1. Evolution of Information Resources Management in Libraries (图书馆信息资源管理发展历程)

Unit Testing 1 (第1章单元测)

1、In comparison with traditional libraries, what changes have taken place in automated libraries? (自动化图书馆相对于传统图书馆发生了哪些变化?)
    A、Collected objects have changed (收藏对象发生了变化)
    B、The provided service level has changed (服务层级发生了变化)
    C、The way that describes document resources has changed (描述资源的方式发生了变化)
    D、The library business process has changed (图书馆的业务流程发生了变化)

2、Which of the following items belongs to digital libraries? (下面哪些项目属于数字图书馆?)
    A、World Wide Web
    B、Web of Science
    C、Nanjing University’s OPAC System (南京大学OPAC系统)
    D、Elsevier’s ScienceDirect

3、Which of the following items is the unique feature of traditional digital libraries? (下面哪些项目属于传统数字图书馆的独有特征?)
    A、Using MARC records (MARC数据的使用)
    B、Using computers to search library resources (能够使用计算机检索图书馆馆藏资源)
    C、Using computers to process the content of library resources (能够使用计算机处理馆藏资源的内容)
    D、Performing semantic-based search on library resources (能够对馆藏资源实现基于语义的检索)

4、Whose work has an important impact on the proposal of the digital library? (下面哪个人的工作对数字图书馆的提出有重要影响?)
    A、Edward Fox
    B、Vannevar Bush
    C、William Arms
    D、Christine Borgman

5、Which statements can explain the relationship between the Semantic Web and the current Web? (下面哪些说法正确阐释了语义网与当前Web之间的关系?)
    A、The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web (语义网是当前Web的一种扩展).
    B、The Semantic Web has no relation with the current Web, and they are two different things (语义网与当前Web没有关系, 是完全不同的两种事物).
    C、The Semantic Web will replace the current Web (语义网将完全取代当前Web).
    D、The Semantic Web is oriented for the machine, whereas the current Web is oriented for the human (语义网是面向机器的,而当前Web是面向人的).

6、Which ones are correct among the following statements about the Semantic Web? (下面关于语义网的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、The foundation of the Semantic Web is the ontology (语义网的基石是本体).
    B、The Semantic Web is a kind of data web (语义网是一种数据之网).
    C、The Semantic Web is a new form of Web content (语义网是Web内容的一种新的表达形式).
    D、The Semantic Web is very different from the knowledge graph (语义网与知识图谱是完全不同的事物).

7、Which ones are not correct among the following statements about RDF? (下面关于RDF的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、RDF is machine-readable and understandable (RDF是机器可读可理解的).
    B、RDF is a kind of data models (RDF是一种数据模型).
    C、RDF is a kind of data encoding formats (RDF是一种数据编码格式).
    D、RDF defines concepts and their relationships (RDF定义了概念以及概念之间的关系).

8、Which kinds of the following data are currently published as Linked data in libraries? (目前在图书馆中下列哪种数据被主要发布为关联数据?)
    A、Bibliographic data (书目数据)
    B、User data (用户数据)
    C、Controlled vocabularies (受控词表)
    D、Scientific data (科学数据)

9、What are the advantages of semantic metadata over traditional metadata? (语义元数据相对于普通元数据有哪些优势?)
    A、Machine-processable (机器可处理)
    B、Can facilitate the integration and interoperability of different types of metadata (促进不同类型元数据间的集成和互操作)
    C、Can enrich metadata by linking external resources (可通过与外界信息关联,丰富元数据的信息)
    D、Can describe documents more comprehensively and deeply (能够更加全面、深入地描述文献资源)

10、What are the main reasons for promoting the application of Semantic Web and Linked Data technologies in libraries? (在图书馆中大力推广语义网和关联数据技术的主要原因是什么?)
    A、Libraries have massive information resources (图书馆拥有海量的信息资源)
    B、The technologies can promote the opening and sharing of library data (能够促进图书馆数据的开放与共享)
    C、The technologies can realize semantic description and semantic retrieval of information resources (能够实现对信息资源的语义描述与语义检索)
    D、Libraries focus on metadata, and RDF is a kind of metadata languages (图书馆聚焦于元数据,而RDF就是一种元数据语言)

2. Metadata Overview (元数据概述)

Unit Testing 2 (第2章单元测)

1、Which item does not belong to the function of metadata? (下面哪一项不属于元数据的功能?)
    A、To facilitate the retrieval of information resources (促进检索信息资源)
    B、To help identify information resources (帮助识别信息资源)
    C、To support digital preservation (支持保存数字资源)
    D、To provide domain knowledge (提供领域知识)

2、Which one is correct among the following statements about application profile? (下面关于应用纲要的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、It is a kind of metadata schemas. (是一种元数据方案)
    B、It is a kind of cataloging guideline. (是一种编目指南)
    C、It is a kind of mapping between metadata schemas. (是元数据方案间的映射)
    D、It is a kind of data value standards. (是一种元数据取值标准)

3、Which kind of categorization is correct for metadata? (下面哪种元数据分类方式是正确的?)
    A、Descriptive metadata, Structural metadata, Administrative metadata (描述性元数据,结构元数据,管理元数据)
    B、Technical metadata, Preservation metadata, Administrative metadata (技术元数据,保存元数据,管理元数据)
    C、Descriptive metadata, Structural metadata, Rights management metadata (描述元数据,结构元数据,版权管理元数据)
    D、Description metadata, Preservation metadata, Provenance metadata (描述元数据,保存元数据,起源元数据)

4、Which one does not belong to metadata representation format? (下面哪种不属于元数据表示格式?)
    A、MARC
    B、JSON
    C、RDF
    D、DC

5、Which of the following items belong to the metadata? (下面哪些属于元数据?)
    A、The specification on the package of a product (产品包装上的说明信息)
    B、The survey data obtained from questionnaires (从调查问卷表中获得的调查数据)
    C、The page description embedded in a HTML page (在HTML网页中嵌入的网页说明)
    D、A personal self-introduction (个人的一段自我介绍)

6、Which of the following statements are correct? (下面哪些说法是正确的?)
    A、Metadata is structured. (元数据是结构化的)
    B、Metadata, that is, MARC data. (元数据就是MARC数据)
    C、MARC data is metadata. ( MARC数据是元数据)
    D、Metadata must be stored in a relational database. (元数据必须采用关系型数据库存储)

7、Which of the following items are the standards for metadata values? (下面哪些属于元数据取值标准?)
    A、Dewey Decimal Classification (DCC) (杜威十进制分类法 DCC)
    B、Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules(AACR2) (英美编目条例AACR2)
    C、Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DC) (都柏林核心元数据元素集DC)
    D、ISO Language Code (ISO语言代码)

8、Which of the following items are the standards for guiding the creation of metadata?(下面哪些属于指导元数据创建的标准?)
    A、Resource Description and Access (RDA)
    B、Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DC)
    C、Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2)
    D、Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS)

9、What are the characteristics of the development of metadata in the Internet era? (在互联网时代,元数据的发展呈现什么特征?)
    A、There is no limit for the types of described resources, the number of metadata schemas, and the types of involved profession. (对于描述的资源类型、元数据方案的数量、 参与的领域均没有限制)
    B、For a certain type of resources, only one authoritative metadata schema is available. (针对某类资源,只有一种权威的元数据方案)
    C、Although the resources described by metadata are extended, the development of metadata schemas focus on only several types of resources. (虽然元数据描述的资源有所扩展,但还是只集中在少数几种资源)
    D、Anybody and any organization can participate in the creation of metadata schemas. (任何人和机构都可参与到元数据方案的创建中)

10、What are the principles for defining a metadata schema?(定义一个元数据方案应遵循的原则有哪些? )
    A、Simplicity (简单性)
    B、Extensibility (可扩展性)
    C、Generality (通用性)
    D、Modularity(模块性)

3. Metadata Encoding (元数据编码)

Unit Testing 3-1(第3章单元测1)XML and XML Schema

1、Which of the following formats are appropriate for encoding metadata? (下面哪些格式适合用于元数据编码?)
    A、XML
    B、HTML
    C、Relational data table (关系型数据表)
    D、RDF

2、Which of the following statements about XML are correct? (下面关于XML的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、XML is a markup language (XML是一种标记语言)
    B、XML is a SGML application (XML是一种SGML应用)
    C、XML is a SGML subset (XML是SGML的子集)
    D、XML is a replacement for HTML (XML是HTML的替代者)

3、What are the advantages of XML?(XML的优点有哪些?)
    A、XML is hardware and software-independent (XML与软硬件无关)
    B、XML allows you to define your own tags and document structure (XML允许你定义自己的标签和文档结构)
    C、XML can be used to display the data on the Web (XML可被用于在Web上展示数据)
    D、XML is very simple and has the same syntax rules with HTML (XML非常简单,与HTML具有相同的句法规则)

4、What are the functions of XML Schema? (XML Schema的功能有哪些?)
    A、to define the elements used in XML documents (用于定义XML文档中的元素)
    B、to define the structure of XML documents (用于定义XML文档的结构)
    C、to check the correctness of the XML document’s syntax (用于检测XML文档的句法正确性)
    D、to display the content of XML documents (用于显示XML文档的内容)

5、Which kinds of elements belong to complex elements in a XML Schema? (哪些元素属于XML Schema中的复杂元素?)
    A、The elements that contain child elements (包含子元素的元素)
    B、The empty elements that contain an attribute (包含属性的空元素)
    C、The elements that contain both text and attribute(s) (包含文本和属性的元素)
    D、The elements whose data types need to be defined (数据类型需要被定义的元素)

Unit Testing 3-2(第3章单元测2)RDF and RDF Schema

1、Which of the following statements about RDF are correct? (下面关于RDF的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、RDF is a data model (RDF是一种数据模型)
    B、RDF both defines the abstract structure of a resource description and the encoding format for textually representing information. (RDF同时定义了资源描述时的结构和编码格式)。
    C、RDF is a standard model for data interchange on the Web (RDF是Web上用于数据交换的标准模型)
    D、RDF is designed to be read and understood both by human and machine (RDF被设计用于人类和机器阅读与理解)

2、Which of the following structures does the RDF model have?(RDF模型具有下面哪些结构?)
    A、Graph structure
    B、Tree structure
    C、Triple structure
    D、Entity-relationship structure

3、Which of the following are RDF serialization formats? (下面哪些是RDF序列化格式?)
    A、RDF/XML
    B、RDF/HTML
    C、RDF/JSON
    D、RDF/Microdata

4、Which of the following statements about RDF Schema are correct? (下面关于RDF Schema的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、The relation between RDF Schema and RDF is similar as the relation between XML Schema and XML (RDF Schema 和RDF之间的关系类似于XML Schema与XML之间的关系)
    B、RDF Schema is a semantic extension to RDF (RDF Schema是RDF的语义扩展)
    C、RDF Schema is also a RDF document (RDF Schema也是一个RDF文档)
    D、RDF Schema is the foundation of the Semantic Web (RDF Schema是语义网的基石)

5、Which of the following are the functions of RDF Schema? (下面哪些属于RDF Schema的功能?)
    A、RDF Schema can be used to define the terms used in RDF documents (RDF Schema可被应用定义RDF文档中使用的词汇)
    B、RDF Schema can be used to define the concepts and their relationships in a specific domain (RDF Schema可被用于定义特定领域中的概念及其关系)
    C、RDF Schema can be used to define the tags and structure of RDF documents (RDF Schema可被用于定义RDF文档的标签和结构)
    D、RDF Schema can be used to validate the syntax of a RDF document (RDF Schema可被用于验证RDF文档的句法)

Unit Testing 3-3(第3章单元测3)Ontology

1、Which OWL sublanguage has the most expressive ability? (哪种OWL子语言具有最强的表达能力?)
    A、OWL FULL
    B、OWL DL
    C、OWL RL
    D、OWL EL

2、Which kind of properties can be used to link two individuals? (哪种属性用于连接两个个体?)
    A、Object Properties (对象属性)
    B、Datatype Properties (数据类型属性)
    C、Annotation Properties(注释属性)
    D、Transitive Properties (传递属性)

3、Which kind of properties has only one value for an individual? (哪种属性对于一个个体只允许有一个值?)
    A、Functional Properties (函数属性)
    B、Inverse Functional Properties (反函数属性)
    C、Reflexive Properties (反身属性)
    D、Irreflexive Properties (非反身属性)

4、If we want to restrict that at least one value of a specific property for a kind of individuals must come from a specific class, which kind of restrictions can be used? (如果我们想限制某一类个体的某一属性的属性值至少有一个来自某个特定类, 可采用哪种约束?)
    A、hasValue restrictions (hasValue约束)
    B、Universal restrictions (全称量词约束)
    C、Existential restrictions (存在量词约束)
    D、Cardinality restrictions (基数约束)

5、Which of the following statements about an ontology model are correct? (下面关于本体模型的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、An ontology is a shared vocabulary(本体是一个共享词汇表)
    B、An ontology is an specification of a conceptualization (本体是概念模型的说明)
    C、An ontology is a knowledge base (本体是一个知识库)
    D、An ontology is a knowledge model for a specific domain. (本体是针对特定领域的一个知识模型)

6、Which of the following items belong to the necessary components of an ontology?(下面哪些属于本体中的必须组件?)
    A、Classes (类)
    B、Logic (逻辑)
    C、Properties (属性)
    D、Rules (规则)

7、Which of the following items belong to ontology modelling languages? (下面哪些属于本体建模语言?)
    A、RDF Schema
    B、UML (统一建模语言)
    C、DAML + OIL
    D、RDF

8、Which of the following statements about OWL are correct? (下面关于OWL语言的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、OWL is based on Description Logic. (OWL是基于描述逻辑)
    B、OWL is a markup language derived from RDF. (OWL是衍生于RDF的标记语言)
    C、OWL is a light ontology language. (OWL是轻量级本体语言)
    D、OWL has good reasoning power and weak expressive power (OWL具有良好的推理能力和弱的表达能力)

9、Which of the following items belong to the property characteristics? (下面哪些属于属性特征?)
    A、Functional properties (函数属性)
    B、Sub Properties (子属性)
    C、Inverse Properties (逆属性)
    D、Transitive properties (传递属性)

10、Which of the following statements about the properties of ontologies are correct? (下面关于本体属性的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、Properties link individuals from the domain to the individuals from the range.
    B、A property must have a domain.
    C、The range of a property could be a class or multiple classes, or a XML Schema datatype value or an RDF literal.
    D、Each property has a corresponding inverse property.

Unit Assignment 3-1 XML

1、Please create a XML schema for the XML document “shiporder.xml”. (请为shiporder.xml文档创建一个XML Schema文档)

Unit Assignment 3-2 XML Schema

1、Please create an XML schema for the XML document “shiporder.xml”

Unit Assignment 3-3 RDF

1、Please create a RDF document for the following data. (请为下面数据表中的数据创建一个RDF文档)。 注:建议采用如下的资源命名方式 l The namespace is:xmlns:cd="http://www.recshop.fake/cd#" l Naming the two objects being described as follows: • http://www.recshop.fake/things/Empire_Burlesque • http://www.recshop.fake/things/Hide_your_heart

Unit Assignment 3-4 RDF Schema

1、Please create a RDF Schema document for the RDF document cd_data.rdf to define the classes and properties used in this RDF document (请为cd_data.rdf文档创建一个RDF Schema文档,用于定义RDF文档中使用的类和属性) The involved classes and properties may include (涉及到的类和属性包括): u Clases:CD Ø MusicCD • PopMusicCD • ClassicalMusicCD Ø MovieCD Ø FavoriteCD • ClassicalMusicCD u Class:Country u Class:Organization Ø Company u Class: Person u Properties:artist, country,company, price,year

Unit Assignment 3-5 Ontology

1、Please create an “animal” ontology using Protégé according to the given Classes, Properties, Restrictions and Axioms.

4 Metadata Schemas (元数据方案)

Unit Testing 4(第4章单元测)

1、Which of the following statements about the relationships among the three groups of FRBR entities is not correct? (下面关于FRBR三组实体间关系的说法哪些是不正确的?)
    A、The three groups of FRBR entities are independent (FRBR的三组实体是相互独立的).
    B、The relationship between Group 1 entities and Group 2 entities is“Responsibility”(第一组实体和第二组实体间是责任者关系).
    C、The relationship between Group 1 entities and Group 3 entities is“Subject”(第一组实体和第三组实体间是主题关系).
    D、Group 3 includes the entities from Group 1 and Group 2 (第三组实体包含了第一和第二组实体).

2、Which of the following statements about RDA is correct? (下面关于RDA的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、RDA is bound to specific metadata schemas (RDA是与特定的元数据方案相绑定).
    B、RDA is the fine-tuning and update of AACR2 (RDA是对AACR2的微调和更新).
    C、RDA is based on FRBR, FRAD and FRSAD(RDA是基于FRBR, FRAD和FRSAD模型).
    D、RDA is designed for cataloging in the Web environment (RDA 是设计用于Web环境下的编目).

3、Which of the following metadata schemas still does not adopt the principles of Linked Data? (下面哪个元数据方案尚未采用关联数据原则?)
    A、MODS
    B、BIBFRAME
    C、DC
    D、Schema.org

4、Which of the following statements about Schema.org is correct? (下面关于Schema.org的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、Schema.org can be used for the discovery of bibliographic resources in general-purpose search engines (Schema.org 可被用于在通用搜索引擎中的书目资源发现)
    B、Schema.org can be used for the rich description of bibliographic resources (Schema.org可被用于书目资源的丰富描述)
    C、Schema.org can be used with the RDF/XML encoding format (Schema.org 可采用RDF/XML这种编码格式)
    D、Schema.org can separate the content and carrier of bibliographic resources (Schema.org可将书目资源的内容与载体相分离)

5、Which of the following statements about DC are correct? (下面关于DC元数据元素集的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、The elements in DC can be used in any order (DC中的元素可以任意顺序使用).
    B、The elements in DC are all necessary (DC中的元素都是必须的) .
    C、The elements in DC are repeatable (DC中的元素是可重复的).
    D、The elements in DC are hierarchical (DC中的元素是层次化的) .

6、Which of the following items belong to the characteristics of DC ? (下面哪些属于DC元数据元素集的特点?)
    A、Interdisciplinarity (跨领域性)
    B、Richness (丰富性)
    C、Extensibility (可扩展性)
    D、Specificity (专指性)

7、Which of the following statements about MODS are correct? (下面关于MODS的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、MODS are designed to replace MARC (MODS是被设计用来取代MARC的).
    B、MODS and MARC were developed and maintained by the same organization (MODS和MARC是由同一机构开发和维护的).
    C、MODS has the same complexity with MARC (MODS与MARC具有同样的复杂性).
    D、MODS and MARC have a lot of overlap (MDOS与MARC具有很大的重合).

8、Which of the following statements about FRBR are correct? (下面关于FRBR的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、FRBR is a set of cataloging rules (FRBR是一套编目规则)
    B、FRBR is a metadata schema (FRBR是一个元数据方案)
    C、FRBR is an entity-relationship model (FRBR是一个实体-关系模型)
    D、FRBR is a theoretical model for guiding the design of cataloging rules (FRBR是一个指导编目规则制定的理论模型)

9、Which of the following statements about the relationship between MODS and DC are correct? (下面关于MODS与DC关系的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、MODS and DC are both used for describing digital resources (MODS和DC都是用于描述数字资源)
    B、MODS and DC both have a flat structure (MODS和DC都具有扁平结构).
    C、MODS is more complicated than DC (MODS要比DC复杂).
    D、MODS inherits some elements from DC (MODS继承了DC中的部分元素)

10、Which of the following statements about BIBFRAME are correct? (下面关于BIBFRAME的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、BIBFRAME is a specific bibliographic metadata standard (BIBFRAME是一个具体的书目元数据标准)
    B、BIBFRAME is composed of four-level entity classes (BIBFRAME 包含四个层级的实体类)
    C、BIBFRAME is designed to replace MARC(BIBFRAME是被设计用来取代MARC)
    D、BIBFRAME is the implementation to the FRBR model (BIBFRMAE是对FRBR模型的实施)

Unit Testing 4-2 (第4章单元测2)

1、Which of the following statements about CCO is correct? (下面关于CCO的说法哪个是正确的?)
    A、CCO is a set of metadata elements (CCO是一组元数据元素)
    B、CCO is a set of cataloging rules (CCO是一组编目规则)
    C、CCO is a set of controlled terms (CCO是一组受控伺候)
    D、CCO is a kind of metadata encoding format (CCO是一种元数据编码格式)

2、Which of the following statements about CDWA is correct? (下面关于CDWA的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、CDWA is a set of cataloging rules (CDWA是一组编目规则)
    B、CDWA is a set of metadata elements (CDWA是一组元数据元素)
    C、CDWA is delivered as a XML Schema (CDWA采用XML Schema表示)
    D、CDWA is designed to support OAI-PMH (CDWA被设计能够支持OAI-PMH协议)

3、Which domain is the Darwin Core metadata standard specifically applied to? (达尔文核心元数据标准被特定应用于哪个领域?)
    A、Medicine (医学)
    B、Biology (生物学)
    C、Bioinformatics (生物信息学)
    D、Biodiversity Informatics (生物多样性信息学)

4、Which standard is designed specifically for the description of images and the cultural objects that they represent? (哪个标准被专门设计用于图像及其所表示的文化对象的描述?)
    A、CDWA
    B、CCO
    C、VRA Core
    D、CIDOC CRM

5、Which of the following statements about the CIDOC-CRM model are correct? (下面关于CIDOC-CRM模型的说法哪些是正确的?)
    A、CIDOC-CRM serves the same function for the museum community as FRBR does for the library community (CIDOC-CRM对于博物馆社区的功能与FRBR模型对于图书馆社区的功能相同).
    B、CIDOC-CRM is designed for information integration in cultural heritage. (CIDOC-CRM是被设计用于文化遗产领域的信息集成)
    C、CIDOC-CRM can support the integration and exchange of unstructured information in cultural heritage. (CIDOC-CRM能够支持文化遗产领域非结构化信息的集成与交换)
    D、CIDOC-CRM is a formal ontology for cultural heritage. (CIDOC-CRM是文化遗产领域的一个形式化本体)

6、What kinds of model is CIDOC-CRM? (CIDOC-CRM是哪种模型?)
    A、CIDOC-CRM is a conceptual model (CIDOC-CRM是概念模型)
    B、CIDOC-CRM is an object-oriented model (CIDOC-CRM是面向对象模型)
    C、CIDOC-CRM is an entity-relationship model (CIDOC-CRM是实体-关系模型)
    D、CIDOC-CRM is an event-centric model (CIDOC-CRM是事件为中心的模型)

7、What are the relationships between CCO and AACR2? (CCO和AACR2的关系是什么)
    A、CCO is a complement to AACR2 in describing works of art(CCO是AACR2描述艺术作品的一个补充)
    B、CCO is the replacement of AACR2 (CCO是AACR2的替代品)
    C、CCO conforms to AACR2 (CCO符合AACR2)
    D、Both CCO and AACR2 can be applied to works of art (CCO和AACR2都能被应用于艺术作品)

8、Which kinds of data can be described using DDI Codebook? (DDI Codebook可被用于描述哪类数据?)
    A、survey data (调查数据)
    B、questionnaire (问卷调查表)
    C、descriptive statistics from survey data (调查数据的描述性统计数据)
    D、panel data (面板数据)

9、Which kinds of data can be described using DDI Lifecycle? (DDI Lifecycle可被用于描述哪类数据?)
    A、survey data (调查数据)
    B、questionnaire (问卷调查表)
    C、descriptive statistics from survey data (调查数据的描述性统计数据)
    D、panel data (面板数据)

10、What are the relationships between CDWA and VRA Core? (DCWA和VRA Core的关系是什么?)
    A、The elements of VRA Core come from CDWA (VRA Core的元素来自于CDWA)
    B、VRA Core is the replacement of CDWA in the description of visual resources (VRA Core是CDWA在视觉资源描述方面的替代品)
    C、Both CDWA and VRA Core distinguish cultural works and their surrogate images (CDWA和VRA Core均区分文化对象及其图像替代物)
    D、Both CDWA and VRA Core indicate the relationship between cultural works and their surrogate images (CDWA和VRA Core均能指明文化对象与其图像替代物之间的关系)

5 Integration of Digital Resources (数字资源的集成)

Unit Testing 5(第5章单元测)

1、Which of the following integration modes does data warehouse belong to the typical application of ?(数据仓库属于下面哪种集成方式的典型应用?)
    A、Data integration(数据集成)
    B、Information integration(信息集成)
    C、Knowledge integration(知识集成)
    D、System integration(系统集成)

2、Which of the followig statements about OAI-PMH is correct? ?(下面关于OAI-PMH的说法哪种是正确的?)
    A、OAI-PMH is a metadata format(OAI-PMH是一种元数据格式)
    B、OAI-PMH is a metadata harvesting protocol.(OAI-PMH是一种元数据收割协议)
    C、OAI-PMH is an initiative to promote the free dissemination of scientific research achievements using the Internet(OAI-PMH是为了推动科研成果利用互联网自由传播而提出的倡议)
    D、OAI-PMH is an information retrieval service for open access resources(OAI-PMH是一种针对开放存取资源的信息检索服务)

3、Which of the following statements about Z39.50 is correct? (下面关于Z39.50的说法哪种是正确的?)
    A、A metadata format (一种元数据格式)
    B、A connection-oriented transport layer communication protocol(一种面向连接的传输层通信协议)
    C、An application layer protocol for transmitting hypermedia documents(一种用于传输超媒体文档的应用层协议)
    D、An application layer protocol for information retrieval and metadata exchange(一种用于信息检索和元数据交换的应用层协议)

4、Which of the following statements about DOI is wrong?(下面关于DOI的说法哪种是错误的?)
    A、DOI is the abbreviation of Digital Object Identifier.(DOI是数字对象标识符的缩写)
    B、DOI was proposed by the publishing industry.(DOI由出版界提出的)
    C、DOI cannot be assigned to physical works.(DOI不能分配给实物作品使用)
    D、DOI can be resolved to the URLs of resources.(DOI可被解析为资源的URL)

5、Which of the following technologies does OpenURL belong to the typical representative of?(OpenURL属于下面哪种技术的典型代表?)
    A、Closed static linking(封闭式静态链接)
    B、Open dynamic linking(开放式动态链接)
    C、Open static linking(开放式静态链接)
    D、Closed dynamic linking(封闭式动态链接)

6、Which of the following statements is wrong? (下面哪种说法是错误的?)
    A、Hybrid methods can be used to integrate multiple bibliographic metadata ontologies.(对多个书目元数据本体进行集成可以采用混合方法)
    B、Linked data can be used for knowledge integration in the library field.(关联数据可以被用于图书馆领域的知识集成)
    C、OpenURL is mainly used to establish associations between different ontology instances.(OpenURL主要用于在不同本体实例间建立关联)
    D、Linked data can be used to establish an association between local RDF data sets and external RDF data sets. (可以利用关联数据建立本地RDF数据集与外部RDF数据集的关联)

7、What are the levels of digital resource integration?(数字资源集成可分为哪几个层次?)
    A、Data integration(数据集成)
    B、Information integration(信息集成)
    C、Knowledge integration(知识集成)
    D、System integration(系统集成)

8、What are the functions of Data Provider in the OAI-PMH framework?(OAI-PMH框架下数据提供者的职能包括哪些?)
    A、Manage and publish metadata in the metadata repository(管理和发布元数据仓储中的元数据).
    B、Harvest metadata using a metadata harvester(使用元数据收割器收割元数据).
    C、Respond to metadata harvesting requests(响应元数据收割请求).
    D、Provide integrated retrieval services for metadata(提供元数据集成检索服务).

9、What are the functions of Service Provider in the OAI-PMH framework?(OAI-PMH框架下服务提供者的职能包括哪些?)
    A、Manage and publish metadata in a metadata repository(管理和发布元数据仓储中的元数据).
    B、Harvest metadata using a metadata harvester(使用元数据收割器收割元数据).
    C、Respond to metadata harvesting requests(响应元数据收割请求).
    D、Provide integrated retrieval services for metadata(提供元数据集成检索服务)

10、Which methods can be used for ontology-based knowledge integration ?(基于本体的知识集成可以使用哪几种方法?)
    A、Single Ontology Approaches(单一本体法)
    B、Multiple Ontology Approaches (多本体法)
    C、Linked Data Approaches(关联数据法)
    D、Hybrid Approaches(混合方法)

6 Digital Curation (数字监护)

Unit Testing 6(第6章单元测)

1、Which of the following statements about the origin of digital curation is correct? (关于数字监护的起源,哪种说法是正确的?)
    A、Originate from the library community (数字监护起源于图书馆社区)
    B、Originate from the museum community (数字监护起源于博物馆社区)
    C、Originate from the e-Science community (数字监护起源于数字科学社区)
    D、Originate from the archive community (数字监护起源于档案社区)

2、Which of the following digital repository systems better implements the idea of digital curation? (请问下面的数字仓储系统中哪一个更好地实施了数字监护理念?)
    A、Dspace
    B、Eprints
    C、Dataverse
    D、Federoa

3、Which of the following item is the correct interpretation of the FAIR principles (下面哪一个项是对科学数据管理FAIR原则的正确阐释?)
    A、Feasible, Available, Interpretable, Reusable
    B、Findable, Available, Interoperable, Retrievable
    C、Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable
    D、Feasible, Accessible, Interpretable, Retrievable

4、Which of the following lifecycle models is the theoretical basis of the preservation metadata standard PREMISE? (下面哪个生命周期模型是PREMISE保存元数据标准的理论基础? )
    A、Data Document Initiative (DDI) model
    B、UK Data Archive model
    C、Open Archival Information System (OAIS) model
    D、Digital Curation Center (DCC) model

5、What are the characteristics of digital curation? (数字监护的主要特点有哪些?)
    A、Applies a lifecycle approach (采用生命周期方法)
    B、Focuses on value addition of digital resources (强调数字资源的价值增值)
    C、Deals with technical obsolescence (解决技术过时问题)
    D、Ensure the future use of digital resources ( 确保数字资源的未来可用)

6、Which of the following lifecycle models are mainly for scientific data? (下面哪些生命周期模型主要是面向科学数据的?
    A、Data Document Initiative (DDI) model
    B、UK Data Archive model
    C、Open Archival Information System (OAIS) model
    D、Digital Curation Center (DCC) model

7、Which kinds of metadata does preservation metadata usually include? (保存元数据通常包含哪些类型的元数据?)
    A、Descriptive metadata (描述元数据)
    B、Rights metadata (版权元数据)
    C、Technical metadata (技术元数据)
    D、Provenance metadata (起源元数据)

8、What are the aims of digital curation? (数字监护的主要目标是什么?)
    A、Ensuring the longevity of digital resources
    B、Ensuring the integrity of digital resources
    C、Maintaining the accessibility of digital resources
    D、Ensuring the security of digital resources

9、Which ones are the correct organizational structure of a Dataverse repository? (哪些是Dataverse仓储的正确组织结构?)
    A、Dataverse Repository → Dataverse → Dataset → Data Files
    B、Dataverse Repository → Dataverse → Dataverse → Dataset → Data Files
    C、Dataverse Repository → Dataset → Descriptive Metadata
    D、Dataverse Repository → Dataset → Data Files

10、Which ones belong to the primary entities defined in the PREMISE Data Model in regard to digital curation activities? (下面哪些属于PREMISE数据模型中定义的与数字保存活动相关的主要实体?)
    A、Objects
    B、Events
    C、Environment
    D、Intellectual Entities