前言 《英语国家概况》课程简介

前言随堂测验

1、What is a baby shower ? It’s a ______.
    A、party for a woman who is going to have a baby
    B、place where babies are washed
    C、small amount of rain
    D、a party for a lot of babies

2、At a garage sale you can buy ________.
    A、automobile parts
    B、many different things.
    C、garages
    D、cars

3、People with spring fever _______.
    A、need a medical doctor
    B、need aspirin and bed rest
    C、need a vacation
    D、need go to the hospital

4、When a friend invites you to a potluck dinner, you bring _______.
    A、food
    B、flowers
    C、a present
    D、a pot

5、What is not filial piety?
    A、Cutting the mountain in half to save the mother.
    B、Lambs kneel under their mothers while being fed.
    C、Peaches and plums do not have to talk, yet the world beats a path to them.
    D、Don't make parents angry.

第一章 英语国家节日概况

第一节 感恩节和圣诞节随堂测验

1、Who helped feed and safeguard the newcomers during their first year in America?
    A、Maoris
    B、Indians
    C、Eskimos
    D、Candians

2、Which is not the typical competition in the celebration of Thanksgiving?
    A、Linking cranberries
    B、Rolling pumpkins
    C、Apple bobbing
    D、Pealing corns

3、Decorating Christmas trees originated from the old Germanic Tribe tradition of worshiping______.
    A、Maples
    B、Pine trees
    C、Spruces
    D、Oak trees

4、It is said the naughty children will get______from Santa Claus.
    A、A bag of chocolate
    B、A bag of candies
    C、A bag of coal
    D、A bag of stones

5、Which is not the typical activity for Christmas?
    A、Parading
    B、Exchanging gifts
    C、Having a feast with Family
    D、Singing carols

6、Thanksgiving is mainly celebrated in USA and Great Britain.

7、The first settlers in America were Christians from England.

8、The custom of Thanksgiving parade is originated from Macy's tradition.

9、Jingle Bells is originally created for Christmas.

10、The most solemn activity for Christmas is singing carols.

第二节 万圣节和复活节随堂测验

1、Halloween is originally a(n)______festival.
    A、American
    B、Celtic
    C、German
    D、English

2、Which is not the typical image for Halloween costumes?
    A、Vampires
    B、Woolves
    C、Black cats
    D、Witches

3、Which is not the typical activity for Halloween?
    A、Apple bobbing
    B、Divination
    C、Rolling pumpkins
    D、Telling ghost stories

4、______is the symbols of the Resurrection new life.
    A、Bunny
    B、Goddess
    C、Hot cross buns
    D、Egg

5、Easter bunny is_______custom.
    A、Roman
    B、Jewish
    C、Protestant
    D、Catholic

6、People dress up in costumes to disguise themselves to avoid harm from harmful spirits.

7、Children's favorite for Halloween is "trick or treat" becasue they can get candies by threatening to play tricks.

8、Easter is to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus Christ on the day after his Crucifixion.

9、Easter is celebrated on a fixed day every year.

10、The week before Easter is called Holy Week.

第二章 英国国家概况

第一节 英国地理随堂测验

1、The highest mountain peak in Britain is in ____.
    A、England
    B、Scotland
    C、Wales
    D、Northern Ireland

2、The longest river in Britain is the ____.
    A、Severn
    B、Mersey
    C、Thames
    D、Humber

3、The largest lake in the UK is located in ____.
    A、England
    B、Scotland
    C、Wales
    D、Northern Ireland

4、The Lake District is well-known for ____.
    A、its wild and beautiful scenery
    B、its varied lakes
    C、the lake poets
    D、all of the above

5、Which of the following is NOT the feature of British climate?
    A、coldness
    B、more rainy days
    C、changeability
    D、more fogs

6、Britain's longest river is the Thames.

7、Wales lies on the east coast of the island of Great Britain.

8、The United Kingdom and Northern Island is located in northern Europe.

9、Britain is separated from the rest of Europe by the English Channel in the south and the North Sea in the east.

10、The regional capital of Northern Ireland is Edinburgh.

第二节 英国历史1随堂测验

1、In the late ____ century the Danes or Scandinavians began to attach the English coast.
    A、6th
    B、7th
    C、8th
    D、9th

2、The new aristocracy had appeared by _____ century in Britain.
    A、9th
    B、10th
    C、11th
    D、12th

3、The earliest settlers on the British Islands were_____.
    A、Iberians
    B、Celts
    C、Romans
    D、Vikings

4、In early Saxon England, the main classed of people were ________.
    A、noblemen
    B、freemen
    C、slaves
    D、all of the above

5、The successful Roman invasion took place in 43 AD, headed by the Emperor Julius Caesar.

6、The name "England" derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who came to England in the 5the and 6th centuries.

7、In 1066, Harold and his troops fought against Willam's army on Senlac field near London.

8、King John was forced to sign a very long document named "the Great Charter" in 1215.

9、Domesday Bookis the record of the great survey of much of England and parts of Wales under the reign of William I and was completed in 1086.

第三节 英国历史2 随堂测验

1、King John was forced by the barons to sign the which restricted king's power.
    A、Bill of Rights
    B、Petition of Righ
    C、Provisions of Oxford
    D、Great Charter

2、Who found America first?
    A、Christopher Columbus
    B、Native Americans
    C、Magellan
    D、Marco Polo

3、The reasons of the Decline of British Feudalism are .
    A、Hundred Years’ War
    B、Black Death
    C、Wat Tyler’s Uprising
    D、all of the above

4、Wars of the Roses was a series of civil wars for .
    A、wealth
    B、power
    C、crown
    D、all of the above

5、The 1851 London Great Exposition was held in the Crystal Palace which was designed by Queen 's husband Albert.
    A、Mary
    B、Elizabeth I
    C、Victoria
    D、Anne

6、Wat Tyler’s Uprising met with its failure in the end. But it gave a heavy blow to the nobles and shook the very foundation of the feudal society in Britain.

7、Black Death caused great shortage of labor, thus brought higher wages and greater freedom to the wage labors.

8、Henry VII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church.

9、The persecution of Puritans was one of the reasons of the bourgeois revolution.

10、The First British Civil War was between the King’s men and supporters of Parliament.

第四节 英国历史3 随堂测验

1、The British Prime Minister who led the British to defeat Nazi Germany was Macmillan

2、Enclosure movement was one of the conditions for the Industrial Revolution.

3、The Chartist movement reached its climax in 1839 ~ 1842, and declined after 1848.

4、Plane was invented during British Industrial Revolution.

5、Because of Industrial Revolution, British productivity greatly decreased.

6、England won sea supremacy by defeating the Spanish Armada in 1588.

7、During the process of the Industrial Revolution, a lot of machines were invented.

8、The Chartist Movement was a movement when the workers fought for their Religious rights.

9、The Chartist movement was successful eventually.

10、The Industrial Revolution brought enormous wealth to the bourgeoisie and caused miseries and disasters to the working people.

第五节 英国政治随堂测验

1、Which of the following is not a branch of the British system of parliamentary government?
    A、the Monarch
    B、the House of lords
    C、the House of Commons
    D、the Cabinet

2、Who decides how the Cabinet shall be composed?
    A、the King or Queen
    B、The House of Lords
    C、Prime Minister
    D、The House of Commons

3、In the general election, members of parliament are elected.
    A、650
    B、326
    C、350
    D、600

4、Which one of the following is NOT a qualification that voters of the UK must meet?
    A、18 years old or above
    B、British citizens
    C、Residents in the UK who are citizens of other Commonwealth countries or the Republic of Ireland
    D、Member of either of the two major political Parties

5、Which of the following is NOT related to the Conservative Party?
    A、supports private enterprise and thinks minimal state regulation is needed
    B、accepts the mixed economy
    C、believes in the supervision of industry by the government
    D、believes in a governing class with a natural right and special privileges

6、In the UK, the Monarch is granted the real power of the government.

7、The term of British Parliament is four years.

8、A bill has to be submitted to the lower house for its approval before it becomes law

9、Members of the House of Commons are directly elected by British people

10、The two-party system of the UK has a history of 150 years

第六节 英国教育随堂测验

1、The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge date from the centuries.
    A、12th and 13th
    B、13th and 14th
    C、14th and 15th
    D、15th and 16th

2、are independent schools in Britain.
    A、Comprehensive schools
    B、Grammar schools
    C、Secondary modern schools
    D、Public schools

3、Eton School is a .
    A、Grammar schools
    B、Public schools
    C、Secondary modern schools
    D、Comprehensive schools

4、The usual age for transfer from primary to secondary schools is in England.
    A、11
    B、12
    C、13
    D、14

5、In Britain, education at primary levels emphasizes all the following EXPECT .
    A、reading
    B、writing
    C、arithmetic
    D、science

6、In the Uk, public schhols are public-funded.

7、Universities and higher education colleges in the UK enjoy academic freedom, appoint their own staff, award their own degrees, decide which students to admit and are financially-reliant.

8、In the UK, most undergraduate (bacelor's) degrees take three years to complete.

9、More than 70 British citizens have been awarded the Nobel Prize in science, second only to the United States.

10、The Open University was intended to give opportunities to adults who were unable to take conventional higher education.

第三章 美国国家概况

第一节 美国地理随堂测验

1、The United States of America is the country in the world.
    A、largest
    B、second-largest
    C、third-largest
    D、fourth-largest

2、extend from the northern tip of Maine southwestwards to Alabama.
    A、The Rocky Mountains
    B、The Appalachian Highlands
    C、The Coast Mountains
    D、The Blue Mountains

3、What is the leading commerical crop of the South?
    A、Cotton.
    B、Tobacco.
    C、Sugar cane.
    D、Rice.

4、The smallest state in the United States is .
    A、Washington
    B、Hawaii
    C、Rhode Island
    D、Maryland

5、New England lies in of the United States.
    A、the northern part
    B、the southern part
    C、the northeastern part
    D、the southeastern part

6、The United States stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east.

7、The Mississippi river is the longest river in the United States.

8、New England is sometimes called the birthplace of America.

9、Hawaii has the largest land area of all the states, and Alaska has one of the smallest land areas.

10、There are 50 stars on the flag of the United States.

第二节 美国历史1随堂测验

1、The British established 13 colonies along .
    A、the west coast of North
    B、the west coast of South America
    C、the east coast of North America
    D、the east coast of South America

2、Christopher Columbus was a(n) navigator.
    A、English
    B、French
    C、Italian
    D、Spanish

3、The New World discovered by Columbus was named after _ .
    A、Amerigo Vespucci
    B、Christopher Columbus
    C、Ferdinand Magellan
    D、Marco Polo

4、The earliest British settlement on North America was _ .
    A、Plymouth
    B、Jamestown
    C、Quebec
    D、St. Louis

5、In the 13 colonies, _ people were enslaved.
    A、the native
    B、the Black
    C、the indentured servants
    D、the Dutch

6、Before the War of Independence, there were 13 colonies in North America.

7、The first English colony in the Americas was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607.

8、The Southern Colonies developed a plantation system with the exploitation of slave labor.

9、The Puritans’ first settlement on North America was Jamestown .

10、Maryland was NOT a New England Colony.

第三节 美国历史2 随堂测验

1、The French and Indian War was a war fought between _ .
    A、the French and Indians
    B、the English and Indians
    C、the French and the English
    D、the English and the Spanish

2、The Second Continental Congress was held in _ .
    A、Philadelphia
    B、New York City
    C、Boston
    D、Valley Forge

3、The victory at _ was a turning point of the American War of Independence.
    A、Trenton
    B、Saratoga
    C、Valley Forge
    D、Yorktown

4、The Constitutional Convention was held in _ in May 1787.
    A、Boston
    B、New York
    C、Philadelphia
    D、Washington D. C.

5、_ was known as the “Father of the Constitution”.
    A、George Washington
    B、Thomas Jefferson
    C、Benjamin Franklin
    D、James Madison

6、The United States purchased Louisiana Territory from Spain in 1893.

7、At the end of the American Civil War, the Black people were completely emancipated.

8、The United States and China established diplomatic relations in the year of 1979 .

9、Franklin D. Roosevelt was the president when World War II occured.

10、In the late half of the 19th century, China was the main objective of the US overseas expansion.

第四节 美国人民随堂测验

1、The dominant ethnic group in the United States today is____.
    A、the black people
    B、WASPs
    C、Asian Americans
    D、Hispanics

2、The ___constitute the largest ethnic-racial minority group in the United States.
    A、American Indians
    B、Blacks
    C、Hispanics
    D、Asian Americans

3、Race is different from ethnicity because its basis is ____.
    A、country of origin
    B、religion
    C、language spoken
    D、skin color

4、The ____ are at the bottom of the society in the United States.
    A、Blacks
    B、Hispanics
    C、non –WASPs
    D、Asians

5、People in the US have kept moving westward for reasons except ____.
    A、religious freedom
    B、fertile soil in the West
    C、good climate in the west
    D、discovery of gold in the West

6、Hispanics in the US speak Spanish and English.

7、Today about 90% of Americans are church members in the United States.

8、Native Americans refer to Indian Americans.

9、Hispanics have a low school dropout rate.

10、The state of California is the largest in population today.

第五节 美国社会和生活随堂测验

1、For most Americans, one of the first activities at home is to .
    A、watch TV
    B、do repair work
    C、surf on the internet
    D、drink coffee

2、The following are "chores" assigned to the children in American families EXPECT .
    A、washing and waxing floors
    B、mowing the lawn
    C、keeping the car(s) clean
    D、babysitting

3、The following are part-time jobs expected to be done by American children EXPECT .
    A、mowing lawns
    B、delievering newspapers
    C、driving taxi
    D、babysitting

4、The following are the "three major sports" in the United States EXPECT .
    A、basketball
    B、football
    C、baseball
    D、volleyball

5、The following are the leisure activities outside the home for American adults EXPECT .
    A、playing bowling
    B、playing soccer
    C、attending public service activities
    D、attening church-related activities

6、Many poor American families expect their children to find part-time jobs, especially as they enter their teens.

7、Most Americans still live in "single-family dwellings", that is separate houses which usually have a front and backyard.

8、The lives of most Americans revolve around their homes and houses.

9、In many American families, children are expected to help around the house.

10、Generally speaking, Americans like to invite their friends to their homes, even for Sunday breakfast.

第六节 美国政治随堂测验

1、The US President plays the following roles EXCEPT
    A、the head of state and government
    B、the military commander-in-chief
    C、Chief of party
    D、Chief Justice of the United States

2、The Electoral College consists of persons
    A、270
    B、538
    C、51
    D、200

3、Which of the following is not a branch of the American government ?
    A、The executive.
    B、The legislative.
    C、The Supreme Court
    D、The Judicial

4、If no candidate wins the most votes, all members from a state shall vote as a unit; in such cases, each state and the District of Columbia would be allotted .
    A、One vote only
    B、Three votes
    C、Two votes
    D、Four votes

5、A Swing State can also be called
    A、Purple State
    B、Safe State
    C、Battlefield State
    D、Overwhelming State

6、The president can stay in office for at most 4 years.

7、The Republican Party is usually considered as more conservative

8、Elections for President and Vice President of the United States happen every five years in the United States

9、Americans have to join a political party in order to vote or to be a candidate for public office.

10、Today, the United States has two major political parties. One is the Democratic Party, and the other is the Republican Party.

第七节 美国教育随堂测验

1、To many Americans, education is important because _____________.
    A、it contributes to the success of individuals
    B、it contributes to the strengthening of national strength
    C、it prepares the young people for future development
    D、Both A and B

2、In the United States, public schools at the elementary and secondary level are ______________.
    A、open to all
    B、compulsory
    C、free
    D、Both A and C

3、American schools fall into two categories, namely, _______________.
    A、public and private schools
    B、academic and vocational schools
    C、coeducation and single sex schools
    D、national and state-run schools

4、In the United States, education policies are made by ______________.
    A、the federal government
    B、the state board of education
    C、local school district
    D、board of trustees

5、There is _______________ difference(s) in tuition rates between public and private institutions of higher learning in the U.S.
    A、no
    B、significant
    C、some
    D、not much

6、Americans generally hold that everyone is entitled to education.

7、Americans believe that education is beneficial to individuals and society as a whole.

8、In the United States, public education at elementary and secondary level is free.

9、According to the U.S. Constitution, education is the responsibility of the federal government.

10、The oldest institution of higher learning in the United States is Harvard University.

第四章 澳大利亚国家概况

澳大利亚随堂测验

1、Australia is politically divided into_______states and ______territories.
    A、Four/three
    B、five/two
    C、six/three
    D、A. six/two

2、Tasmania is an island which lies_______of the Australian mainland.
    A、North of the northeastern corner
    B、South of the southeastern corner
    C、east of the northeastern corner
    D、west of the southeastern corner

3、Australia is the world’s largest exporter of ________.
    A、wheat
    B、wool
    C、meat
    D、dairy products

4、________is the country’s leading grain crop and is grown in every state.
    A、Wheat
    B、Sugar
    C、Corn
    D、Rice

5、Under multiculturalism migrant groups are able to do all the following EXCEPT_______.
    A、to speak their own language
    B、to keep their own lifestyles
    C、to maintain their own customs
    D、to make their own laws

6、One of the largest seven pointed stars in the national flag represents its seven states and territories.

7、Australia is the only continent occupied entirely by a single nation.

8、Australia is hot and dry, because it lies in the Southern Hemisphere.

9、Australia is not independent because it still has constitutional links with Britain.

10、Under multiculturalism migrant groups are able to speak their own language and maintain their own customs.

第五章 新西兰国家概况

新西兰随堂测验

1、What percentage of the population of New Zealand is of European (mainly British) descent?
    A、70%
    B、17%
    C、15%
    D、8%

2、_____is the flightless bird which has become a symbol of New Zealand.
    A、Emu
    B、Kiwi
    C、Weka
    D、Pukeko

3、It was not until ______that New Zealand gained its full independence from Britain.
    A、1907
    B、1935
    C、1947
    D、1949

4、Which of the following is NOT the New Zealand National Symbols?
    A、Kiwi
    B、silver fern
    C、greenstone
    D、A. Kilns

5、There are______ regions and______single jurisdictions in New Zealand.
    A、10/4
    B、11/5
    C、12/5
    D、11/4

6、New Zealand is situated in the Northern Pacific Ocean, halfway between the equator and the equator and the North Pole.

7、New Zealand is made up of two large islands: the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands, including Stewart Island to the South Island.

8、The mountain rang which runs almost the whole length of the South Island is called Southern Alps.

9、James Cook was the first European to sight New Zealand in 1642.

10、In 1846, New Zealand became a self-governing British colony .

第六章 加拿大

加拿大随堂测验

1、There are _____ main sections to the Canadian Parliament.
    A、Two
    B、Three
    C、Four
    D、Five

2、When we meet a Canadian, we should start our conversation by ______.
    A、talking about weather
    B、saying hello
    C、talking about food
    D、saying nothing

3、It is always ______ in Canada.
    A、warm
    B、cold
    C、hot
    D、humid

4、_____is a particularly beautiful time in Canada.
    A、Spring
    B、Summer
    C、Autumn
    D、Winter

5、There are ____ official languages in most of Canada.
    A、two
    B、three
    C、four
    D、five

6、Canadians are peace-loving people.

7、Canada is a constitutional monarchy.

8、The Federal Government doesn’t have the power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of Canada.

9、Canada is the first oldest federal democracy in the world.

10、Canada is one of the most multicultural societies on earth.

期末测试

《英语国家概况 期末测试》

1、The U.S. President’s appointments have to be approved by _______.
    A、the House of Representatives
    B、the Senate
    C、the Cabinet
    D、the Supreme Court

2、At the time of Cuban Missile Crisis, the President of the U.S. was ______.
    A、Truman
    B、Eisenhower
    C、Kennedy
    D、Johnson

3、The British established 13 colonies along _______.
    A、the west coast of North America
    B、the west coast of South America
    C、the east coast of North America
    D、the east coast of South America

4、The United States of America is the _______ country in the world.
    A、largest
    B、second-largest
    C、third-largest
    D、fourth-largest

5、The 1920s in the USA has been described as a period of ______.
    A、cultural revival
    B、development in science and technology
    C、loss of purpose
    D、material success and spiritual frustration

6、The smallest state in the United States is _____.
    A、Washington
    B、Rhode Island
    C、Hawaii
    D、Maryland

7、Among the major Hispanic groups,the largest group is _______.
    A、Puerto Ricans
    B、Mexican-Americans
    C、Cuban-Americans
    D、Colombians

8、The British constitution is made up of the following EXCEPT______.
    A、commonwealth law
    B、Statute law
    C、common law
    D、European Community Law

9、Simon de Montfort’s reform is considered to be the beginning of English _____.
    A、parliament
    B、cabinet
    C、constitution
    D、liberty

10、The United States ranks ____ in the world in the total value of its economic production.
    A、first
    B、second
    C、third
    D、fourth

11、One of the most important lakes in the United States is , which is the largest fresh water lake in the world.
    A、Lake Superior
    B、Lake Michigan
    C、Lake Huron
    D、Lake Ontario

12、Which Midwestern city is the automobile capitatl of the world?
    A、Chicago
    B、Detroit
    C、Milwaukee
    D、Cleveland

13、Americans may start receiving their pensions at the age of .
    A、55
    B、60
    C、65
    D、70

14、Elementray and secondary education in the U.S. is .
    A、free
    B、compulsory
    C、free and attendance is required by law
    D、both B and C

15、The following are "chores" assigned to the children in American families EXCEPT .
    A、washing and waxing floors
    B、mowing the lawn
    C、keeping the car(s) clean
    D、babysitting

16、The following are part-time jobs expected to be done by American children EXPECT .
    A、mowing lawns
    B、delivering newspapers
    C、driving taxi
    D、babysitting

17、The regional Capital of England is .
    A、London
    B、Edinburgh
    C、Cardiff
    D、Belfast

18、The first known settlers of Britain were .
    A、the Iberians
    B、the Beaker Fold
    C、the Celts
    D、the Romans

19、are independent schools in Britain.
    A、comprehensive schools
    B、Grammar schools
    C、Secondary modern schools
    D、Public schools

20、Eton School is a .
    A、state school
    B、secondary modern school
    C、public school
    D、comprehensive school

21、England is one of the two large islands in the British Isles.

22、Britain’s longest river is the Thames.

23、The Welsh language is the official language in Wales.

24、Social class in the UK lays more emphasis on money and property.

25、The Magna Carta set out the rules which were to form the basis for the Parliament which operates in England today.

26、Ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of the Prime Minster.

27、The Mississippi river is the longest river in the United States.

28、Washington D.C. is located in the Southern States Region and is also part of a state.

29、The Stock Market collapse occurred in 1928 in the United States.

30、Separation of power is designed to prevent power form being concentrated in one branch of government.

31、Queen Mary was a follower of the Church of England, and was determined to make England once again a Protestant country.

32、The largest lake in Britain is the Lough Neagh in northwest England.

33、The average population density in Britain is 250 people per square kilometer.

34、The 1851 London Great Exposition was held in the Crystal Palace which was designed by Queen Elizabeth I's husband Albert.

35、The British Prime Minister who led the British to defeat Nazi Germany is Churchill.

36、In Britain the citizens aged 18 or over have the right to vote.

37、In the UK, publich schools are public-funded.

38、In Britain, education at primary levels emphasizes reading, writing and arithmetic.

39、New England is sometimes called the birthplace of America.

40、The United States of America is the largest country in the world.