Lecture 1 Preparations

Quiz for Lecture 1

1、The purpose of the course is to _____.
    A、help you improve your skill of English speech-making and offer you a glimpse into Shakespearean drama and poetry
    B、show you the significance of Shakespearean drama and poetry to English public speaking
    C、emphasize that we should attach some importance to English literature while learning the English language
    D、impress upon you the vital place Shakespeare has in the development of the English language and culture

2、This lecture is aiming to _____.
    A、relieve you of the fears towards making public speech in English and reading Shakespeare
    B、introduce Shakespeare and his drama and poetry
    C、let you know how to conduct an effective conversation with your foreign friends
    D、make you interested in the study of Shakespearean drama

3、Shakespeare in a way represents the English culture that is _____.
    A、steeped in the arts of persuasion and verbal expressiveness
    B、committed to the arts of drama and poetry
    C、proud of its brilliant playwrights and poets
    D、rigid in its approach to public speaking

4、We don’t need to worry that we don’t understand Shakespeare’s “Old English” as _____.
    A、Shakespeare’s language is more or less what we are using today
    B、we are going to read Chinese translation of his works
    C、there will be a detailed interpretation of each quotation from him
    D、Shakespeare actually writes in Middle rather Old English

5、(Titus Andronicus, 3.2.1-3) means___.
    A、the quotation is from Act 3, Scene 2, Lines 1 to 3 in the play Titus Andronicus
    B、the quotation is from Scene 3, Act 2, Lines 1 to 3 in the play Titus Andronicus
    C、the quotation is spoken in Act 3, Scene 2, Lines 1 to 3 by a character named Titus Andronicus
    D、the quotation is spoken in Scene 3, Act 2, Lines 1 to 3 by a character named Titus Andronicus

6、What will most people experience before they are asked to speak in public?
    A、A stab of anxiety.
    B、A rush of excitement.
    C、A sense of honor.
    D、A surge of delight.

7、What may help one feel better if one has glossophobia?
    A、To know that it is common among people.
    B、To learn from Cordelia or Coriolanus.
    C、To use one’s native language in the speech.
    D、To keep pebbles in one’s mouth.

8、Why is it helpful to know for certain that we will experience some level of anxiety before making a public speech?
    A、Because we then will use the energy of our anxiety to produce a good speech.
    B、Because we then can go to see a doctor for some remedy in time.
    C、Because we then may use this as an excuse to avoid the situation.
    D、Because we then can hyperventilate to help alleviate the fear.

9、From which play have we quoted a piece of Shakespeare in Lecture 1 Section 2?
    A、Cymbeline.
    B、Hamlet.
    C、Romeo and Juliet.
    D、King Lear.

10、In the Shakespeare play mentioned in Lecture 1 Section 2, Imogen is ___.
    A、the princess of Britain
    B、the princess of England
    C、the queen of Britain
    D、the queen of England

11、The whole process of speech-making includes _____.
    A、deciding on a topic, devising the structure, wording a draft, committing it to memory and delivering it in front of an audience
    B、studying the topic, writing a draft and reading it aloud to an audience
    C、doing a research into the given topic, formulating a theory, making a draft, and delivering it in public
    D、being given a topic, writing about it, and reciting it in front of an audience

12、What does King Henry V of England say about our brain?
    A、All things are ready, if our minds be so.
    B、Our brain to our causes is the path towards success.
    C、Enterprise doth begin with the brain.
    D、Even to the court, the heart, to th’ seat o’ th’ brain.

13、One’s anxiety before making a public speech is in fact _____.
    A、the result of a wonderful mechanism of self-protection
    B、an indication of one’s inability of public speech-making
    C、a disease caused by one’s malfunctioned amygdalae
    D、a natural deficiency about which modern medicine can do nothing

14、One way to conquer the fear of speaking in front of an audience is to _____.
    A、adopt a power stance in a quiet place of one’s own beforehand
    B、make oneself as small as possible by shrinking into oneself
    C、avoid making eye-contact with members of the audience
    D、speak in a low voice so as not to draw attention to oneself

15、The amygdala is named so because it is ___.
    A、almond-shaped
    B、apricot-shaped
    C、apple-shaped
    D、avocado-shaped

16、One lesson we can learn from Shakespeare’s King Lear is _____.
    A、the importance of audience analysis
    B、the danger of exaggerating one’s love
    C、the usefulness of eloquence
    D、the necessity of speaking in public

17、Who is more important in making a public speech, the speaker or the audience?
    A、the audience
    B、the speaker
    C、both
    D、neither

18、A successful public speech starts with _____.
    A、an effective audience analysis
    B、a careful search for topics
    C、a thorough memorizing of the speech content
    D、a few jokes to break the ice

19、What do we discover in a demographic analysis?
    A、Who is in the audience and what their individual and group characteristics are.
    B、What our audience may be thinking before and during our presentation.
    C、How the speaking event itself might influence our audience’s state of mind.
    D、What our organizer expect from us in the speech that we give.

20、Henry V goes from tent to tent to visit all his host. Here “host” means___.
    A、his army
    B、his emcee
    C、his party-giver
    D、his sponsor

Lecture 2 Topic and Purpose

Quiz for Lecture 2

1、According to Professor Lucas, usually the speech topic is determined by _____.
    A、the occasion, the audience and the speaker’s qualification
    B、the speaker’s qualification and interests
    C、the organizer’s purpose and the audience’s interests
    D、the organizer’s purpose and the speaker’s interests

2、To play by one’s strength in deciding on a topic means to _____.
    A、choose subjects that one knows or wants to know a lot about
    B、choose subjects that one feels most strongly about
    C、choose subjects to force one’s intentions into the audience’s minds
    D、choose subjects that one strongly wants the audience to know about

3、The most successful birthday or wedding toasts are ones that ___.
    A、display an intimate knowledge of the person(s) we are toasting
    B、display a good sense of humor on the part of the speaker
    C、display the speaker’s process of audience analysis
    D、display a willingness to entertain the guests who are present

4、When we choose to talk about something we want to know more about, we _____.
    A、not only produce a speech that will turn into a learning experience for the audience, but can also help ourselves stock up on our own knowledge and experience
    B、can be pretty sure that we shall have things to say that will be of novelty to the audience
    C、may feel at a loss, paralyzed even, though it is quite natural, as we might not yet be experts of the topic
    D、are willing to spend time on it and therefore can make sure that we enjoy the process of preparing for the speech

5、Richard Gloucester says “I am myself alone.” in ____.
    A、3 Henry VI
    B、Richard III
    C、1 Henry IV
    D、Richard II

6、The card in Hamlet’s quotation “We must speak by the card or equivocation will undo us” refers to a _____.
    A、map
    B、poker card
    C、master card
    D、visa card

7、When making a public speech, we must _____ so as to keep ourselves on track.
    A、decide if we are to inform or to persuade first
    B、make sure we get the right compass and map
    C、make a choice among literally countless possibilities
    D、constantly refer to our own speech scripts

8、According to the lecturer, when giving an informative speech, one acts as ____.
    A、a teacher
    B、a partisan
    C、a champion
    D、an advocate

9、In a sense, an informative piece of speech is like _____.
    A、a vividly painted picture
    B、a lesson drawn from a tragedy
    C、a chorus in a Shakespeare play
    D、a prologue in a Shakespeare play

10、A chorus in a Shakespearean drama is____.
    A、a single character who speaks the prologue and other linking parts of the play
    B、a group of singers or dancers performing together in a supporting role in a music number
    C、a group of performers who comment together on the main action
    D、a simple song for group singing in formal or informal worship

11、When a speaker tries to persuade, he or she is in fact trying to _____.
    A、guide the audience towards forming a certain opinion, attitude, or judgement on the matter at hand
    B、relate the facts and give the needed information for the audience to add to their store of knowledge
    C、convince the audience that it is worthwhile to pay attention to what he has to say
    D、make the audience realize that there is gap in their understanding of something that needs filling in

12、The goal of a persuasive speech is most probably to _____.
    A、change or structure the attitudes or actions of the audience
    B、give necessary information for the audience’s benefit
    C、state explicitly what the speaker knows and believes
    D、emphasize that the only correct view is the speaker’s view

13、In the gun ownership example, the information provided is _____.
    A、more subjective than objective
    B、more objective than subjective
    C、mostly objective
    D、thoroughly subjective

14、In modern-day persuasive speeches, it is usually best to ____.
    A、be sparing in using imperatives
    B、be generous in using imperatives
    C、be pressing to the audience
    D、be as passionate as Juliet

15、Prospero’s ultimate purpose in delivering the prologue in The Tempest is to ___.
    A、persuade the audience to applaud the performance
    B、persuade the audience to come to the performance again
    C、persuade the audience to set him free
    D、persuade the audience to be indulgent

16、Usually we state our specific purpose in a single infinitive phrase, namely, _____.
    A、to inform/persuade our audience about/to …
    B、to narrow our choices down to a manageable size
    C、to convince our audience of the effectiveness of this speech
    D、to press our audience to heed our advice in the speech

17、The specific purpose of the “caffeine sample” is to _____.
    A、inform the audience of the facts about caffeine and its effects on our body
    B、inform the audience of the events leading to Ophelia’s death
    C、persuade the audience to applaud the performance
    D、persuade Romeo to abandon his family name

18、It is highly recommendable to _____ during the preparation process.
    A、write down our specific purpose statement actually
    B、devise more interesting way of letting the audience know our specific purpose
    C、ascertain what our specific purpose statement is again
    D、write the body of the speech first before summarizing its purpose

19、The problem with “to inform my audience of credit card fraud and sound financial investment” as a specific purpose statement is that ___.
    A、it links two unrelated ideas
    B、it uses the word “and”
    C、it uses figurative language
    D、it is too vague

20、One of the two questions we better ask ourselves when we formulate our specific purpose statement is _____.
    A、Can I accomplish my purpose in the time allotted?
    B、Would my audience understand my speech?
    C、How can I draw my audience’s attention to my speech?
    D、How can I get my audience to applaud my speech?

Lecture 3 Arguments

Quiz for Lecture 3

1、According to the lecturer, the central idea of a speech quite often appears _____ of the speech.
    A、at the beginning
    B、in the middle
    C、in the conclusion
    D、in an unexpected part

2、A thesis statement refers to _____.
    A、a simple, declarative sentence that refines and sharpens the specific purpose
    B、an example that supports the idea a speaker intends to talk about
    C、something that illustrates, consolidates, and/or, expands the central idea
    D、a statement that lets the audience know the topic of the speech

3、A thesis statement is different from a specific purpose statement as it _____.
    A、tends to make its presence known fairly explicitly to the audience
    B、needn’t make itself appear in the actual speech
    C、reveals what we hope to accomplish by the speech
    D、is much more straightforward than the latter

4、Which of the following about the central idea statement is true?
    A、The central idea statement should be expressed in a full declarative sentence.
    B、The central idea statement should often be in the form of a question.
    C、You are encouraged to use figurative language in your central idea statement.
    D、It should be written in a really engaging style to stimulate the interest of the audience.

5、The central idea in the following short excerpt is ____. Lysander: Ay me! For aught that I could ever read, Could ever hear by tale or history, The course of true love never did run smooth; But either it was different in blood— Hermia: O cross! too high to be enthrall’d to low. Lysander: Or else migraffed in respect of years— Hermia: O spite! too old to be engag’d to young. (A Midsummer Night’s Dream, 1.1.132-8)
    A、The course of true love never did run smooth.
    B、For aught that I could ever read, could ever hear by tale or history.
    C、But either it was different in blood.
    D、O cross! too high to be enthrall’d to low.

6、In Shakespeare’s Othello, if Iago had not produced Desdemona’s handkerchief, he _____.
    A、would not have been able to convince Othello, however eloquent he might have been
    B、might have won Othello over to his side more quickly
    C、could still be able to convince Othello since he had been so eloquent
    D、would take Othello by the throat

7、Generalizations cannot convince our audience since they fail to _____.
    A、explain why the audience should believe the speaker
    B、introduce who the speaker is
    C、present the central idea of the speech explicitly
    D、let the audience know the speaker’s purpose

8、Which of the following does not belong to the group of three fundamental questions mentally asked by the audience?
    A、Says who?
    B、So what?
    C、What do you mean?
    D、Why should I believe you?

9、The verbally given supporting materials in a speech usually include _____.
    A、examples, statistics and testimony
    B、examples, statistics and illustrations
    C、visual aids, ocular proofs and examples
    D、charts, diagram, and tables

10、In Hamlet’s famous “to be or not to be” soliloquy, he makes use of ____ to illustrate the hardship of life.
    A、a series of brief examples
    B、a convincing brief example
    C、a full-blown extended example
    D、a list of hypothetical examples

11、Which of the following statements is true?
    A、Factual examples describe incidents that have really happened.
    B、Hypothetical examples describe situations that actually exist.
    C、Hypothetical examples can be completely fantastical and far-fetched.
    D、The examples we use as supporting materials should be short, snappy and brief.

12、When the Queen and Cloten in Cymbeline talk about the war between Rome and Britain, they are providing _____.
    A、factual examples to illustrate their point
    B、hypothetical examples to consolidate their point
    C、unpleasant facts to prove that Britain needn’t pay anything to Rome
    D、statistics to illustrate Rome’s defeat

13、Hypothetical examples are most useful _____.
    A、if we want to add in a bit of audience interaction to our monologue of speech
    B、as they describe some imaginary but not unlikely scenario to support our ideas
    C、because we can place our audience in a situation so as to follow our instructions
    D、when we are describing ideas that are very difficult to digest

14、Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A、A speaker should use hypothetical examples more as they are easier to come up with.
    B、Hypothetical examples are imaginary situations that are not too far-fetched for the audience.
    C、We need to back up our hypothetical examples with statistics or testimonies to make them convincing.
    D、Hypothetical examples are a good way of involving the audience into our speech.

15、The Second Queen asks Hippolyta to ____ in order to persuade Hippolyta to speak on her behalf.
    A、imagine what she would do if Theseus dies in battle
    B、imagine the macabre sight of tombs
    C、imagine the horrors of war
    D、imagine the grief-stricken life a widow

16、Why does the lecturer find it hard to get examples of the use of statistics from Shakespeare?
    A、The trust in number is a product of the rise of science and technology in the 19th century.
    B、People in Shakespeare’s time began to feel the urgent need for objectivity.
    C、Shakespeare was not a mathematician at all.
    D、Shakespeare did not care about numbers at all.

17、We may trust more those people who _____.
    A、can back up their ideas with numbers
    B、do not measure what they are speaking about
    C、rely heavily on intimate knowledge and personal relations
    D、are full of theories and abstractions in their speeches

18、Since modern people have great faith in the power of numbers, _____.
    A、statistics can be extremely effective in clarifying and supporting ideas
    B、we have to be very careful about numbers we use in our speech
    C、a good speaker makes full use of statistics in every possible way
    D、statistics have become the most convincing supporting material in a speech

19、When we make use of statistics in our speech, we do not have to make sure that _____.
    A、we do the actual research and get the statistics ourselves
    B、we really understand the statistics we are using
    C、the statistics we are using are representative
    D、the statistics we are using are unbiased

20、The scene where Henry V counts English and French casualties during battle is considered by many modern scholars to be ___.
    A、heartless
    B、poignant
    C、exhilarating
    D、macabre

21、What is a testimony?
    A、It refers to quotations or paraphrases used to support an idea.
    B、It is a device to illustrate one’s central idea of a public speech.
    C、It sounds like advertisements for commodities we encounter every day.
    D、It is a formal spoken statement protesting something.

22、Shakespeare _____ in his plays.
    A、quotes from others but seldom acknowledges his sources
    B、seldom quotes from others since he creates his own pieces
    C、likes to have his characters quote from Caesar in Latin
    D、only quotes from Plutarch and the Bible

23、There are two kinds of testimonies, namely _____.
    A、expert testimony and peer testimony
    B、illustrational testimony and persuasive testimony
    C、testimonies from celebrities or from common people
    D、official testimony and personal testimony

24、Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A、We always directly quote someone’s original words when we are using testimonies.
    B、We should use testimony from qualified sources.
    C、We should identify the people we are quoting.
    D、We should be accurate when citing testimonies.

25、It is a good idea to use testimony when we are ____.
    A、proposing a controversial idea
    B、talking about a personal experience
    C、explaining a future project
    D、illustrating a difficult concept

Lecture 4 Body Building

Quiz for Lecture 4

1、What is an argument composed of?
    A、an idea, analysis of this idea, and evidence in support of this idea
    B、an idea, references and testimonies that support the idea
    C、the analysis of the central idea and its supporting materials
    D、the supporting materials of various kinds

2、A speech needs to be organized to allow _____.
    A、our listeners to understand the speech better
    B、ourselves to see our ideas and reasonings easier
    C、itself to look nice, that is, tidy and clean
    D、the speaker to memorize it more quickly

3、Why should we say speech-making is an audience-centered activity?
    A、Because only the audience may decide whether a speech is successful or not.
    B、Because the audience is more important than the speaker.
    C、Because our central idea comes from the audience analysis.
    D、Because the speaker mainly speak to please the audience.

4、According to the lecturer, listeners demand coherence _____.
    A、more than readers
    B、less than readers
    C、as much as readers
    D、as little as readers

5、The last two lines of a Shakespearean sonnet is called a ____.
    A、couplet
    B、quatrain
    C、octet
    D、doublet

6、According to the lecturer, main points need to be _____ as they are the major struts in the structure of our speeches.
    A、selected carefully, placed strategically, and phrased precisely
    B、well chosen, cleverly placed, and logically presented
    C、full of information, logic, and authentic ideas
    D、arranged to show the speaker’s personality

7、Usually our main points should be designed _____.
    A、to directly link to the central idea and at the same time further clarify it
    B、as evidently as possible from our specific purpose statement
    C、to demonstrate the sophistication and depth of our thought
    D、according to the size of the audience

8、Which of the following statements is true?
    A、A speaker had better keep the number of his/her main points reasonable.
    B、The more main points a speech has, the better it will be understood by the audience.
    C、No matter how long your speech may run, just stick to three main points.
    D、A speech contains one main point is usually the most convincing.

9、Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A、Add variety to the wording pattern of our main points.
    B、Keep the main points in a speech separate.
    C、Balance the amount of time for each main point.
    D、Well-designed main points will make our speech coherent.

10、In Twelfth Night, the Duke sends _____, who is really ____ in disguise, to woo ____ on his behalf.
    A、Cesario, Viola, Olivia
    B、Olivia, Cesario, Viola
    C、Cesario, Olivia, Viola
    D、Viola, Olivia, Cesario

11、According to the lecturer, the order in which our main points are presented _____.
    A、can make an overwhelming difference to our speech
    B、should be selected according to a fixed scheme
    C、must be phrased precisely
    D、may serve the audience’s purpose more effectively

12、The chronological order is an order that _____.
    A、develops according to a time pattern
    B、is used only in an informative speech
    C、may be a historian’s favorite
    D、helps the speaker present his/her speech fluently

13、Which of the following statements is true about the Shakespearean example about the different stages of man’s life?
    A、The fact that it’s arranged in a clear and predictable chronological order further helps the audience to grasp the speaker’s logic.
    B、This is a persuasive speech with an astounding seven main points—apparently about four main points too many.
    C、As is with almost everything Shakespearean, this is actually not a good example to illustrate the chronological order.
    D、Its arrangement of the main points does not work though it is written by Shakespeare.

14、A spatial order refers to the arrangement of main points that _____.
    A、follows a directional pattern
    B、is used mostly in a persuasive speech
    C、can only be used when describing a large city
    D、mixes time and space in its pattern

15、Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A、The problem-solution order is used when we are providing useful information.
    B、The topical order is basically determined by the topic of the speech.
    C、The causal order arranges one’s main points to show a cause-and-effect relationship.
    D、The topical order is used more often than any of the other speech organization methods.

16、Supporting materials are used to _____.
    A、illustrate, clarify, or qualify an idea
    B、function as major bones that determine the speech structure
    C、respond enthusiastically to our audience’s expectation
    D、provide our audience with interesting and convincing ideas

17、To make our speeches comprehensible and convincing, a simple but important tip is _____.
    A、to make sure that our supporting materials are directly relevant to the point we are trying to make
    B、to select interesting and forceful materials that attract the audience’ s attention better
    C、to place our supporting materials after our central idea
    D、to try our best to avoid causing confusion among our audience

18、According to the lecturer, Katherine in Henry VIII should _____ as it is more directly relevant to her central idea.
    A、appeal to the legal side of the marriage itself first
    B、engage in emotional appeal first
    C、make her legal appeal more concise
    D、elaborate on her emotional appeal further

19、When making a speech, nothing is more important than _____.
    A、make sure whatever we say is directly relevant to our central idea
    B、place our supporting materials in the right place
    C、organize our materials logically and carefully
    D、antagonize our audience by presenting wrong ideas

20、In the latter half of Katherine’s defense, she uses ____ to support her argument that the marriage cannot be annulled.
    A、testimony
    B、brief examples
    C、extended examples
    D、statistics

Lecture 5 Introduction

Quiz for Lecture 5

1、In a sense, the English idiom “Don’t judge a book by its cover.” _____ speech making.
    A、cannot be applied to
    B、should be applied to
    C、has nothing to do with
    D、has everything to do with

2、According to the lecturer, in daily life or in speech making, people’s first impression of something _____.
    A、makes a difference to people’s reaction to it
    B、very often cause wrong judgement of it
    C、is not important in regard to people’s understanding of it
    D、always determines people’s reaction to it

3、Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A、A good introduction should achieve more than three objectives.
    B、A good introduction grabs the attention and interest of the audience.
    C、The topic of the speech is revealed in the introduction.
    D、A good speaker establishes his credibility and goodwill in the introduction.

4、According to the lecturer, to make a good start to a speech, two things are important, namely, _____.
    A、watch your time, and make use of silence
    B、watch your audience, and be eloquent
    C、be confident, and be cautious at the same time
    D、seize your time, and make use of your body language

5、“I’ll speak to thee in silence.” is a quote from ___ spoken by ___.
    A、Cymbeline, Posthumous
    B、Coriolanus, Coriolanus
    C、King Lear, Cordelia
    D、The Winter’s Tale, Hermione

6、One thing that is important for an oral speech is to _____.
    A、address our audience whether we are familiar with them or not
    B、remember to address our audience when we are not familiar with them
    C、address the senior members of the audience especially
    D、remember to address the younger and more enthusiastic members of the audience

7、People pay attention to what directly affects them, so we should _____.
    A、let our audience know early and explicitly that the speech can affect them directly
    B、always choose the topics that are really interesting
    C、present our points directly and scientifically
    D、try to avoid anything that is not of momentous importance to the target audience

8、Which of the following statements is true?
    A、It is essential to believe what we are talking about is important.
    B、What we believe to be important is usually important to other people as well.
    C、It is almost impossible to make a science major like Shakespeare.
    D、Everybody nowadays believes there exists an environmental issue.

9、According to the lecturer, what can we learn from Cole Porter’s comic song “Brush up Your Shakespeare”?
    A、Whenever we discuss a topic whose importance may not be self-evident to the audience, we should think of ways to demonstrate its significance in the introduction.
    B、When we discuss a topic whose importance is self-evident to the audience, we do not have to apply ways to emphasize its significance in the introduction.
    C、A bit of knowledge of Shakespeare is important to everybody who should try to quote some classical poetry with ease.
    D、A bit of knowledge of Shakespeare is important to the young men who are trying to wow the young girls today.

10、Which of the following does Mark Antony’s “Friends, Romans, countryman, lend me your ears.” not achieve?
    A、Revealing the purpose of his speech.
    B、Catching the attention of the audience.
    C、Establishing credibility and goodwill.
    D、Showing curtesy to the audience.

11、To draw the audience’s attention to your speech, you can startle them by using a verbal shock, that is, _____.
    A、you offer them some surprising and even slightly terrifying statement
    B、you utter some loud noise like “Bang! Bang! Bang!” unexpectedly
    C、you allow them chance to choose one of their family members to be assaulted
    D、you ask them to imagine a pleasant situation while listening to some horrifying news

12、When we try to draw our audience gradually into our speech with a series of statements that progressively whet their appetite for our ideas, we are trying _____.
    A、to arouse their curiosity
    B、to surprise them
    C、to use the method of verbal shock
    D、to apply a vocal shock

13、Using rhetoric questions at the beginning of a speech is popular because _____.
    A、this is an interactive method that involves the audience into the speech
    B、a speaker is a kind of teacher who tends to ask questions instead of offering ready answers
    C、listeners hate to be stuffed with information and ideas directly
    D、some speakers have trouble drafting the opening part of their speech

14、Which of the following statements is true?
    A、Most of us are more naturally drawn towards stories than dry facts or statistics.
    B、Starting your speech with a story is recommended when you are addressing children.
    C、It may not be scientific to say people like storytellers more than essayists or theorists.
    D、Any story will serve your purpose even if it seems irrelevant to your central idea.

15、At the time when the witches greet Macbeth, he is already ___.
    A、Thane of Glamis
    B、Thane of Cawdor
    C、Thane of Calder
    D、Thane of Fife

16、Speakers trying to grab their audiences’ attention in every possible way tend to neglect _____.
    A、the need to reveal the topic of the speech
    B、the importance of being vivid in an opening
    C、the significance of trying to be innovative
    D、the necessity to design an engaging opening

17、By previewing the body of our speech, we mean _____.
    A、to use our introduction to inform the audience what they should expect and listen for in the rest of the speech
    B、to offer the audience all the help they need to make sure that they can keep up with the long speech
    C、an objective that could be merged into one with revealing the topic in shorter speeches
    D、to reveal the central idea so that the audience may see both the topic and the organization of the speech

18、Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A、Credibility and goodwill refer in fact to the same thing.
    B、Credibility is matter of being seen as having necessary qualifications for some job.
    C、It’s advisable for a speaker to establish credibility and goodwill in his introduction.
    D、The audience may want to know if the speaker has their best interest at heart.

19、Which of the following statements is true?
    A、If our speech touches upon highly controversial issues, establishing goodwill can be more important.
    B、One should make sure the exact format and wording of his introduction are ready before he goes on to the body of the speech.
    C、Such introductory materials as lengthy quotations, strings of statistics, etc. are good for the introduction of a speech.
    D、When devising the introduction of a speech, creativity is of primary importance because we need to grab the attention of the audience.

20、Which of the following quotations seeks to establish goodwill?
    A、The which if you with patient ears attend, / What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.
    B、For your voices I have fought; / Watch’d for you voices.
    C、I have been studying how I may compare / This prison where I live unto the world.
    D、Good Ursula, wake my cousin Beatrice, and desire her to rise.

Lecture 6 Conclusion

Quiz for Lecture 6

1、Which of the following statements is true?
    A、The inability to easily come up with an adequately impressive conclusion to a piece of work seems fairly universal.
    B、Since one has gone so energetically in the introduction and the analysis, one does not have to say too much in the conclusion.
    C、In a conclusion of an essay, one should summarize briefly the main points and list the inadequacies of the previous parts.
    D、The conclusion part of undergraduate thesis should not be required in the first place.

2、The audience of a public speech is different from the readers of an essay in that _____.
    A、they have no chance to rewind to the opening to form a balanced view of the whole speech
    B、they usually are more sensitive to oral language rather than written language
    C、they draw their own conclusion from the previous parts of the speech
    D、they prefer to listen to a public speech to reading an essay or watching a recorded TV drama

3、When Cleopatra in Antony and Cleopatra decides to write the conclusion of her own story, she is going to _____.
    A、commit a spectacular suicide
    B、surrender to Caesar with pride
    C、fight against Antony’s enemy
    D、choose a qualified writer herself

4、Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A、Suicide usually leaves an unambiguous statement of one’s own idea.
    B、The conclusion of any speech should let the audience know that the speaker is ending the speech.
    C、The conclusion of any speech should reinforce the audience’s understanding of the central idea of the speech.
    D、Great is the art of beginning, but greater is the art of ending.

5、In Shakespeare’s time, the part of Cleopatra was most likely played by ____.
    A、A boy actor.
    B、A girl actor.
    C、An adult male actor.
    D、An adult female actor.

6、A good speaker gets his or her audience _____.
    A、mentally prepared for the closure of the speech
    B、ready to hear something more interesting at the end of the speech
    C、surprised, even annoyed, by ending the speech abruptly
    D、aware of the importance of ending a speech properly

7、A verbal clue like “to conclude” is _____ to end a speech.
    A、a good way
    B、the only way
    C、better than logical arrangement
    D、used very often by clowns in Shakespearean plays

8、To end a speech, we can also _____.
    A、change our sound pattern
    B、quote some good verses
    C、recite some rhyming couplets
    D、sing a lovely song

9、The musical term “crescendo” means _____.
    A、a gradual increase in the force of music or human sound
    B、a gradual decrease in the force of music or human sound
    C、a climactically resounding note
    D、a softly fading away human voice

10、In terms of delivery, the two speeches at the end of this lecture (11:22) should probably be arranged thus ______.
    A、Henry V 3.1.31-4 with a crescendo ending; Hamlet 5.2.286-91 with a dissolving ending
    B、Henry V 3.1.31-4 with a dissolving ending; Hamlet 5.2.286-91 with a crescendo ending
    C、Henry V 3.1.31-4 with a crescendo ending; Hamlet 5.2.286-91 with a crescendo ending
    D、Henry V 3.1.31-4 with a dissolving ending; Hamlet 5.2.286-91 with a dissolving ending

11、In the Dogberry example , we can see he has made a very sound conclusion _____.
    A、where he succinctly summarizes the central idea of his report
    B、as he neglects the use of numerical items in a proper way
    C、when he concisely recapitulate his point with one sentence
    D、since he leaves space for the audience to recall his major arguments

12、In a persuasive speech, our summary tends _____.
    A、to be a reiteration of the call to action
    B、to encourage or urge the audience to do something
    C、to be a litter more extensive and elaborative
    D、to provide or offer adequate information

13、In a conclusion it is difficult to avoid _____ but we have to.
    A、repeating ourselves unskillfully
    B、stating our points once more in a new way
    C、paraphrasing ourselves creatively
    D、reiterating the main points of the speech

14、One useful way to convince the audience of the importance of some action is to _____.
    A、envision a kind of future or consequence
    B、ask oneself a question again and again
    C、push them hard enough
    D、repeat the point at least three times

15、“Be not self-will’d, for thou art too fair / To be death’s conquest and make worms thine heir.” means ___.
    A、Don’t be stubborn in resisting marriage, otherwise you’ll end up without a child who might inherit your beauty.
    B、Don’t be stubborn in resisting marriage, otherwise you’ll end up conquered by death and buried alone.
    C、Don’t be stubborn in resisting marriage, for you have to consider the will of others and not bow to the tyranny of death.
    D、Don’t be stubborn in resisting marriage, for you have a duty to ensure that the human race does not end up in the dust.

16、To end a speech with a quotation, the speaker has to remember _____.
    A、it is a brief one that perfectly captures the central idea of the speech
    B、to choose something that is long enough to show one’s central idea
    C、it is something that is atypical so as to attract the audience’s attention
    D、to select something that is unheard of rather than something too famous

17、If we can concoct a bit of drama to end our speech, we can very possibly _____.
    A、etch our speech or at least the conclusion of it on the memory of the audience
    B、surprise our audience so much that they would become very excited
    C、entertain the audience to show our appreciation for their attention
    D、catch the audience’s attention again when they are expecting the end of the occasion

18、The key to a successful dramatical one-liner method lies in _____.
    A、its unexpectedness
    B、its briefness
    C、its dramatical beauty
    D、its smooth language

19、To bring about some logical and psychological unity to a speech, the lecturer suggests we should _____ in our conclusion.
    A、refer back to the introduction
    B、try the torrential outburst method
    C、quote some authority in the field
    D、summarize all the points mentioned

20、The so-called “This England” speech is given by ____ for the purpose of ____.
    A、John of Gaunt; lamenting England’s “fall”
    B、John of Gaunt; arousing English troops
    C、Cloten; lamenting England’s “fall”
    D、Cloten; arousing English troops

Lecture 7 Informative Speeches

Quiz for Lecture 7

1、In which of the following are we NOT in the presence of an informative speech?
    A、A student reads his course paper to the class.
    B、A scientist talks about what he has discovered in the field.
    C、A parent gives instructions about a job she assigns her child.
    D、A journalist reports his eye-witness of an event.

2、Which of the following is NOT a question a listener may silently ask his speaker?
    A、Is the information controversial?
    B、What has this information got to do with me?
    C、Is the information accurate?
    D、Is the information communicated clearly?

3、One way to reach out verbally to our audience is to _____.
    A、use conversational terms and the second-person pronoun
    B、increase significantly their comprehension of our meaning
    C、look directly into their eyes while delivering the speech
    D、find information that concerns them and recount it to them

4、Why should the speaker commit what he needs to say to memory?
    A、Because then the speaker can actually engage in a friendly conversation with the audience.
    B、Because the speaker needs to show his authority on the subject.
    C、Because the speaker has to be fluent while delivering his speech.
    D、Because the speaker is not allowed to bring along any script or notes.

5、Which of the following statement is true?
    A、A good many of the Shakespearean play we know and love first appeared in quarto form.
    B、The First Folio published in 1616 was the first complete collection of Shakespeare’s plays.
    C、A quarto-sized book is roughly the size of a modern-day paperback novel.
    D、If one folds a rectangular piece of paper lengthwise twice, ends up with a quarto-sized book.

6、Why should the Americans have tried to appropriate Shakespeare for their own use?
    A、Because as a newly independent nation they needed him to help establish their identity.
    B、Because in his plays Shakespeare supports all just causes.
    C、Because Shakespeare has done quite a lot to help them win their independence.
    D、Because many famous American writers like Irving, Melville, Emerson, etc. adored him.

7、The example of American appropriation of Shakespeare for their use shows _____.
    A、the importance of providing the audience with necessary background knowledge
    B、the universality of Shakespeare as a great playwright of all times
    C、the great admiration and appreciation the Americans have shown for Shakespeare
    D、the significance of learning about Shakespeare and American history

8、It’s important not to _____ while giving informative speeches.
    A、overestimate what the audience knows
    B、underestimate what the audience knows
    C、suppose what the audience may want to know
    D、suspect what the audience may not want to know

9、Which of the following statements is true?
    A、We should avoid being too technical in our informative speech.
    B、We should avoid being not technical enough in our informative speech.
    C、A speaker can be technical in subject area but not in his language.
    D、A speaker can be technical in his language but not his subject area.

10、According to the lecturer, people tend to find it hard to absorb information delivered directly to them because _____.
    A、human beings prefer being entertained to being informed or lectured on
    B、the information is too complex and too difficult
    C、human beings hate information that is not delivered in the form of story
    D、the information is not properly selected

11、When we try to personalize the information we are passing onto our audience, we can do all the following except _____.
    A、using statistics frequently and abundantly
    B、using statistics when it is appropriate
    C、illustrating our statistics when necessary
    D、illustrating the statistics in human terms

12、The abstraction discussed in speech-making refers to _____.
    A、a general idea rather than an idea that relates to a particular object, person, or situation
    B、anything that we should try our best to avoid in our speech
    C、some dry facts about philosophy or logical thinking
    D、a brief summary of a situation we are describing

13、The lecturer suggests we do all the following except _____ to let our audience see what we are saying.
    A、explain carefully
    B、describe vividly
    C、make comparison wisely
    D、apply contrast properly

14、The quotation from Caliban mentioned in Lecture 7 Section 3 means ____.
    A、“Curse you.”
    B、“Bless you.”
    C、“Thank you.”
    D、“Mock you.”

Lecture 8 Persuasive Speeches

Quiz for Lecture 8

1、A persuasive speech is aimed to do all the following except _____.
    A、upgrade on the listeners’ power of understanding
    B、change the opinion of an audience
    C、convince the audience to change their mind
    D、make the listener see the necessity of a new decision

2、According the lecturer, persuasion is _____ and yet _____ in daily life.
    A、most complex; pervasive
    B、less complex; pervasive
    C、most pervasive; complex
    D、less pervasive; complex

3、We give a persuasive speech when our audience _____.
    A、have various opinions of their own and we want to replace those with our own
    B、have an opinion of their own and we have an opinion different from theirs
    C、is hostile to us for one reason or another even before we start to say anything
    D、is in need of a certain type of information and we can provide them with it

4、What cannot help us make a successful persuasive speech?
    A、Having a mental dialogue with ourselves when delivering the speech.
    B、Anticipating what the audience may react to our arguments.
    C、Finding faults with what we are going to say.
    D、Making sure that our goals are ethically sound and ethically advocated.

5、Palamon and Arcite are ______.
    A、the two noble kinsmen in The Two Noble Kinsmen
    B、the two gentlemen of Verona in The Two Gentlemen of Verona
    C、the two rival lovers in A Midsummer Night’s Dream
    D、the two good friends in The Winter’s Tale

6、There are three types of persuasive speeches, namely, those on questions of _____.
    A、fact, value and policy
    B、information, value and policy
    C、fact, value and decision
    D、fact, opinion and policy

7、A persuasive speech on questions of fact deals with facts that _____.
    A、people have not agreed on their truthfulness
    B、will only occur in the future
    C、occurred only in the past
    D、people have agreed on their truthfulness

8、The speaker of persuasive speeches on questions of fact provides information for the purpose of _____.
    A、convincing the audience of his/her points of view
    B、informing the audience of some facts
    C、showing his/her righteousness
    D、explaining the controversies of the fact

9、Which of the following questions is NOT a question of fact?
    A、Should we challenge Shakespeare’s authorship of his plays?
    B、Are our personalities determined by nature or nurture?
    C、Did Shakespeare intend Prospero in The Tempest as a reflection on his own playwriting career?
    D、Who will win the next US presidential election?

10、Professor James Shapiro discovered that two documents supporting the Anti-Stratfordian stance were actually forgeries in ___.
    A、the Durning-Lawrence Library
    B、the British Library
    C、the Bodleian Library
    D、the Folger Shakespeare Library

11、Questions of value deals with questions that _____.
    A、demand value judgements on matters discussed
    B、involve matters of facts but not value judgement
    C、concern value judgement but not matters of facts
    D、judge the importance of facts concerned

12、Should a speaker make a persuasive speech on questions of value to present merely his/her personal preference on certain matters?
    A、No, as he/she is giving an informative speech.
    B、Yes, as he/she has no right to represent others.
    C、No, since he/she has to provide adequate supporting facts as well.
    D、Yes, since he/she believes their preference is more reasonable.

13、According to the lecturer, the standards of judgement are _____.
    A、the premise on which we build all our subsequent arguments
    B、the value judgement of the speaker’s on matters discussed
    C、the value judgement universally acknowledged
    D、the premise on which we form our judgement on any matters

14、When giving a persuasive speech on questions of value, we should take care to do all the following except _____.
    A、applying our standards of judgement to the matter discussed before establishing them
    B、notifying our audience of our standards of judgement
    C、having reasonable standards of judgement
    D、avoiding basing our judgements merely on personal preference

15、When Shylock says “I’ll not answer that, / But say it is my humour”, he means by “humour” ___.
    A、caprice
    B、hilarity
    C、spirits
    D、jests

16、In speech-making terms, questions of policy are questions about _____.
    A、whether a specific course of action should or should not be taken
    B、whether a certain governmental issue should or should not be dealt with
    C、if we should or should not accept a certain contract offered by a company
    D、if we should or should not obey the laws that govern the functioning of society

17、All the following are questions of policy except _____.
    A、Is it surprising if we should be the first one group to reach the top of the mountain?
    B、Should we go to the seaside in winter?
    C、What should we do to combat global warming?
    D、How should we revitalize the economy after the pandemic?

18、When we aim to gain passive agreement, we try to get the audience agree on our course of action _____.
    A、but don’t expect them to join us in our action
    B、but don’t allow them to start enacting our policy
    C、and expect them to join us in our action
    D、and allow them to start enacting our policy

19、In preparing a persuasive speech on questions of policy, we should not overlook to address _____ of the advocated course of actions in our speech.
    A、the need, plan and practicality
    B、the plan, practicality and valid analogy
    C、the need, plan and valid analogy
    D、the need, practicality and valid analogy

20、When Shylock uses “men there are not love not a gaping pig” to justify his “humour” in claiming Antonio’s pound of flesh, he falls into the fallacy of ____.
    A、false analogy
    B、red herring
    C、false comparison
    D、slippery slope

21、In King Lear, Goneril organizes her speech that persuades her father to reduce his knights in the _____order.
    A、problem-(cause)-solution
    B、plan-need-practicality
    C、comparative advantages
    D、Monroe’s motivated sequence

22、To let the audience see that the solution we are proposing goes to the root of the problem we are analyzing, we can apply _____ in our speech.
    A、problem-cause-solution order
    B、problem-solution order
    C、comparative advantages order
    D、Monroe’s motivated sequence order

23、When we organize our persuasive speech in the comparative advantages order, we know our audience _____.
    A、is already aware of the existence of a problem but not sure which to choose among many solutions
    B、is already aware of the solution to a problem but not sure why we should choose that solution
    C、has no idea about the existence of a problem, let alone the solution to it
    D、has no idea about the solution to the problem, let alone the cause of it

24、If a speaker adopts Monroe’s motivated sequence order in his persuasive speeches on questions of policy like most commercials, he is _____.
    A、seeking immediate action of the audience
    B、trying to generate the motivation of the audience
    C、intensifying the audience’s desire for a plan
    D、calling for a detailed instruction on problem solving

25、Goneril means by “you should disquantity your train” that ____.
    A、Lear should reduce the number of his knights
    B、Lear should reduce the number of his vehicles
    C、Lear should shorten the length of his robe
    D、Lear should shorten the length of his visit

26、To successfully convince one’s audience, a speaker needs to manage all of the following except_____.
    A、ask for their indulgence
    B、win them over by solid evidence
    C、explain the ideas with logical reasoning
    D、touch upon their emotions

27、Together with evidence and reasoning, _____ helps making a successful persuasive speech.
    A、emotional appeal expressed verbally and vocally
    B、information provided with detail and accuracy
    C、the speaker’s sense of strong and confident leadership
    D、the speaker’s ability to appeal to the audience’s natural love

28、According to the lecturer, in a successful persuasive speech, we should _____.
    A、make sure our own reasoning is logically sound, and have our audience see and believe that it’s sound
    B、make sure we present our speech in a logically sound way
    C、try every possible way to make our audience accept our reasoning
    D、try every possible way to let our audience see the uniqueness of our reasoning

29、In Brutus’ speech to the citizens in Julius Caesar 3.1.13-35, Brutus manages all of the following except____.
    A、providing strong evidence
    B、establishing his credibility
    C、appealing to his audience’s emotion
    D、establishing his goodwill

30、By the word “ambitious”, Brutus ___.
    A、censures Caesar’s greed for power
    B、praises Caesar’s great aspiration
    C、describes Caesar’s courage and enterprise
    D、commends Caesar’s sense of purpose

Final Examination

Final Examination

1、Please prepare and deliver a PERSUASIVE speech of about 3 mintues on a topic of your own choice. Enter your speech script in the dialogue box below. Then email your recorded video clip to cxchenxing@nju.edu.cn. Do NOT plagiarize existing speeches from others. Heed the deadline. You will be judged on the following criteria: Whether your general purpose is indeed to persuade. Whether your choice of topic has taken the audience into consideration. Whether your argument and organization are logical. Whether the information you pass on is accurate and made interesting. Whether your delivery is fluent. (Please do not READ your script.) Whether you have kept yourself within the time limit. (3 minutes)