、Singaporean English
    D、General American (GA)

24、Could you find out the words with an /aɪ/ sound in the following sentence read in Cockney English? The rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain.
    A、rain
    B、Spain
    C、stays
    D、mainly; plain

25、According to Kachru’s (1985) model of “Three Concentric Circles”, the Expanding Circle includes:
    A、New Zealand
    B、Japan
    C、Singapore
    D、China

26、Since the 1950s, English has become a “world language”.

27、During the Queen Elizabeth 1st ’s reign, the number of English speakers as first language was 5 to 7 billion.

28、In Modern English, the letter “a” has only one pronunciation, that is, /a/.

29、The greatest influence on Middle English vocabulary is from Latin.

30、The two major types of British English variations are social variations and regional variations.

31、In Cockney English, /θ/ and /ð/ are often pronounced as /f/ and /v/ respectively.

32、Sixty percent of the population of England are RP speakers.

33、The diphthongs /ɪr, εr, ur/ in RP sound like /ɪə, εə ,uə/ in GA.

34、The counterpart of “flashlight” in British English is “torch”.

35、“Cheese” means “cake” in African American English.

36、In Australia, "to go bush" means to go into the countryside.

37、The word "tea" is pronounced /ti:/ in Broad and General Australian English accents.

38、The words “three” and “those” are pronounced as /θri:/ and /ðəʊz/ respectively in Indian English.

39、The loanwords of Indian English are borrowings from local languages.

40、Malay is the largest ethnic group in Singapore.

41、Code-switching is the use of different languages or varieties inter-sententially.

42、Japanese people often use "per a bottle" instead of "per bottle" or "a bottle".

43、Many Japanese people could not make a distinction between /l/ and /r/.

44、It is generally believed that the teaching of English in China began with the establishment of Tong Wen Guan in Shanghai.

45、“Please take good personal luggage” is an example of Chinglish.

《世界英语概览》课后调查问卷

《世界英语概览》课后调查问卷 Part 1

1、学完《世界英语概览》课程之后,我进一步了解了不同英语变体之间的差异。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

2、只有美国英语和英国英语是合法的英语变体。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

3、我认为在说英语时听起来一定要像英国人或美国人。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

4、不同的英语变体没有优劣之分。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

5、除了英语本族语者的英语(如美国英语和英国英语),以英语为官方语言的国家(如新加坡和印度)的人所说的英语也是标准的。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

6、在中国的英语教学中应该出现除了英国英语和美国英语之外的其他英语变体。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

7、在英语口语测试中,带有中国口音的英语在不影响理解的情况下,不应该被扣分。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

8、在英语听力测试中,应当出现除了英国英语口音和美国英语口音之外的其他英语口音。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

9、在英语阅读理解测试中,应当出现除了英国作者和美国作者之外的其他国家作者的文章。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

10、在英语写作测试中,带有中国特点的表达,只要不影响理解,不应该被扣分。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

11、我们应该______中国英语。
    A、拒绝
    B、接受
    C、鼓励
    D、推广

12、学完《世界英语概览》课程后,我更愿意和来自不同文化背景的人交流。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

13、学习《世界英语概览》课程改变了我对其他英语口音(如日本英语口音等)的态度。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

14、学习《世界英语概览》课程提高了我的跨文化交流能力。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

15、学完《世界英语概览》课程后,我更有信心和来自不同文化背景的人交流。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

16、学习《世界英语概览》课程让我对自己的英语口音变得自信了。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

17、我喜欢学习《世界英语概览》课程。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

18、《世界英语概览》课程让我受益匪浅。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

19、学习《世界英语概览》课程后,我的英语综合能力提升了。
    A、完全不赞同
    B、不赞同
    C、赞同
    D、非常赞同

20、你觉得以下哪类英语变体最好理解?
    A、延伸圈英语变体(如日本、法国英语)
    B、内圈英语变体(如英国、美国英语)
    C、外圈英语变体(如印度、新加坡英语)
    D、不确定

《世界英语概览》课后调查问卷 Part 2

1、学完《世界英语概览》课程后,你觉得你的英语发音有提升吗?你对英语语音有没有什么新的看法?比如,你认为好的英语发音是什么样的?

2、请谈谈你对《世界英语概览》课程的感受。例如,你觉得这门课传授知识的方式和效果如何?和其他形式的授课方式(如直播课、线下教学)相比,有什么优点和缺点?你更喜欢哪一种?

3、你对《世界英语概览》课程有什么建议吗?你的建议将帮助我们进一步完善课程,提高课程授课效果。非常感谢你的参与和宝贵意见!