Unit 2

Unit 2 Quiz

1、If your tutor is young, you can address his by his first name.

2、When communicating with tutor via e-mail, it is important to clarify what you want from the tutor at or near the end of the email.

3、When writing an email to your tutor, avoid informal or overly relaxed language

4、In a group discussion, speaking capacity is more important than listening.

5、Visual learners do well with hearing information.

6、Improve the following subject lines: 1) Bad subject line: Brochure Good subject line: This email is from a travel agent to a client who has asked for brochures on cruises in the Caribbean.

7、Improve the following subject lines: Bad subject line: Holiday Good subject line: This email is from a friend sending his/her friend tips about cheap and good hotels to stay in while in Paris.

8、Improve the following subject lines: Bad subject line: Course Good subject line: This email is from a student asking about the dates of the English full immersion course that he/she is going to take at Oxford University in the summer of 2014.

9、Improve the following subject lines: Bad subject line: Wedding Good subject line: This email is to congratulate friends in another country on their wedding and to say sorry again that they couldn’t be there.

10、Improve the following subject lines: Bad subject line: Schedule Good subject line: This email is to say the team should speed up the project, and their new deadline is one week earlier.

Unit 3

Unit 3 Quiz

1、Please read the following assignment description carefully and find out which parameter for the assignment is not clear. “Your assignment is to write a 3- page paper (5-7 pages, Times New Roman 12 pt. font, 1 inch margins, APA format) answering the questions “…………” Answers to these questions should be based upon a careful analysis of the cases studied in the articles and class discussion.
    A、The length
    B、Deadline
    C、Format
    D、Reference

2、When choosing a tentative topic, you should find out except
    A、Its relevance to the assignment
    B、The amount of research material available on the topic
    C、How general your search topic might be
    D、How narrow your research topic must be

3、The following sources are considered as appropriate and necessary source of gathering information at college-level work except
    A、Libraries
    B、Newspaper and magazine
    C、Database
    D、Online materials

4、Which statement about CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure is not true?
    A、It is one of the highly recommended databases.
    B、It has built a comprehensive China Integrated Knowledge Resources System.
    C、It is the largest and mostly-used academic online library in Chia.
    D、The materials on it cannot be downloaded for protecting copyright.

5、Credibility of the sources could be evaluated by asking questions except
    A、Is the information useful/relevant?
    B、Are the opinions in your sources popularly accepted?
    C、A. Is the information credible?
    D、Are your sources till current?

Unit 4

Unit 4 Quiz

1、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Undo the shaft-wrench on the grondle-spigot and then insert the mainstay into the cleft on the right hand side of the jack-end bite snap.
    A、instruction manual
    B、novel
    C、newspaper story
    D、academic report

2、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Perhaps your best bet for accommodation would be to stay at one of the numerous family-run hotels in the city centre. They are usually very friendly, clean and remarkably good value and most of them serve reasonably- priced food.
    A、academic report
    B、post card
    C、travel article
    D、workplace email

3、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. After dinner, Greene sat and waited in his room over the old bakery in Admiralty Street. Down below he could hear the tourists on their way to the evening market or one of the many average eateries that lined the water front – the children were shouting and screaming out of control while their parents called after them not to get lost. How strange he thought, do they think their children would get lost on purpose? Then he smiled to himself – why not, he had.
    A、academic report
    B、novel
    C、post card
    D、workplace email

4、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Zarkon V was situated deep in Sector Two, light years from the nearest United Planetary Confederation’s observation station. As a result, the colony was a largely lawless society and not one for the faint-hearted.
    A、workplace email
    B、academic report
    C、grammar textbook
    D、science fiction story

5、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Completed form AP/714 together with transcripts and original qualification certificates must be submitted to the Secretariat by the end of the month. Failure to meet these requirements will result in the instant termination of the candidate’s application.
    A、administrative document
    B、workplace email
    C、newspaper story
    D、novel

6、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. The suspect, a 43 year old man, was arrested at his home in Sai Kung in the early hours of Thursday morning. Police would not comment on the identity of the man but stated later that he was helping them with their enquiries into a recent bank robbery in Central in which three bank employees were injured.
    A、administrative document
    B、travel article
    C、post card
    D、newspaper story

7、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. I would like all staff to attend an emergency departmental meeting in the conference room after work. I apologize for the late notice but I’m afraid that we have some very important issues to discuss. Thank you for your understanding.
    A、travel article
    B、workplace email
    C、grammar textbook
    D、administrative document

8、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. The data was obtained from interviewing 150 year one students about their experiences during their first month at university. The respondents were asked 20 multiple-choice questions divided in to four sections on orientation, course information, socializing and belonging. The questionnaires were administered at the end of September and the results collated the following month.
    A、academic report
    B、grammar textbook
    C、novel
    D、science fiction story

9、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Hi there ! Having a great time ! Sun, sea and sand !!! Food’s fantastic and the people are great. Off to the night market this evening and then up Mount Palawag on Saturday – hope I’m fit enough!!! Trust all’s well at work – see you soon. C & E.
    A、academic report
    B、workplace email
    C、post card
    D、science fiction story

10、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Some verbs are used transitively and intransitively with different kinds of subject; the intransitive use has a meaning rather like a passive or reflexive verb and these verbs have commonly become known as ergative verbs.
    A、workplace email
    B、grammar textbook
    C、administrative document
    D、post card

Unit 5

Unit 5 Quiz

1、Which of the following sentences patterns signals the introduction of the Lecture?
    A、What I’m going to cover in this course is...
    B、So, in other words...
    C、We come finally to the conclusion that...
    D、Let’s look at the handout...

2、Which of the following help us identify main ideas and structures?
    A、It’s a very confusing picture.
    B、We’ll examine two contrasting opinions about...
    C、Here are some explanations.
    D、This group of statistics shows...

3、Which of the following tells us that the lecturer is going to move from one point to the next?
    A、We take it for granted that...
    B、This is also the most substantial issue.
    C、From there, we’ll move on to slightly wider applications
    D、Therefore, you have to provide an element for this operation.

4、Which of the following hints a conclusion?
    A、For example, copy the English resource file to the Japanese one, then add some Japanese characters in front of each value.
    B、so, we come finally to the conclusion…
    C、Not as much as you might think that...
    D、But this is especially important with virtual meetings because...

5、When you hear the sentence pattern “Now, getting back to our main point…”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to make a conclusion
    B、The speaker is going to give further explanation
    C、The speaker is going to return to the key idea
    D、The speaker is going to give background information

6、When you hear the sentence pattern “In this case however, despite the name of the property...”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to give contrasting information
    B、The speaker is going to refer to some visuals
    C、The speaker is going to give background information
    D、The speaker is going to give a definition

7、When you hear the sentence pattern“Can you look at the Chart…”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to give background information
    B、The speaker is going to make a conclusion
    C、The speaker is moving on to another topic
    D、The speaker is going to refer to some visuals

8、When you hear the sentence pattern“Let me give you an example of what I mean.”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to further illustrate the point by evidences
    B、The speaker is going to make classification
    C、The speaker is going to do listing
    D、The speaker is going to give introduction

9、“info” for “information” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

10、“govt” for “government” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

11、“schl” for “school” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

12、“ck'g” for “checking” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Abbreviate -ing

13、“AR” for “acid rain” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Abbreviate -ing

14、We use different methods to assist comprehension when listening.

15、Conversation-styled lectures which lecturer doesn’t rely on notes and bases the lecture around audience response are not academic lectures.

16、When listening to a lecture, "sign posts” or "signals" always enables us to trace the development of ideas in the lecture and offers us a clue to organize our notes.

17、The meaning of taking notes lies in focusing more on the lecture, and listening more attentively and proactively.

18、The skill that you use in extracting main ideas from academic talks is called listening for gist.

19、As a active listener, we need to note down everything we heard as quickly as possible

20、Distinguish between main and subsidiary information correctly is a useful way to summarize while listening

21、When we are doing paraphrase, we usually use shorter similar words or phrases for longer phrases.

22、Gist is defined as the most important pieces of information or the general information of a text.

23、Suppose you are going to acquire some general knowledge, the first thing you need to do is to make predictions while listening.

24、You need to construct your own understanding of what you hear, based on the concerned background information.

25、In order to simplify the text, you need to reduce complex sentences to simple sentences, phrases, and even single words.

26、When you paraphrase you need to use complete sentences.

27、Generally speaking, lecture slides as an outline of the content, help us identify the key topics and concepts in the lecture.

28、Taking notes means consider what appears on slides and note them down.

29、When taking notes, we need to pay special attention to nouns, active verbs, and adjectives.

30、We need to evaluate and decide what is important instead of note discriminately.

31、We’d better not reorganize nor revise our notes after the lecture. Because it may leads to misunderstanding and missing of the information.

32、We choose different forms of noting according to our own personal preferences.

33、Outlining Method requires structuring notes in form of an outline by using bullet points for different topics and subtopics.

34、If the lecture involves a lot of facts and statistics, we may use columns, tables or charts to note.

35、We need to keep our notes organized and neat, or it will be difficult to review important information from the notes.

36、Signal words are exactly what we need to note down in listening.

37、Symbols and abbreviations are efficient ways of note taking.

38、We can use mathematical symbols in taking notes.

39、We’d better not generate our own Abbreviations and symbols suggested from our mother tongue.

40、Too many abbreviations and symbols would make our notes difficult to understand.

Unit 6

Unit 6 Quiz

1、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The buying power of the average American rose by an extraordinary 32 times between 1789 and 2002, _________ Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8).
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

2、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8) ______ the 200-year growth of material goods in the US as ‘unprecedented’.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

3、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8) _____ capitalism led to an ‘unprecedented growth’ in the U.S. economy after 1789.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

4、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. _____ Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8), there is a clear link between capitalism and growth.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

5、Plagiarism is______, it is the act of passing off another person's intellectual property as your own and taking credit for another person's work.
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

6、Colleges and universities take ________ very seriously and are very hard on students who commit plagiarism.
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

7、Some possible ______ of plagiarism include receiving a failing grade for an assignment, failing the entire course, and even expulsion from school.
    A、stealing
    B、avoid
    C、consequences
    D、prevent

8、Copyright is the law put in place to ______ plagiarism. When someone copyrights something, it means they own the rights to copying that item.
    A、stealing
    B、avoid
    C、consequences
    D、prevent

9、Many things are ______ — images, articles, books, poetry, and even ideas.
    A、copyrighted
    B、stealing
    C、avoid
    D、consequences

10、We all know laws are difficult to interpret without a degree from a law school, so how do you_____ copyright violations in college?
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

11、Annotating a text means that you take notes in the margins of a reading text.

12、Plagiarism is almost equivalent to stealing, with one key difference: the original work is still out there somewhere.

13、Most institutions of higher learning frown on “block quotes” or quotes of 60 words or more.

14、No matter whether you are giving a quotation or rewriting the words of the writer in your own way, you need to give citation and referencing.

15、Citing is the one of the effective ways to avoid plagiarism.

16、People usually follow one pattern of document formatting guidelines.

17、When the ideas or languages of the original sources are significant, people might use them with direct quotations.

18、A paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage.

19、When you have a long direct quotation in a written work, you might need to write it in form of block quotation.

20、APA and MLA are different patterns of document formatting guidelines.

Unit 7

Unit 7 Quiz

1、Many words in academic English are the same as daily vocabulary, so students of English needn’t to learn academic vocabulary specifically.

2、The Academic Word List is a list of words which appear with high frequency in English academic texts.

3、The Academic Word List contains 570 words.

4、In English, affixation, clipping and compounding are chief ways of word formation.

5、Word families are groups of words that share a common base to which different prefixes and suffixes are added.

6、Prefixes usually change the word class of the word, but not the meaning.

7、Collocation refers to a combination of two or more words which frequently occur together, so it’s possible to guess the meaning of the collocation by knowing the meaning of the individual words.

8、Like with grammar, there are specific rules for how collocation works.

9、To learn collocations can help you use the words more accurately and naturally.

10、Some collocations are fixed, or very strong. Some collocations are more open.

11、Learning collocations will help you to express yourself in a variety of ways.

Unit 8

Unit 8 Quiz

1、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan Which of the following is the plan of publicity?
    A、Jewelries
    B、photo studio
    C、Greece for honeymoon
    D、$20,000

2、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan Which of the following is the plan of Program Agenda?
    A、Cocktail hour
    B、The number of chairs needed
    C、What tie to wear
    D、None of the above

3、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan What candies to buy is the task of the person who takes care of ____.
    A、Overview
    B、Guest List
    C、Logistics
    D、Publicity

4、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan If you want to corporate some of the branches, which two might be the branches you want to put together?
    A、Overview and Guest List
    B、Guest List and Publicity
    C、Guest List and Program Agenda
    D、Publicity and Logistics

5、When used during problem solving, brainstorming brings team members' _______ experience into play.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

6、Brainstorming increases the richness of ideas explored, which means that you can often find better ______ to the problems that you face.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

7、Brainstorming can also help you get buy-in from team members for the solution chosen – after all, they're likely to be more committed to an approach if they were_____ developing it.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

8、Because brainstorming is fun, it helps team members bond, as they solve problems in a ______, rewarding environment.
    A、diverse
    B、involved in
    C、non-judgment
    D、positive

9、While brainstorming can be effective, it's important to approach it with an open mind and a spirit of _____.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

10、Brainstorming techniques are what you turn to when you’re stuck and don’t know what to do next.

11、Brainstorming techniques encourage people to come up with clear and insightful ideas.

12、In brainstorming, criticism of ideas is welcomed when the ideas are found to be crazy or irrelevant.

13、Participants of brainstorm should focus on extending or adding to ideas, reserving criticism for a later 'critical stage' of the process.

14、The greater the number of ideas generated the bigger the chance of producing a radical and effective solution.

15、Mind mapping is the best way to do brainstorming.

16、Mind map is a colorful, spider- or tree-like shape branches out to show relationships, solve problems creatively, and help you remember what you’ve learned.

17、Mind mapping is a highly effective way of getting information in and out of your brain. It is a creative and logical means of note-taking.

18、When drawing a mind map, figure out sub-themes of your main concept and draw branches to them from the center, making it look like a circle.

19、Brainstorming and Mind-mapping are useful not only in academic writing, but also helpful if you have some questions and want to find answers to that.

Unit 9

Unit 9 Quiz

1、Read the following paragraph and consider the way for its information organization. (1) Face to face communication with people of different cultures can be quite tricky because of different communication styles. (2) For example, rules of conversation such as turn-taking and the use of silence differ across cultures. Turn-taking or waiting for someone to finish speaking before one says anything is a sign of politeness in many cultures. However, in some cultures, frequently interrupting someone when speaking may indicate that one has one’s heart in the subject matter, rather than rudeness. Silence may express disagreement or dislike in one culture but agreement or consent in another culture. A lack of awareness of these different rules of conversation can sometimes lead to misunderstandings in communication that can be quite costly in business. (3) For instance, in discussing the terms of a business contract for a building project, the interpretation of silence as agreement when it in fact indicates disagreement on the part of the contractor can lead to serious complications later, causing unnecessary delays and work stoppages which can cost the company hundreds or thousands of dollars. How does the writer organize its information?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

2、Read the following paragraph and consider the way for its information organization. (1) Whether you decide to set up your own business consultancy or to be employed in a consultancy firm depends very much on your financial status. (2) If you set up your own business, you need to provide the initial capital outlay to get your business started by using funds from your own savings or borrowing money from a bank or both. (3) In contrast, if you join a consultancy firm that is already established, you do not need to provide any cash to get the business up and running. (4) Another consideration is that when your business consultancy is set up, you still need to have sufficient funds for the day-today running of the business. (5) However, if you are an employee in a company, while you may be responsible in some way to help the company make profits, you do not need to provide funds for the day-to-day running of the business. (6) Finally, in the unfortunate event that your business goes bankrupt, you will not only lose your source of income, but you may fi nd yourself in serious debt. (7) On the other hand, if a consultancy firm that you work for has to close down, while you will still end up losing your job and source of income, you will not be saddled with debts to pay off. (8) As such, it seems that the decision to set up one’s own business consultancy may be easier to take for those who are financially better off. How does the writer organize its information?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

3、Read the following essay and finish the exercises. Florida’s Trapped Tourists Florida is the nation's virtual melting pot for many reasons. One of the biggest reasons is that the state is awash in tourist attractions. The Sunshine State's variety of attractions often makes it easy for those who live there to identify and classify the tourists. South Florida's natural attractions hint of adventure; Orlando's theme parks lure families and newlyweds; West Palm Beach promises a snobby, luxurious life-style; and Key West offers hedonistic escapades. One classification of Florida tourists is the tropical adventurer, easily distinguishable by an ever-present camera or video recorder. Although even Floridians occasionally take pictures, cameras provide one clue that someone is a visitor to the state. For example, a man wearing a pith helmet, a fifty-pocket photo vest, Banana Republic shorts, and L.L. Bean super-duty sandals while taking pictures of children looking miserably cute in the glaring sun could be a Floridian; however, if the guy in the pseudo-adventurer garb is telling the children to move closer together so he can include a palm tree, airboat, stuffed alligator, or bikini-clad bimbo, he is a tourist. This man falls into the tropical adventurer category because he is not trying to capture a special moment in his children’s lives, but endeavoring to record a particular object that proves to friends and family that he has indeed led his brood upon a Sunshine State safari. It is always the background that this type is focused on, the proof of tropical adventure. Another type of easily identified tourists includes those drawn like lemmings to the magical, mystical, or confined-animal theme parks. These people may include families or hand-holding, smooching newlyweds. They are all under the impression that a park such as Rodent World is the perfect fun or romantic getaway. These tourists obviously find it fun and romantic to stand in long lines among rude teenagers and whiny toddlers who are constantly being chastised by grumpy, overweight, under-dressed, sweaty parents – all suffering from the heat and habitual humidity or the punctual afternoon thunderstorms. When the storms do strike, a bizarre scenario unfolds: The individual tourists are transformed into a giant pulsating entity composed of a zillion bright yellow plastic ponchos bearing a portrait of "the Rodent." Battalions of these tourists, all clad in these fourteen-dollar-bright-yellow slickers are a true testament of the Rodent's mass-marketing magic. If it isn't raining, this variety of tourist is distinguishable by goofy-looking hats and T-shirts bearing the likenesses of various princesses, ducks, mice, dogs, chipmunks, or various other “cutesified” critters. The Palm Beach set also stands out as a distinct variation of tourists. Often, these are successful businessmen (or their sons) and their wives, all of whom showcase deep tans from leisurely or sporting activities. They often wear expensive, name-brand resort clothes, or nautical-motif attire. The women can be identified by "name-dropping" shopping bags, enormous sunglasses, strange hats, and expensive sandals on perfectly pedicured feet. The men are usually found on the golf course or in the country club lounge, where they brag of luxury cars, sailboats, stock market prowess, or deep-sea fishing conquests. Because some of these people spend many months in the state, they have even convinced themselves that they are true "Floridians," not tourists. Daytona Beach also adds to Florida's melting-pot of tourism, but Daytona visitors arrive by season: In February and July, it's auto-racing fans; in March and April, it's college students on spring break; and in the fall, it's Speed Week bikers. However, if a member of one group tends to stray into another group's season, it's still easy to sort out who's who. Auto racing fans wear shirts with giant numbers that barely cover giant bellies; the college kids don't wear shirts at all; and the bikers are the totally nude, tattooed dudes (and“dudettes”) spraying one another down in the car washes. The final group of tourists is far more difficult to spot because it is easy to blend into the locale: Key West. There are few places, for example, where a large man can slip into a small, tight-fitting, zebra-striped dress; plant a cheap, blond wig on his head; toss on a pair of spiked heels; and fit right in with the crowd. Although the Key West carnival atmosphere can make tourists more difficult to spot, they are not completely invisible. Pale skin, fiery red skin, or peeling skin are clues. So are new Hawaiian shirts, designer swim suits, and the stench of Coppertone. So too are the stunned looks at restaurants when visitors learn that the glass of water they requested costs more than the rumladen planter's punch. By happy hour, however, all differences tend to dissolve in Margaritaville as everything becomes a tropical blur, and all are totally uncaring of who is native and who is tourist. Of course, all of this is not to say that Floridians begrudge tourists their "traps" because the "natives" often visit them, too. In fact, many Floridians visit theme parks, the Palm Beaches, Daytona, or Key West because they enjoy watching tourists. The tourists who flock to Florida attractions become Florida attractions themselves. How does the writer organize the essay?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

4、Pick up the signal words used to indicate this organization. (1) Face to face communication with people of different cultures can be quite tricky because of different communication styles. (2) For example, rules of conversation such as turn-taking and the use of silence differ across cultures. Turn-taking or waiting for someone to finish speaking before one says anything is a sign of politeness in many cultures. However, in some cultures, frequently interrupting someone when speaking may indicate that one has one’s heart in the subject matter, rather than rudeness. Silence may express disagreement or dislike in one culture but agreement or consent in another culture. A lack of awareness of these different rules of conversation can sometimes lead to misunderstandings in communication that can be quite costly in business. (3) For instance, in discussing the terms of a business contract for a building project, the interpretation of silence as agreement when it in fact indicates disagreement on the part of the contractor can lead to serious complications later, causing unnecessary delays and work stoppages which can cost the company hundreds or thousands of dollars.

5、Pick up the signal words used to indicate this organization. (1) Whether you decide to set up your own business consultancy or to be employed in a consultancy firm depends very much on your financial status. (2) If you set up your own business, you need to provide the initial capital outlay to get your business started by using funds from your own savings or borrowing money from a bank or both. (3) In contrast, if you join a consultancy firm that is already established, you do not need to provide any cash to get the business up and running. (4) Another consideration is that when your business consultancy is set up, you still need to have sufficient funds for the day-today running of the business. (5) However, if you are an employee in a company, while you may be responsible in some way to help the company make profits, you do not need to provide funds for the day-to-day running of the business. (6) Finally, in the unfortunate event that your business goes bankrupt, you will not only lose your source of income, but you may fi nd yourself in serious debt. (7) On the other hand, if a consultancy firm that you work for has to close down, while you will still end up losing your job and source of income, you will not be saddled with debts to pay off. (8) As such, it seems that the decision to set up one’s own business consultancy may be easier to take for those who are financially better off.

6、What types of tourists have you noticed in the following essay? Florida’s Trapped Tourists Florida is the nation's virtual melting pot for many reasons. One of the biggest reasons is that the state is awash in tourist attractions. The Sunshine State's variety of attractions often makes it easy for those who live there to identify and classify the tourists. South Florida's natural attractions hint of adventure; Orlando's theme parks lure families and newlyweds; West Palm Beach promises a snobby, luxurious life-style; and Key West offers hedonistic escapades. One classification of Florida tourists is the tropical adventurer, easily distinguishable by an ever-present camera or video recorder. Although even Floridians occasionally take pictures, cameras provide one clue that someone is a visitor to the state. For example, a man wearing a pith helmet, a fifty-pocket photo vest, Banana Republic shorts, and L.L. Bean super-duty sandals while taking pictures of children looking miserably cute in the glaring sun could be a Floridian; however, if the guy in the pseudo-adventurer garb is telling the children to move closer together so he can include a palm tree, airboat, stuffed alligator, or bikini-clad bimbo, he is a tourist. This man falls into the tropical adventurer category because he is not trying to capture a special moment in his children’s lives, but endeavoring to record a particular object that proves to friends and family that he has indeed led his brood upon a Sunshine State safari. It is always the background that this type is focused on, the proof of tropical adventure. Another type of easily identified tourists includes those drawn like lemmings to the magical, mystical, or confined-animal theme parks. These people may include families or hand-holding, smooching newlyweds. They are all under the impression that a park such as Rodent World is the perfect fun or romantic getaway. These tourists obviously find it fun and romantic to stand in long lines among rude teenagers and whiny toddlers who are constantly being chastised by grumpy, overweight, under-dressed, sweaty parents – all suffering from the heat and habitual humidity or the punctual afternoon thunderstorms. When the storms do strike, a bizarre scenario unfolds: The individual tourists are transformed into a giant pulsating entity composed of a zillion bright yellow plastic ponchos bearing a portrait of "the Rodent." Battalions of these tourists, all clad in these fourteen-dollar-bright-yellow slickers are a true testament of the Rodent's mass-marketing magic. If it isn't raining, this variety of tourist is distinguishable by goofy-looking hats and T-shirts bearing the likenesses of various princesses, ducks, mice, dogs, chipmunks, or various other “cutesified” critters. The Palm Beach set also stands out as a distinct variation of tourists. Often, these are successful businessmen (or their sons) and their wives, all of whom showcase deep tans from leisurely or sporting activities. They often wear expensive, name-brand resort clothes, or nautical-motif attire. The women can be identified by "name-dropping" shopping bags, enormous sunglasses, strange hats, and expensive sandals on perfectly pedicured feet. The men are usually found on the golf course or in the country club lounge, where they brag of luxury cars, sailboats, stock market prowess, or deep-sea fishing conquests. Because some of these people spend many months in the state, they have even convinced themselves that they are true "Floridians," not tourists. Daytona Beach also adds to Florida's melting-pot of tourism, but Daytona visitors arrive by season: In February and July, it's auto-racing fans; in March and April, it's college students on spring break; and in the fall, it's Speed Week bikers. However, if a member of one group tends to stray into another group's season, it's still easy to sort out who's who. Auto racing fans wear shirts with giant numbers that barely cover giant bellies; the college kids don't wear shirts at all; and the bikers are the totally nude, tattooed dudes (and“dudettes”) spraying one another down in the car washes. The final group of tourists is far more difficult to spot because it is easy to blend into the locale: Key West. There are few places, for example, where a large man can slip into a small, tight-fitting, zebra-striped dress; plant a cheap, blond wig on his head; toss on a pair of spiked heels; and fit right in with the crowd. Although the Key West carnival atmosphere can make tourists more difficult to spot, they are not completely invisible. Pale skin, fiery red skin, or peeling skin are clues. So are new Hawaiian shirts, designer swim suits, and the stench of Coppertone. So too are the stunned looks at restaurants when visitors learn that the glass of water they requested costs more than the rumladen planter's punch. By happy hour, however, all differences tend to dissolve in Margaritaville as everything becomes a tropical blur, and all are totally uncaring of who is native and who is tourist. Of course, all of this is not to say that Floridians begrudge tourists their "traps" because the "natives" often visit them, too. In fact, many Floridians visit theme parks, the Palm Beaches, Daytona, or Key West because they enjoy watching tourists. The tourists who flock to Florida attractions become Florida attractions themselves.

Unit 10

Unit 10 Quiz

1、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: I enjoy weekends.
    A、I can sleep late Saturday morning.
    B、My friends and I can visit and run around.
    C、I can do all kinds of shopping.
    D、School assignments are due on Monday.

2、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: Carlos is very interested in cars.
    A、He knows all the details about all the manufacturers’ models.
    B、His parents allow him $5 50 a week for gas.
    C、He spends a lot of time each week making improvements on his old Ford
    D、If there is a new-car exhibit in town, you will find him there.

3、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: I easily give up doing my homework.
    A、I always start to feel hungry and go into the kitchen for a snack.
    B、I'll leave my studying to investigate any noise I hear.
    C、While I study, I try to listen to the radio with one ear.
    D、for me, physics is the hardest subject.

4、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: The weather has been changeable.
    A、On Sunday we had a high wind that blew down some trees.
    B、Monday was so cold we had to turn on the heat and wear our winter coats.
    C、Tuesday we formed a group to go roller-skating.
    D、By Wednesday the weather cleared and the sun came out.

5、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: All the people on our block give us trouble.
    A、Mrs. Brown calls the police whenever we want to play ball on the street.
    B、Mrs. Gonzales invites us in for lemonade every day
    C、If we happen to stray into Mr. Hardy's yard, he yells at us.
    D、Mrs. Johnson complains that skateboarding makes too much noise.

6、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. When he was almost at the top, his foot had slipped on a loose rock, and he had nearly fallen 1,000 feet down the steep side of the peak. b. At the bottom, Professor John Mathewson had sprained his ankle. c. Finally, Professor John Mathewson crawled to the top of Mt. Everest. d. It had been a long, hard climb to the top. e. Partway up, he had lost his rope. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、d b e a c
    B、d e a c b
    C、e a c b d
    D、a b d c e

7、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Then, too, my mother wanted me to stay close to my sister. b. I argued that two of year of study abroad would help me a lot at this stage of my career. c. For one thing my, father was not well. d. Finally my sister offered to stay at home alone during my absence. e. I found it hard to leave my home and travel to another land. f. This made some of my problems begin to vanish. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、a b c d e f
    B、e c a b d f
    C、e c a f d b
    D、c f b d e a

8、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Behind the house a hill rose sharply. b. Standing at the edge of the road, I looked up the gently winding driveway that climbed to the front of the house. c. I had never seen such a lovely setting for a house. d. The hill ended in a curved peak that seemed to frame the whole scene. e. The house stood on a level space surrounded by tall oak trees. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、a b d c e
    B、c b d a e
    C、c b e a d
    D、b e a d c

9、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. He spent the first fifteen minutes of the hour working on the first of ten examination problems. b. He spent other minutes doodling on his test paper, c. Jose did not complete his mathematics examination yesterday. d. Like many college students, he does not know how to use time profitably during an examination Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、c d a b
    B、a c b d
    C、c d b a
    D、c a b d

10、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Then you will come to a hallway leading to the library’s music room. b. Walking around the information desk to the left, you will pass a children reading room on your right. c. The sign reads: To the Music Room. d. As you enter the main door of the library, you will see the information desk directly in front of you. e. At the end of the hallway you will see a sign. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、d b e a c
    B、d b a e c
    C、a b e c d
    D、e d b a c

11、The following is a list of sentences which forms an introduction section. Read each of them and rearrange them in a logical order of the introduction. a. With the application of audio and visual materials in teaching, the class will become alive and attractive. b. and then analyze the advantages they will bring to the teachers as well as students. c. Teaching method is always a heated topic for teachers to make his or her class well. d. Such a class can not only develop students’ initiatives but also improve teachers teaching performance. e. Multimedia techniques will help teachers make a class better. f. The essay will first demonstrate the significance of multimedia techniques; g. Traditional classes are teacher-centered and the teaching pattern is “one chalk, one blackboard”. h. According to Wikipedia, multimedia techniques refer to the techniques of the combined use of media such as television, slides, etc, esp. in education. i. The purpose of the essay is to study the advantages multimedia techniques bring to a class. j. This pattern can easily lead to a boring and tedious class.

Unit 11

Unit 11 Quiz

1、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    A、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    B、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    C、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    D、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.

2、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days.
    A、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    B、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    C、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    D、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days

3、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    A、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    B、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    C、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    D、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.

4、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    A、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    B、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    C、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    D、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.

5、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    A、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    B、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    C、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    D、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.

6、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    A、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    B、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    C、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    D、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.

7、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    A、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    B、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    C、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    D、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.

8、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    A、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    B、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    C、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    D、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.

9、The basic components of all arguments involve three interdependent elements: claim(C), support (S)and warrant(W). Please read the following sentences and figure out which one each sentence belongs to. Art is fundamental to cultural life; people want to live where art flourishes. ( ) Inner-city art schools must receive more government funding. ( ) Studies show that a vibrant arts scene improves the local economy. ( )
    A、W C S
    B、C S W
    C、W S C
    D、C W S

10、The basic components of all arguments involve three interdependent elements: claim(C), support (S)and warrant(W). Please read the following sentences and figure out which one each sentence belongs to. Probably about only 10% of your manuscript should appear as directed quoted matter. ( ) Students frequently overuse direct quotations in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final research paper. ( ) Therefore, you should limit the amount of exact of transcribing of source materials while taking note. ( )
    A、S C W
    B、C S W
    C、S W C
    D、C W S

Unit 12

Unit 12 Quiz

1、Which statement is false in terms of the importance of making presentation in English?
    A、English is widely used around the world.
    B、English is more superior to other language.
    C、English is an effective tool to express your views.
    D、For college students, English is significant in academic study.

2、Which is not the feature of a presentation?
    A、A presentation use visual aids to show some information to the audience.
    B、A presentation involves explaining your ideas.
    C、When you explain something, the presenter should not talk about the backstory about the topic.
    D、When presenting ideas, the presenter need to use formal and academic language.

3、Which one does not belong to the ‘four types of presentation’?
    A、Informative presentation with a descriptive feature.
    B、Persuasive presentation to motive and convince.
    C、Goodwill presentation with the entertaining and ceremonial characteristic.
    D、Story-telling presentation to describe a story.

4、Which statement is false in terms of the process of presentation?
    A、You do not need to prepare for the Question & Answer section.
    B、You need to set your objectives of your presentation
    C、You need to choose the structure of your presentation.
    D、You need to rehearse your presentation.

5、Which statement is false in term of the application of presentation structure?
    A、For research presentation, the frequently used structure is Introduction—Body—Conclusion.
    B、The Past --- Present --- Future mode is commonly applied in persuasive speech where you pitch a solution to a business problem.
    C、In a persuasive presentation, people use the Complication—Resolution—Example mode as well.
    D、Pros-Cons-Recommendation mode is not suitable for persuasive presentation.

6、There are different types of visuals. Which one is flow chart?
    A、It shows chain of command, hierarchies in an organization
    B、It illustrates a series of steps in a procedure, decision, or other “stepwise” process
    C、It shows how percentages relate to each other within a whole
    D、It compares data in two dimensions

7、Your posture can send messages. Which statement is false to explain your posture?
    A、Leaning to one side – You don’t really want to be there, you are trying to slip away;
    B、Pacing across the speaking area - Without purpose and with no relation to the speech – You can’t wait to get out. You are wasting your time there.
    C、You turn your back on the audience whilst you speak – You are telling lies to your audience.
    D、A clenched fist to show anger. It is hostile and threatening. It could also convey the sense you are hiding something.

8、Which one is not the reason for using poster?
    A、Posters facilitate informal communication with viewers.
    B、Posters are handy
    C、Posters can be used as a cure for public speaking panic
    D、Posters are beautiful.

9、Which one is not the feature of a poster?
    A、A good poster is always big enough.
    B、A good poster focuses on a core message.
    C、A good poster contains graphs and images.
    D、An effective poster always keeps the sequence well-organized.

10、Here are some suggestions for creating good posters. Which statement is wrong?
    A、Before starting work on your poster, consider message, space, budget, format, and deadlines.
    B、You need to focus your core message and ask yourself which details are absolutely essential for conveying your message.
    C、Use a clear layout to move readers through your poster.
    D、Headings are not that important.

学术素养课程结业测试

学术素养英语课程结业测试

1、Please read the following assignment description carefully and find out which parameter for the assignment is not clear. “Your assignment is to write a 3- page paper (5-7 pages, Times New Roman 12 pt. font, 1 inch margins, APA format) answering the questions “…………” Answers to these questions should be based upon a careful analysis of the cases studied in the articles and class discussion.
    A、Deadline
    B、The length
    C、Format
    D、Reference

2、When choosing a tentative topic, you should find out except______
    A、How general your search topic might be
    B、Its relevance to the assignment
    C、The amount of research material available on the topic
    D、How narrow your research topic must be

3、The following sources are considered as appropriate and necessary source of gathering information at college-level work except
    A、Newspaper and magazine
    B、Libraries
    C、Database
    D、Online materials

4、Which statement about CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure is not true?
    A、The materials on it cannot be downloaded for protecting copyright.
    B、It is one of the highly recommended databases.
    C、It has built a comprehensive China Integrated Knowledge Resources System.
    D、It is the largest and mostly-used academic online library in Chia.

5、Credibility of the sources could be evaluated by asking questions except ______
    A、Are the opinions in your sources popularly accepted
    B、Is the information useful/relevant?
    C、Is the information credible?
    D、Are your sources till current?

6、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Undo the shaft-wrench on the grondle-spigot and then insert the mainstay into the cleft on the right hand side of the jack-end bite snap.
    A、instruction manual
    B、novel
    C、newspaper story
    D、academic report

7、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Perhaps your best bet for accommodation would be to stay at one of the numerous family-run hotels in the city centre. They are usually very friendly, clean and remarkably good value and most of them serve reasonably- priced food.
    A、academic report
    B、post card
    C、travel article
    D、workplace email

8、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. After dinner, Greene sat and waited in his room over the old bakery in Admiralty Street. Down below he could hear the tourists on their way to the evening market or one of the many average eateries that lined the water front – the children were shouting and screaming out of control while their parents called after them not to get lost. How strange he thought, do they think their children would get lost on purpose? Then he smiled to himself – why not, he had.
    A、academic report
    B、novel
    C、post card
    D、workplace email

9、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Zarkon V was situated deep in Sector Two, light years from the nearest United Planetary Confederation’s observation station. As a result, the colony was a largely lawless society and not one for the faint-hearted.
    A、workplace email
    B、academic report
    C、grammar textbook
    D、science fiction story

10、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Completed form AP/714 together with transcripts and original qualification certificates must be submitted to the Secretariat by the end of the month. Failure to meet these requirements will result in the instant termination of the candidate’s application.
    A、administrative document
    B、workplace email
    C、newspaper story
    D、novel

11、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. The suspect, a 43 year old man, was arrested at his home in Sai Kung in the early hours of Thursday morning. Police would not comment on the identity of the man but stated later that he was helping them with their enquiries into a recent bank robbery in Central in which three bank employees were injured.
    A、administrative document
    B、travel article
    C、post card
    D、newspaper story

12、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. I would like all staff to attend an emergency departmental meeting in the conference room after work. I apologize for the late notice but I’m afraid that we have some very important issues to discuss. Thank you for your understanding.
    A、travel article
    B、workplace email
    C、grammar textbook
    D、administrative document

13、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. The data was obtained from interviewing 150 year one students about their experiences during their first month at university. The respondents were asked 20 multiple-choice questions divided in to four sections on orientation, course information, socializing and belonging. The questionnaires were administered at the end of September and the results collated the following month.
    A、academic report
    B、grammar textbook
    C、novel
    D、science fiction story

14、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Hi there ! Having a great time ! Sun, sea and sand !!! Food’s fantastic and the people are great. Off to the night market this evening and then up Mount Palawag on Saturday – hope I’m fit enough!!! Trust all’s well at work – see you soon. C & E.
    A、academic report
    B、workplace email
    C、post card
    D、science fiction story

15、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Some verbs are used transitively and intransitively with different kinds of subject; the intransitive use has a meaning rather like a passive or reflexive verb and these verbs have commonly become known as ergative verbs.
    A、workplace email
    B、grammar textbook
    C、administrative document
    D、post card

16、Which of the following help us identify main ideas and structures?
    A、It’s a very confusing picture.
    B、We’ll examine two contrasting opinions about...
    C、Here are some explanations.
    D、This group of statistics shows...

17、Which of the following tells us that the lecturer is going to move from one point to the next?
    A、We take it for granted that...
    B、This is also the most substantial issue.
    C、From there, we’ll move on to slightly wider applications
    D、Therefore, you have to provide an element for this operation.

18、Which of the following hints a conclusion?
    A、For example, copy the English resource file to the Japanese one, then add some Japanese characters in front of each value.
    B、so, we come finally to the conclusion…
    C、Not as much as you might think that...
    D、But this is especially important with virtual meetings because...

19、When you hear the sentence pattern “Now, getting back to our main point…”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to make a conclusion
    B、The speaker is going to give further explanation
    C、The speaker is going to return to the key idea
    D、The speaker is going to give background information

20、When you hear the sentence pattern “In this case however, despite the name of the property...”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to give contrasting information
    B、The speaker is going to refer to some visuals
    C、The speaker is going to give background information
    D、The speaker is going to give a definition

21、When you hear the sentence pattern“Can you look at the Chart…”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to give background information
    B、The speaker is going to make a conclusion
    C、The speaker is moving on to another topic
    D、The speaker is going to refer to some visuals

22、When you hear the sentence pattern“Let me give you an example of what I mean.”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to further illustrate the point by evidences
    B、The speaker is going to make classification
    C、The speaker is going to do listing
    D、The speaker is going to give introduction

23、“info” for “information” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

24、“govt” for “government” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

25、“schl” for “school” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

26、“ck'g” for “checking” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Abbreviate -ing

27、“AR” for “acid rain” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Abbreviate -ing

28、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The buying power of the average American rose by an extraordinary 32 times between 1789 and 2002, _________ Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8).
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

29、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8) ______ the 200-year growth of material goods in the US as ‘unprecedented’.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

30、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8) _____ capitalism led to an ‘unprecedented growth’ in the U.S. economy after 1789.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

31、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. _____ Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8), there is a clear link between capitalism and growth.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

32、Plagiarism is______, it is the act of passing off another person's intellectual property as your own and taking credit for another person's work.
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

33、Colleges and universities take ________ very seriously and are very hard on students who commit plagiarism.
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

34、Some possible ______ of plagiarism include receiving a failing grade for an assignment, failing the entire course, and even expulsion from school.
    A、stealing
    B、avoid
    C、consequences
    D、prevent

35、Copyright is the law put in place to ______ plagiarism. When someone copyrights something, it means they own the rights to copying that item.
    A、stealing
    B、avoid
    C、consequences
    D、prevent

36、Many things are ______ — images, articles, books, poetry, and even ideas.
    A、copyrighted
    B、stealing
    C、avoid
    D、consequences

37、We all know laws are difficult to interpret without a degree from a law school, so how do you_____ copyright violations in college?
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

38、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan Which of the following is the plan of publicity?
    A、Jewelries
    B、photo studio
    C、Greece for honeymoon
    D、$20,000

39、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan Which of the following is the plan of Program Agenda?
    A、Cocktail hour
    B、The number of chairs needed
    C、What tie to wear
    D、None of the above

40、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan What candies to buy is the task of the person who takes care of ____.
    A、Overview
    B、Guest List
    C、Logistics
    D、Publicity

41、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan If you want to corporate some of the branches, which two might be the branches you want to put together?
    A、Overview and Guest List
    B、Guest List and Publicity
    C、Guest List and Program Agenda
    D、Publicity and Logistics

42、When used during problem solving, brainstorming brings team members' _______ experience into play.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

43、Brainstorming increases the richness of ideas explored, which means that you can often find better ______ to the problems that you face.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

44、Brainstorming can also help you get buy-in from team members for the solution chosen – after all, they're likely to be more committed to an approach if they were_____ developing it.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

45、Because brainstorming is fun, it helps team members bond, as they solve problems in a ______, rewarding environment.
    A、diverse
    B、involved in
    C、non-judgment
    D、positive

46、While brainstorming can be effective, it's important to approach it with an open mind and a spirit of _____.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

47、Read the following paragraph and consider the way for its information organization. (1) Face to face communication with people of different cultures can be quite tricky because of different communication styles. (2) For example, rules of conversation such as turn-taking and the use of silence differ across cultures. Turn-taking or waiting for someone to finish speaking before one says anything is a sign of politeness in many cultures. However, in some cultures, frequently interrupting someone when speaking may indicate that one has one’s heart in the subject matter, rather than rudeness. Silence may express disagreement or dislike in one culture but agreement or consent in another culture. A lack of awareness of these different rules of conversation can sometimes lead to misunderstandings in communication that can be quite costly in business. (3) For instance, in discussing the terms of a business contract for a building project, the interpretation of silence as agreement when it in fact indicates disagreement on the part of the contractor can lead to serious complications later, causing unnecessary delays and work stoppages which can cost the company hundreds or thousands of dollars. How does the writer organize its information?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

48、Read the following paragraph and consider the way for its information organization. (1) Whether you decide to set up your own business consultancy or to be employed in a consultancy firm depends very much on your financial status. (2) If you set up your own business, you need to provide the initial capital outlay to get your business started by using funds from your own savings or borrowing money from a bank or both. (3) In contrast, if you join a consultancy firm that is already established, you do not need to provide any cash to get the business up and running. (4) Another consideration is that when your business consultancy is set up, you still need to have sufficient funds for the day-today running of the business. (5) However, if you are an employee in a company, while you may be responsible in some way to help the company make profits, you do not need to provide funds for the day-to-day running of the business. (6) Finally, in the unfortunate event that your business goes bankrupt, you will not only lose your source of income, but you may fi nd yourself in serious debt. (7) On the other hand, if a consultancy firm that you work for has to close down, while you will still end up losing your job and source of income, you will not be saddled with debts to pay off. (8) As such, it seems that the decision to set up one’s own business consultancy may be easier to take for those who are financially better off. How does the writer organize its information?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

49、Read the following essay and finish the exercises. Florida’s Trapped Tourists Florida is the nation's virtual melting pot for many reasons. One of the biggest reasons is that the state is awash in tourist attractions. The Sunshine State's variety of attractions often makes it easy for those who live there to identify and classify the tourists. South Florida's natural attractions hint of adventure; Orlando's theme parks lure families and newlyweds; West Palm Beach promises a snobby, luxurious life-style; and Key West offers hedonistic escapades. One classification of Florida tourists is the tropical adventurer, easily distinguishable by an ever-present camera or video recorder. Although even Floridians occasionally take pictures, cameras provide one clue that someone is a visitor to the state. For example, a man wearing a pith helmet, a fifty-pocket photo vest, Banana Republic shorts, and L.L. Bean super-duty sandals while taking pictures of children looking miserably cute in the glaring sun could be a Floridian; however, if the guy in the pseudo-adventurer garb is telling the children to move closer together so he can include a palm tree, airboat, stuffed alligator, or bikini-clad bimbo, he is a tourist. This man falls into the tropical adventurer category because he is not trying to capture a special moment in his children’s lives, but endeavoring to record a particular object that proves to friends and family that he has indeed led his brood upon a Sunshine State safari. It is always the background that this type is focused on, the proof of tropical adventure. Another type of easily identified tourists includes those drawn like lemmings to the magical, mystical, or confined-animal theme parks. These people may include families or hand-holding, smooching newlyweds. They are all under the impression that a park such as Rodent World is the perfect fun or romantic getaway. These tourists obviously find it fun and romantic to stand in long lines among rude teenagers and whiny toddlers who are constantly being chastised by grumpy, overweight, under-dressed, sweaty parents – all suffering from the heat and habitual humidity or the punctual afternoon thunderstorms. When the storms do strike, a bizarre scenario unfolds: The individual tourists are transformed into a giant pulsating entity composed of a zillion bright yellow plastic ponchos bearing a portrait of "the Rodent." Battalions of these tourists, all clad in these fourteen-dollar-bright-yellow slickers are a true testament of the Rodent's mass-marketing magic. If it isn't raining, this variety of tourist is distinguishable by goofy-looking hats and T-shirts bearing the likenesses of various princesses, ducks, mice, dogs, chipmunks, or various other “cutesified” critters. The Palm Beach set also stands out as a distinct variation of tourists. Often, these are successful businessmen (or their sons) and their wives, all of whom showcase deep tans from leisurely or sporting activities. They often wear expensive, name-brand resort clothes, or nautical-motif attire. The women can be identified by "name-dropping" shopping bags, enormous sunglasses, strange hats, and expensive sandals on perfectly pedicured feet. The men are usually found on the golf course or in the country club lounge, where they brag of luxury cars, sailboats, stock market prowess, or deep-sea fishing conquests. Because some of these people spend many months in the state, they have even convinced themselves that they are true "Floridians," not tourists. Daytona Beach also adds to Florida's melting-pot of tourism, but Daytona visitors arrive by season: In February and July, it's auto-racing fans; in March and April, it's college students on spring break; and in the fall, it's Speed Week bikers. However, if a member of one group tends to stray into another group's season, it's still easy to sort out who's who. Auto racing fans wear shirts with giant numbers that barely cover giant bellies; the college kids don't wear shirts at all; and the bikers are the totally nude, tattooed dudes (and“dudettes”) spraying one another down in the car washes. The final group of tourists is far more difficult to spot because it is easy to blend into the locale: Key West. There are few places, for example, where a large man can slip into a small, tight-fitting, zebra-striped dress; plant a cheap, blond wig on his head; toss on a pair of spiked heels; and fit right in with the crowd. Although the Key West carnival atmosphere can make tourists more difficult to spot, they are not completely invisible. Pale skin, fiery red skin, or peeling skin are clues. So are new Hawaiian shirts, designer swim suits, and the stench of Coppertone. So too are the stunned looks at restaurants when visitors learn that the glass of water they requested costs more than the rumladen planter's punch. By happy hour, however, all differences tend to dissolve in Margaritaville as everything becomes a tropical blur, and all are totally uncaring of who is native and who is tourist. Of course, all of this is not to say that Floridians begrudge tourists their "traps" because the "natives" often visit them, too. In fact, many Floridians visit theme parks, the Palm Beaches, Daytona, or Key West because they enjoy watching tourists. The tourists who flock to Florida attractions become Florida attractions themselves. How does the writer organize the essay?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

50、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: I enjoy weekends.
    A、I can sleep late Saturday morning.
    B、My friends and I can visit and run around.
    C、I can do all kinds of shopping.
    D、School assignments are due on Monday.

51、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: Carlos is very interested in cars.
    A、He knows all the details about all the manufacturers’ models.
    B、His parents allow him $5 50 a week for gas.
    C、He spends a lot of time each week making improvements on his old Ford
    D、If there is a new-car exhibit in town, you will find him there.

52、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: I easily give up doing my homework.
    A、I always start to feel hungry and go into the kitchen for a snack.
    B、I'll leave my studying to investigate any noise I hear.
    C、While I study, I try to listen to the radio with one ear.
    D、for me, physics is the hardest subject.

53、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: The weather has been changeable.
    A、On Sunday we had a high wind that blew down some trees.
    B、Monday was so cold we had to turn on the heat and wear our winter coats.
    C、Tuesday we formed a group to go roller-skating.
    D、By Wednesday the weather cleared and the sun came out.

54、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: All the people on our block give us trouble.
    A、Mrs. Brown calls the police whenever we want to play ball on the street.
    B、Mrs. Gonzales invites us in for lemonade every day
    C、If we happen to stray into Mr. Hardy's yard, he yells at us.
    D、Mrs. Johnson complains that skateboarding makes too much noise.

55、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. When he was almost at the top, his foot had slipped on a loose rock, and he had nearly fallen 1,000 feet down the steep side of the peak. b. At the bottom, Professor John Mathewson had sprained his ankle. c. Finally, Professor John Mathewson crawled to the top of Mt. Everest. d. It had been a long, hard climb to the top. e. Partway up, he had lost his rope. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、d b e a c
    B、d e a c b
    C、e a c b d
    D、a b d c e

56、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Then, too, my mother wanted me to stay close to my sister. b. I argued that two of year of study abroad would help me a lot at this stage of my career. c. For one thing my, father was not well. d. Finally my sister offered to stay at home alone during my absence. e. I found it hard to leave my home and travel to another land. f. This made some of my problems begin to vanish. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、a b c d e f
    B、e c a b d f
    C、e c a f d b
    D、c f b d e a

57、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Behind the house a hill rose sharply. b. Standing at the edge of the road, I looked up the gently winding driveway that climbed to the front of the house. c. I had never seen such a lovely setting for a house. d. The hill ended in a curved peak that seemed to frame the whole scene. e. The house stood on a level space surrounded by tall oak trees. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、a b d c e
    B、c b d a e
    C、c b e a d
    D、b e a d c

58、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. He spent the first fifteen minutes of the hour working on the first of ten examination problems. b. He spent other minutes doodling on his test paper, c. Jose did not complete his mathematics examination yesterday. d. Like many college students, he does not know how to use time profitably during an examination Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、c d a b
    B、a c b d
    C、c d b a
    D、c a b d

59、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Then you will come to a hallway leading to the library’s music room. b. Walking around the information desk to the left, you will pass a children reading room on your right. c. The sign reads: To the Music Room. d. As you enter the main door of the library, you will see the information desk directly in front of you. e. At the end of the hallway you will see a sign. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、d b e a c
    B、d b a e c
    C、a b e c d
    D、e d b a c

60、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    A、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    B、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    C、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    D、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.

61、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days.
    A、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    B、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    C、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    D、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days

62、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    A、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    B、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    C、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    D、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.

63、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    A、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    B、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    C、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    D、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.

64、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    A、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    B、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    C、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    D、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.

65、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    A、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    B、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    C、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    D、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.

66、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    A、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    B、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    C、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    D、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.

67、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    A、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    B、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    C、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    D、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.

68、The basic components of all arguments involve three interdependent elements: claim(C), support (S)and warrant(W). Please read the following sentences and figure out which one each sentence belongs to. Art is fundamental to cultural life; people want to live where art flourishes. ( ) Inner-city art schools must receive more government funding. ( ) Studies show that a vibrant arts scene improves the local economy. ( )
    A、W C S
    B、C S W
    C、W S C
    D、C W S

69、The basic components of all arguments involve three interdependent elements: claim(C), support (S)and warrant(W). Please read the following sentences and figure out which one each sentence belongs to. Probably about only 10% of your manuscript should appear as directed quoted matter. ( ) Students frequently overuse direct quotations in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final research paper. ( ) Therefore, you should limit the amount of exact of transcribing of source materials while taking note. ( )
    A、S C W
    B、C S W
    C、S W C
    D、C W S

70、Which statement is false in terms of the importance of making presentation in English?
    A、English is widely used around the world.
    B、English is more superior to other language.
    C、English is an effective tool to express your views.
    D、For college students, English is significant in academic study.

71、Which is not the feature of a presentation?
    A、A presentation use visual aids to show some information to the audience.
    B、A presentation involves explaining your ideas.
    C、When you explain something, the presenter should not talk about the backstory about the topic.
    D、When presenting ideas, the presenter need to use formal and academic language.

72、Which one does not belong to the ‘four types of presentation’?
    A、Informative presentation with a descriptive feature.
    B、Persuasive presentation to motive and convince.
    C、Goodwill presentation with the entertaining and ceremonial characteristic.
    D、Story-telling presentation to describe a story.

73、Which statement is false in terms of the process of presentation?
    A、You do not need to prepare for the Question & Answer section.
    B、You need to set your objectives of your presentation
    C、You need to choose the structure of your presentation.
    D、You need to rehearse your presentation.

74、Which statement is false in term of the application of presentation structure?
    A、For research presentation, the frequently used structure is Introduction—Body—Conclusion.
    B、The Past --- Present --- Future mode is commonly applied in persuasive speech where you pitch a solution to a business problem.
    C、In a persuasive presentation, people use the Complication—Resolution—Example mode as well.
    D、Pros-Cons-Recommendation mode is not suitable for persuasive presentation.

75、There are different types of visuals. Which one is flow chart?
    A、It shows chain of command, hierarchies in an organization
    B、It illustrates a series of steps in a procedure, decision, or other “stepwise” process
    C、It shows how percentages relate to each other within a whole
    D、It compares data in two dimensions

76、Your posture can send messages. Which statement is false to explain your posture?
    A、Leaning to one side – You don’t really want to be there, you are trying to slip away;
    B、Pacing across the speaking area - Without purpose and with no relation to the speech – You can’t wait to get out. You are wasting your time there.
    C、You turn your back on the audience whilst you speak – You are telling lies to your audience.
    D、A clenched fist to show anger. It is hostile and threatening. It could also convey the sense you are hiding something.

77、Which one is not the reason for using poster?
    A、Posters facilitate informal communication with viewers.
    B、Posters are handy
    C、Posters can be used as a cure for public speaking panic
    D、Posters are beautiful.

78、Which one is not the feature of a poster?
    A、A good poster is always big enough.
    B、A good poster focuses on a core message.
    C、A good poster contains graphs and images.
    D、An effective poster always keeps the sequence well-organized.

79、Here are some suggestions for creating good posters. Which statement is wrong?
    A、Before starting work on your poster, consider message, space, budget, format, and deadlines.
    B、You need to focus your core message and ask yourself which details are absolutely essential for conveying your message.
    C、Use a clear layout to move readers through your poster.
    D、Headings are not that important.

80、We use different methods to assist comprehension when listening.

81、Conversation-styled lectures which lecturer doesn’t rely on notes and bases the lecture around audience response are not academic lectures.

82、When listening to a lecture, "sign posts” or "signals" always enables us to trace the development of ideas in the lecture and offers us a clue to organize our notes.

83、The meaning of taking notes lies in focusing more on the lecture, and listening more attentively and proactively.

84、The skill that you use in extracting main ideas from academic talks is called listening for gist.

85、As a active listener, we need to note down everything we heard as quickly as possible.

86、Distinguish between main and subsidiary information correctly is a useful way to summarize while listening

87、When we are doing paraphrase, we usually use shorter similar words or phrases for longer phrases.

88、Gist is defined as the most important pieces of information or the general information of a text.

89、Suppose you are going to acquire some general knowledge, the first thing you need to do is to make predictions while listening.

90、You need to construct your own understanding of what you hear, based on the concerned background information.

91、In order to simplify the text, you need to reduce complex sentences to simple sentences, phrases, and even single words.

92、When you paraphrase you need to use complete sentences.

93、Generally speaking, lecture slides as an outline of the content, help us identify the key topics and concepts in the lecture.

94、Taking notes means consider what appears on slides and note them down.

95、When taking notes, we need to pay special attention to nouns, active verbs, and adjectives.

96、We need to evaluate and decide what is important instead of note discriminately.

97、We’d better not reorganize nor revise our notes after the lecture. Because it may leads to misunderstanding and missing of the information.

98、We choose different forms of noting according to our own personal preferences.

99、Outlining Method requires structuring notes in form of an outline by using bullet points for different topics and subtopics.

100、Symbols and abbreviations are efficient ways of note taking.

101、We can use mathematical symbols in taking notes.

102、We’d better not generate our own Abbreviations and symbols suggested from our mother tongue.

103、Too many abbreviations and symbols would make our notes difficult to understand.

104、Annotating a text means that you take notes in the margins of a reading text.

105、Plagiarism is almost equivalent to stealing, with one key difference: the original work is still out there somewhere.

106、Most institutions of higher learning frown on “block quotes” or quotes of 60 words or more.

107、No matter whether you are giving a quotation or rewriting the words of the writer in your own way, you need to give citation and referencing.

108、Citing is the one of the effective ways to avoid plagiarism.

109、People usually follow one pattern of document formatting guidelines.

110、When the ideas or languages of the original sources are significant, people might use them with direct quotations.

111、A paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage.

112、When you have a long direct quotation in a written work, you might need to write it in form of block quotation.

113、APA and MLA are different patterns of document formatting guidelines.

114、Many words in academic English are the same as daily vocabulary, so students of English needn’t to learn academic vocabulary specifically.

115、The Academic Word List is a list of words which appear with high frequency in English academic texts.

116、The Academic Word List contains 570 words.

117、In English, affixation, clipping and compounding are chief ways of word formation.

118、Word families are groups of words that share a common base to which different prefixes and suffixes are added.

119、Prefixes usually change the word class of the word, but not the meaning.

120、Collocation refers to a combination of two or more words which frequently occur together, so it’s possible to guess the meaning of the collocation by knowing the meaning of the individual words.

121、Like with grammar, there are specific rules for how collocation works.

122、To learn collocations can help you use the words more accurately and naturally.

123、Some collocations are fixed, or very strong. Some collocations are more open.

124、Learning collocations will help you to express yourself in a variety of ways.

125、Brainstorming techniques are what you turn to when you’re stuck and don’t know what to do next.

126、Brainstorming techniques encourage people to come up with clear and insightful ideas.

127、In brainstorming, criticism of ideas is welcomed when the ideas are found to be crazy or irrelevant.

128、Participants of brainstorm should focus on extending or adding to ideas, reserving criticism for a later 'critical stage' of the process.

129、The greater the number of ideas generated the bigger the chance of producing a radical and effective solution.

130、Mind mapping is the best way to do brainstorming.

131、Mind map is a colorful, spider- or tree-like shape branches out to show relationships, solve problems creatively, and help you remember what you’ve learned.

132、Mind mapping is a highly effective way of getting information in and out of your brain. It is a creative and logical means of note-taking.

133、When drawing a mind map, figure out sub-themes of your main concept and draw branches to them from the center, making it look like a circle.

134、Brainstorming and Mind-mapping are useful not only in academic writing, but also helpful if you have some questions and want to find answers to that.

学术素养课程结业测试

学术素养英语课程结业测试

1、Please read the following assignment description carefully and find out which parameter for the assignment is not clear. “Your assignment is to write a 3- page paper (5-7 pages, Times New Roman 12 pt. font, 1 inch margins, APA format) answering the questions “…………” Answers to these questions should be based upon a careful analysis of the cases studied in the articles and class discussion.
    A、Deadline
    B、The length
    C、Format
    D、Reference

2、When choosing a tentative topic, you should find out except______
    A、How general your search topic might be
    B、Its relevance to the assignment
    C、The amount of research material available on the topic
    D、How narrow your research topic must be

3、The following sources are considered as appropriate and necessary source of gathering information at college-level work except
    A、Newspaper and magazine
    B、Libraries
    C、Database
    D、Online materials

4、Which statement about CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure is not true?
    A、The materials on it cannot be downloaded for protecting copyright.
    B、It is one of the highly recommended databases.
    C、It has built a comprehensive China Integrated Knowledge Resources System.
    D、It is the largest and mostly-used academic online library in Chia.

5、Credibility of the sources could be evaluated by asking questions except ______
    A、Are the opinions in your sources popularly accepted
    B、Is the information useful/relevant?
    C、Is the information credible?
    D、Are your sources till current?

6、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Undo the shaft-wrench on the grondle-spigot and then insert the mainstay into the cleft on the right hand side of the jack-end bite snap.
    A、instruction manual
    B、novel
    C、newspaper story
    D、academic report

7、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Perhaps your best bet for accommodation would be to stay at one of the numerous family-run hotels in the city centre. They are usually very friendly, clean and remarkably good value and most of them serve reasonably- priced food.
    A、academic report
    B、post card
    C、travel article
    D、workplace email

8、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. After dinner, Greene sat and waited in his room over the old bakery in Admiralty Street. Down below he could hear the tourists on their way to the evening market or one of the many average eateries that lined the water front – the children were shouting and screaming out of control while their parents called after them not to get lost. How strange he thought, do they think their children would get lost on purpose? Then he smiled to himself – why not, he had.
    A、academic report
    B、novel
    C、post card
    D、workplace email

9、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Zarkon V was situated deep in Sector Two, light years from the nearest United Planetary Confederation’s observation station. As a result, the colony was a largely lawless society and not one for the faint-hearted.
    A、workplace email
    B、academic report
    C、grammar textbook
    D、science fiction story

10、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Completed form AP/714 together with transcripts and original qualification certificates must be submitted to the Secretariat by the end of the month. Failure to meet these requirements will result in the instant termination of the candidate’s application.
    A、administrative document
    B、workplace email
    C、newspaper story
    D、novel

11、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. The suspect, a 43 year old man, was arrested at his home in Sai Kung in the early hours of Thursday morning. Police would not comment on the identity of the man but stated later that he was helping them with their enquiries into a recent bank robbery in Central in which three bank employees were injured.
    A、administrative document
    B、travel article
    C、post card
    D、newspaper story

12、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. I would like all staff to attend an emergency departmental meeting in the conference room after work. I apologize for the late notice but I’m afraid that we have some very important issues to discuss. Thank you for your understanding.
    A、travel article
    B、workplace email
    C、grammar textbook
    D、administrative document

13、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. The data was obtained from interviewing 150 year one students about their experiences during their first month at university. The respondents were asked 20 multiple-choice questions divided in to four sections on orientation, course information, socializing and belonging. The questionnaires were administered at the end of September and the results collated the following month.
    A、academic report
    B、grammar textbook
    C、novel
    D、science fiction story

14、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Hi there ! Having a great time ! Sun, sea and sand !!! Food’s fantastic and the people are great. Off to the night market this evening and then up Mount Palawag on Saturday – hope I’m fit enough!!! Trust all’s well at work – see you soon. C & E.
    A、academic report
    B、workplace email
    C、post card
    D、science fiction story

15、Read the following excerpts from different genres and determine the genres according to the language features. Some verbs are used transitively and intransitively with different kinds of subject; the intransitive use has a meaning rather like a passive or reflexive verb and these verbs have commonly become known as ergative verbs.
    A、workplace email
    B、grammar textbook
    C、administrative document
    D、post card

16、Which of the following help us identify main ideas and structures?
    A、It’s a very confusing picture.
    B、We’ll examine two contrasting opinions about...
    C、Here are some explanations.
    D、This group of statistics shows...

17、Which of the following tells us that the lecturer is going to move from one point to the next?
    A、We take it for granted that...
    B、This is also the most substantial issue.
    C、From there, we’ll move on to slightly wider applications
    D、Therefore, you have to provide an element for this operation.

18、Which of the following hints a conclusion?
    A、For example, copy the English resource file to the Japanese one, then add some Japanese characters in front of each value.
    B、so, we come finally to the conclusion…
    C、Not as much as you might think that...
    D、But this is especially important with virtual meetings because...

19、When you hear the sentence pattern “Now, getting back to our main point…”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to make a conclusion
    B、The speaker is going to give further explanation
    C、The speaker is going to return to the key idea
    D、The speaker is going to give background information

20、When you hear the sentence pattern “In this case however, despite the name of the property...”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to give contrasting information
    B、The speaker is going to refer to some visuals
    C、The speaker is going to give background information
    D、The speaker is going to give a definition

21、When you hear the sentence pattern“Can you look at the Chart…”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to give background information
    B、The speaker is going to make a conclusion
    C、The speaker is moving on to another topic
    D、The speaker is going to refer to some visuals

22、When you hear the sentence pattern“Let me give you an example of what I mean.”, it indicates that ________.
    A、The speaker is going to further illustrate the point by evidences
    B、The speaker is going to make classification
    C、The speaker is going to do listing
    D、The speaker is going to give introduction

23、“info” for “information” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

24、“govt” for “government” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

25、“schl” for “school” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Use the beginnings of words with the final letter

26、“ck'g” for “checking” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Abbreviate -ing

27、“AR” for “acid rain” belongs to which method of abbreviation?
    A、Omit vowels
    B、Use the beginnings of words
    C、Abbreviate specific words from the lecture
    D、Abbreviate -ing

28、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The buying power of the average American rose by an extraordinary 32 times between 1789 and 2002, _________ Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8).
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

29、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8) ______ the 200-year growth of material goods in the US as ‘unprecedented’.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

30、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8) _____ capitalism led to an ‘unprecedented growth’ in the U.S. economy after 1789.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

31、Read the text and complete citations by choosing the reporting verb structures. But wherever and whenever capitalism took hold, people’s incomes and consumption levels began to rise in a sustained way. [...] In the U.S. the buying power of the average income in 2002 was 32 times what it was in 1789 (the year the U.S. Constitution was adopted). This does not mean, of course, that Americans are now 32 times happier than they were in 1789, but does indicate an unprecedented growth in the availability of material goods. Source: Bowles, s., Edwards, R., & Roosevelt, F. (2005). p. 8. Understanding Capitalism: Competition, Command, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. _____ Bowles, Edwards, and Roosevelt (2005, p.8), there is a clear link between capitalism and growth.
    A、…state that…
    B、…as reported by…
    C、…describe…
    D、according to…

32、Plagiarism is______, it is the act of passing off another person's intellectual property as your own and taking credit for another person's work.
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

33、Colleges and universities take ________ very seriously and are very hard on students who commit plagiarism.
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

34、Some possible ______ of plagiarism include receiving a failing grade for an assignment, failing the entire course, and even expulsion from school.
    A、stealing
    B、avoid
    C、consequences
    D、prevent

35、Copyright is the law put in place to ______ plagiarism. When someone copyrights something, it means they own the rights to copying that item.
    A、stealing
    B、avoid
    C、consequences
    D、prevent

36、Many things are ______ — images, articles, books, poetry, and even ideas.
    A、copyrighted
    B、stealing
    C、avoid
    D、consequences

37、We all know laws are difficult to interpret without a degree from a law school, so how do you_____ copyright violations in college?
    A、academic dishonesty
    B、copyrighted
    C、stealing
    D、avoid

38、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan Which of the following is the plan of publicity?
    A、Jewelries
    B、photo studio
    C、Greece for honeymoon
    D、$20,000

39、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan Which of the following is the plan of Program Agenda?
    A、Cocktail hour
    B、The number of chairs needed
    C、What tie to wear
    D、None of the above

40、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan What candies to buy is the task of the person who takes care of ____.
    A、Overview
    B、Guest List
    C、Logistics
    D、Publicity

41、Miss Sherry Gilam is going to get married with Mr. Rick Thomas, so they have made a specific wedding plan with the help of the mind map - Event Plan. Read the following mind map and complete the sentences with the only correct answer provided. Mind map: Event Plan If you want to corporate some of the branches, which two might be the branches you want to put together?
    A、Overview and Guest List
    B、Guest List and Publicity
    C、Guest List and Program Agenda
    D、Publicity and Logistics

42、When used during problem solving, brainstorming brings team members' _______ experience into play.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

43、Brainstorming increases the richness of ideas explored, which means that you can often find better ______ to the problems that you face.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

44、Brainstorming can also help you get buy-in from team members for the solution chosen – after all, they're likely to be more committed to an approach if they were_____ developing it.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

45、Because brainstorming is fun, it helps team members bond, as they solve problems in a ______, rewarding environment.
    A、diverse
    B、involved in
    C、non-judgment
    D、positive

46、While brainstorming can be effective, it's important to approach it with an open mind and a spirit of _____.
    A、solutions
    B、diverse
    C、involved in
    D、non-judgment

47、Read the following paragraph and consider the way for its information organization. (1) Face to face communication with people of different cultures can be quite tricky because of different communication styles. (2) For example, rules of conversation such as turn-taking and the use of silence differ across cultures. Turn-taking or waiting for someone to finish speaking before one says anything is a sign of politeness in many cultures. However, in some cultures, frequently interrupting someone when speaking may indicate that one has one’s heart in the subject matter, rather than rudeness. Silence may express disagreement or dislike in one culture but agreement or consent in another culture. A lack of awareness of these different rules of conversation can sometimes lead to misunderstandings in communication that can be quite costly in business. (3) For instance, in discussing the terms of a business contract for a building project, the interpretation of silence as agreement when it in fact indicates disagreement on the part of the contractor can lead to serious complications later, causing unnecessary delays and work stoppages which can cost the company hundreds or thousands of dollars. How does the writer organize its information?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

48、Read the following paragraph and consider the way for its information organization. (1) Whether you decide to set up your own business consultancy or to be employed in a consultancy firm depends very much on your financial status. (2) If you set up your own business, you need to provide the initial capital outlay to get your business started by using funds from your own savings or borrowing money from a bank or both. (3) In contrast, if you join a consultancy firm that is already established, you do not need to provide any cash to get the business up and running. (4) Another consideration is that when your business consultancy is set up, you still need to have sufficient funds for the day-today running of the business. (5) However, if you are an employee in a company, while you may be responsible in some way to help the company make profits, you do not need to provide funds for the day-to-day running of the business. (6) Finally, in the unfortunate event that your business goes bankrupt, you will not only lose your source of income, but you may fi nd yourself in serious debt. (7) On the other hand, if a consultancy firm that you work for has to close down, while you will still end up losing your job and source of income, you will not be saddled with debts to pay off. (8) As such, it seems that the decision to set up one’s own business consultancy may be easier to take for those who are financially better off. How does the writer organize its information?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

49、Read the following essay and finish the exercises. Florida’s Trapped Tourists Florida is the nation's virtual melting pot for many reasons. One of the biggest reasons is that the state is awash in tourist attractions. The Sunshine State's variety of attractions often makes it easy for those who live there to identify and classify the tourists. South Florida's natural attractions hint of adventure; Orlando's theme parks lure families and newlyweds; West Palm Beach promises a snobby, luxurious life-style; and Key West offers hedonistic escapades. One classification of Florida tourists is the tropical adventurer, easily distinguishable by an ever-present camera or video recorder. Although even Floridians occasionally take pictures, cameras provide one clue that someone is a visitor to the state. For example, a man wearing a pith helmet, a fifty-pocket photo vest, Banana Republic shorts, and L.L. Bean super-duty sandals while taking pictures of children looking miserably cute in the glaring sun could be a Floridian; however, if the guy in the pseudo-adventurer garb is telling the children to move closer together so he can include a palm tree, airboat, stuffed alligator, or bikini-clad bimbo, he is a tourist. This man falls into the tropical adventurer category because he is not trying to capture a special moment in his children’s lives, but endeavoring to record a particular object that proves to friends and family that he has indeed led his brood upon a Sunshine State safari. It is always the background that this type is focused on, the proof of tropical adventure. Another type of easily identified tourists includes those drawn like lemmings to the magical, mystical, or confined-animal theme parks. These people may include families or hand-holding, smooching newlyweds. They are all under the impression that a park such as Rodent World is the perfect fun or romantic getaway. These tourists obviously find it fun and romantic to stand in long lines among rude teenagers and whiny toddlers who are constantly being chastised by grumpy, overweight, under-dressed, sweaty parents – all suffering from the heat and habitual humidity or the punctual afternoon thunderstorms. When the storms do strike, a bizarre scenario unfolds: The individual tourists are transformed into a giant pulsating entity composed of a zillion bright yellow plastic ponchos bearing a portrait of "the Rodent." Battalions of these tourists, all clad in these fourteen-dollar-bright-yellow slickers are a true testament of the Rodent's mass-marketing magic. If it isn't raining, this variety of tourist is distinguishable by goofy-looking hats and T-shirts bearing the likenesses of various princesses, ducks, mice, dogs, chipmunks, or various other “cutesified” critters. The Palm Beach set also stands out as a distinct variation of tourists. Often, these are successful businessmen (or their sons) and their wives, all of whom showcase deep tans from leisurely or sporting activities. They often wear expensive, name-brand resort clothes, or nautical-motif attire. The women can be identified by "name-dropping" shopping bags, enormous sunglasses, strange hats, and expensive sandals on perfectly pedicured feet. The men are usually found on the golf course or in the country club lounge, where they brag of luxury cars, sailboats, stock market prowess, or deep-sea fishing conquests. Because some of these people spend many months in the state, they have even convinced themselves that they are true "Floridians," not tourists. Daytona Beach also adds to Florida's melting-pot of tourism, but Daytona visitors arrive by season: In February and July, it's auto-racing fans; in March and April, it's college students on spring break; and in the fall, it's Speed Week bikers. However, if a member of one group tends to stray into another group's season, it's still easy to sort out who's who. Auto racing fans wear shirts with giant numbers that barely cover giant bellies; the college kids don't wear shirts at all; and the bikers are the totally nude, tattooed dudes (and“dudettes”) spraying one another down in the car washes. The final group of tourists is far more difficult to spot because it is easy to blend into the locale: Key West. There are few places, for example, where a large man can slip into a small, tight-fitting, zebra-striped dress; plant a cheap, blond wig on his head; toss on a pair of spiked heels; and fit right in with the crowd. Although the Key West carnival atmosphere can make tourists more difficult to spot, they are not completely invisible. Pale skin, fiery red skin, or peeling skin are clues. So are new Hawaiian shirts, designer swim suits, and the stench of Coppertone. So too are the stunned looks at restaurants when visitors learn that the glass of water they requested costs more than the rumladen planter's punch. By happy hour, however, all differences tend to dissolve in Margaritaville as everything becomes a tropical blur, and all are totally uncaring of who is native and who is tourist. Of course, all of this is not to say that Floridians begrudge tourists their "traps" because the "natives" often visit them, too. In fact, many Floridians visit theme parks, the Palm Beaches, Daytona, or Key West because they enjoy watching tourists. The tourists who flock to Florida attractions become Florida attractions themselves. How does the writer organize the essay?
    A、description
    B、comparison and contrast
    C、exemplification
    D、classification

50、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: I enjoy weekends.
    A、I can sleep late Saturday morning.
    B、My friends and I can visit and run around.
    C、I can do all kinds of shopping.
    D、School assignments are due on Monday.

51、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: Carlos is very interested in cars.
    A、He knows all the details about all the manufacturers’ models.
    B、His parents allow him $5 50 a week for gas.
    C、He spends a lot of time each week making improvements on his old Ford
    D、If there is a new-car exhibit in town, you will find him there.

52、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: I easily give up doing my homework.
    A、I always start to feel hungry and go into the kitchen for a snack.
    B、I'll leave my studying to investigate any noise I hear.
    C、While I study, I try to listen to the radio with one ear.
    D、for me, physics is the hardest subject.

53、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: The weather has been changeable.
    A、On Sunday we had a high wind that blew down some trees.
    B、Monday was so cold we had to turn on the heat and wear our winter coats.
    C、Tuesday we formed a group to go roller-skating.
    D、By Wednesday the weather cleared and the sun came out.

54、In the following lists, choose the letter beside the sentence that does not develop the controlling idea which appears in the topic sentences. TOPIC SENTENCE: All the people on our block give us trouble.
    A、Mrs. Brown calls the police whenever we want to play ball on the street.
    B、Mrs. Gonzales invites us in for lemonade every day
    C、If we happen to stray into Mr. Hardy's yard, he yells at us.
    D、Mrs. Johnson complains that skateboarding makes too much noise.

55、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. When he was almost at the top, his foot had slipped on a loose rock, and he had nearly fallen 1,000 feet down the steep side of the peak. b. At the bottom, Professor John Mathewson had sprained his ankle. c. Finally, Professor John Mathewson crawled to the top of Mt. Everest. d. It had been a long, hard climb to the top. e. Partway up, he had lost his rope. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、d b e a c
    B、d e a c b
    C、e a c b d
    D、a b d c e

56、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Then, too, my mother wanted me to stay close to my sister. b. I argued that two of year of study abroad would help me a lot at this stage of my career. c. For one thing my, father was not well. d. Finally my sister offered to stay at home alone during my absence. e. I found it hard to leave my home and travel to another land. f. This made some of my problems begin to vanish. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、a b c d e f
    B、e c a b d f
    C、e c a f d b
    D、c f b d e a

57、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Behind the house a hill rose sharply. b. Standing at the edge of the road, I looked up the gently winding driveway that climbed to the front of the house. c. I had never seen such a lovely setting for a house. d. The hill ended in a curved peak that seemed to frame the whole scene. e. The house stood on a level space surrounded by tall oak trees. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、a b d c e
    B、c b d a e
    C、c b e a d
    D、b e a d c

58、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. He spent the first fifteen minutes of the hour working on the first of ten examination problems. b. He spent other minutes doodling on his test paper, c. Jose did not complete his mathematics examination yesterday. d. Like many college students, he does not know how to use time profitably during an examination Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、c d a b
    B、a c b d
    C、c d b a
    D、c a b d

59、Rearrange the order of the following sentences so that they can be coherent. a. Then you will come to a hallway leading to the library’s music room. b. Walking around the information desk to the left, you will pass a children reading room on your right. c. The sign reads: To the Music Room. d. As you enter the main door of the library, you will see the information desk directly in front of you. e. At the end of the hallway you will see a sign. Which of the following is the best answer?
    A、d b e a c
    B、d b a e c
    C、a b e c d
    D、e d b a c

60、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    A、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    B、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    C、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.
    D、There is no difficulty in explaining how a structure such as an eye or a feather contributes to survival and reproduction; the difficulty is in thinking of a series of steps by which it could have arisen.

61、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days.
    A、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    B、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    C、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days
    D、For example, it is possible to see that in January this person weighed 60.8 kg for eight days

62、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    A、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    B、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    C、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.
    D、For example, it may be necessary for the spider to leave the branch on which it is standing, climb up the stem, and walk out along another branch.

63、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    A、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    B、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    C、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.
    D、There is experimental work to show that a week or ten days may not be long enough and a fortnight to three weeks is probably the best theoretical period.

64、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    A、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    B、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    C、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.
    D、Conceivably, different forms, changing at different rates and showing contrasting combinations of characteristics, were present in different areas.

65、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    A、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    B、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    C、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.
    D、One possibility is that generalized latent inhibition is likely to be weaker than that produced by pre-exposure to the CS itself and thus is more likely to be susceptible to the effect of the long interval.

66、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    A、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    B、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    C、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.
    D、For our present purpose, it is useful to distinguish two kinds of chemical reaction, according to whether the reaction releases energy or requires it.

67、Which of the underline expressions is the hedging of the following sentences. It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    A、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    B、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    C、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.
    D、It appears to establish three categories: the first contains wordings generally agreed to be acceptable, the second wordings which appear to have been at some time problematic but are now acceptable, and the third wordings which remain inadmissible.

68、The basic components of all arguments involve three interdependent elements: claim(C), support (S)and warrant(W). Please read the following sentences and figure out which one each sentence belongs to. Art is fundamental to cultural life; people want to live where art flourishes. ( ) Inner-city art schools must receive more government funding. ( ) Studies show that a vibrant arts scene improves the local economy. ( )
    A、W C S
    B、C S W
    C、W S C
    D、C W S

69、The basic components of all arguments involve three interdependent elements: claim(C), support (S)and warrant(W). Please read the following sentences and figure out which one each sentence belongs to. Probably about only 10% of your manuscript should appear as directed quoted matter. ( ) Students frequently overuse direct quotations in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final research paper. ( ) Therefore, you should limit the amount of exact of transcribing of source materials while taking note. ( )
    A、S C W
    B、C S W
    C、S W C
    D、C W S

70、Which statement is false in terms of the importance of making presentation in English?
    A、English is widely used around the world.
    B、English is more superior to other language.
    C、English is an effective tool to express your views.
    D、For college students, English is significant in academic study.

71、Which is not the feature of a presentation?
    A、A presentation use visual aids to show some information to the audience.
    B、A presentation involves explaining your ideas.
    C、When you explain something, the presenter should not talk about the backstory about the topic.
    D、When presenting ideas, the presenter need to use formal and academic language.

72、Which one does not belong to the ‘four types of presentation’?
    A、Informative presentation with a descriptive feature.
    B、Persuasive presentation to motive and convince.
    C、Goodwill presentation with the entertaining and ceremonial characteristic.
    D、Story-telling presentation to describe a story.

73、Which statement is false in terms of the process of presentation?
    A、You do not need to prepare for the Question & Answer section.
    B、You need to set your objectives of your presentation
    C、You need to choose the structure of your presentation.
    D、You need to rehearse your presentation.

74、Which statement is false in term of the application of presentation structure?
    A、For research presentation, the frequently used structure is Introduction—Body—Conclusion.
    B、The Past --- Present --- Future mode is commonly applied in persuasive speech where you pitch a solution to a business problem.
    C、In a persuasive presentation, people use the Complication—Resolution—Example mode as well.
    D、Pros-Cons-Recommendation mode is not suitable for persuasive presentation.

75、There are different types of visuals. Which one is flow chart?
    A、It shows chain of command, hierarchies in an organization
    B、It illustrates a series of steps in a procedure, decision, or other “stepwise” process
    C、It shows how percentages relate to each other within a whole
    D、It compares data in two dimensions

76、Your posture can send messages. Which statement is false to explain your posture?
    A、Leaning to one side – You don’t really want to be there, you are trying to slip away;
    B、Pacing across the speaking area - Without purpose and with no relation to the speech – You can’t wait to get out. You are wasting your time there.
    C、You turn your back on the audience whilst you speak – You are telling lies to your audience.
    D、A clenched fist to show anger. It is hostile and threatening. It could also convey the sense you are hiding something.

77、Which one is not the reason for using poster?
    A、Posters facilitate informal communication with viewers.
    B、Posters are handy
    C、Posters can be used as a cure for public speaking panic
    D、Posters are beautiful.

78、Which one is not the feature of a poster?
    A、A good poster is always big enough.
    B、A good poster focuses on a core message.
    C、A good poster contains graphs and images.
    D、An effective poster always keeps the sequence well-organized.

79、Here are some suggestions for creating good posters. Which statement is wrong?
    A、Before starting work on your poster, consider message, space, budget, format, and deadlines.
    B、You need to focus your core message and ask yourself which details are absolutely essential for conveying your message.
    C、Use a clear layout to move readers through your poster.
    D、Headings are not that important.

80、We use different methods to assist comprehension when listening.

81、Conversation-styled lectures which lecturer doesn’t rely on notes and bases the lecture around audience response are not academic lectures.

82、When listening to a lecture, "sign posts” or "signals" always enables us to trace the development of ideas in the lecture and offers us a clue to organize our notes.

83、The meaning of taking notes lies in focusing more on the lecture, and listening more attentively and proactively.

84、The skill that you use in extracting main ideas from academic talks is called listening for gist.

85、As a active listener, we need to note down everything we heard as quickly as possible.

86、Distinguish between main and subsidiary information correctly is a useful way to summarize while listening

87、When we are doing paraphrase, we usually use shorter similar words or phrases for longer phrases.

88、Gist is defined as the most important pieces of information or the general information of a text.

89、Suppose you are going to acquire some general knowledge, the first thing you need to do is to make predictions while listening.

90、You need to construct your own understanding of what you hear, based on the concerned background information.

91、In order to simplify the text, you need to reduce complex sentences to simple sentences, phrases, and even single words.

92、When you paraphrase you need to use complete sentences.

93、Generally speaking, lecture slides as an outline of the content, help us identify the key topics and concepts in the lecture.

94、Taking notes means consider what appears on slides and note them down.

95、When taking notes, we need to pay special attention to nouns, active verbs, and adjectives.

96、We need to evaluate and decide what is important instead of note discriminately.

97、We’d better not reorganize nor revise our notes after the lecture. Because it may leads to misunderstanding and missing of the information.

98、We choose different forms of noting according to our own personal preferences.

99、Outlining Method requires structuring notes in form of an outline by using bullet points for different topics and subtopics.

100、Symbols and abbreviations are efficient ways of note taking.

101、We can use mathematical symbols in taking notes.

102、We’d better not generate our own Abbreviations and symbols suggested from our mother tongue.

103、Too many abbreviations and symbols would make our notes difficult to understand.

104、Annotating a text means that you take notes in the margins of a reading text.

105、Plagiarism is almost equivalent to stealing, with one key difference: the original work is still out there somewhere.

106、Most institutions of higher learning frown on “block quotes” or quotes of 60 words or more.

107、No matter whether you are giving a quotation or rewriting the words of the writer in your own way, you need to give citation and referencing.

108、Citing is the one of the effective ways to avoid plagiarism.

109、People usually follow one pattern of document formatting guidelines.

110、When the ideas or languages of the original sources are significant, people might use them with direct quotations.

111、A paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage.

112、When you have a long direct quotation in a written work, you might need to write it in form of block quotation.

113、APA and MLA are different patterns of document formatting guidelines.

114、Many words in academic English are the same as daily vocabulary, so students of English needn’t to learn academic vocabulary specifically.

115、The Academic Word List is a list of words which appear with high frequency in English academic texts.

116、The Academic Word List contains 570 words.

117、In English, affixation, clipping and compounding are chief ways of word formation.

118、Word families are groups of words that share a common base to which different prefixes and suffixes are added.

119、Prefixes usually change the word class of the word, but not the meaning.

120、Collocation refers to a combination of two or more words which frequently occur together, so it’s possible to guess the meaning of the collocation by knowing the meaning of the individual words.

121、Like with grammar, there are specific rules for how collocation works.

122、To learn collocations can help you use the words more accurately and naturally.

123、Some collocations are fixed, or very strong. Some collocations are more open.

124、Learning collocations will help you to express yourself in a variety of ways.

125、Brainstorming techniques are what you turn to when you’re stuck and don’t know what to do next.

126、Brainstorming techniques encourage people to come up with clear and insightful ideas.

127、In brainstorming, criticism of ideas is welcomed when the ideas are found to be crazy or irrelevant.

128、Participants of brainstorm should focus on extending or adding to ideas, reserving criticism for a later 'critical stage' of the process.

129、The greater the number of ideas generated the bigger the chance of producing a radical and effective solution.

130、Mind mapping is the best way to do brainstorming.

131、Mind map is a colorful, spider- or tree-like shape branches out to show relationships, solve problems creatively, and help you remember what you’ve learned.

132、Mind mapping is a highly effective way of getting information in and out of your brain. It is a creative and logical means of note-taking.

133、When drawing a mind map, figure out sub-themes of your main concept and draw branches to them from the center, making it look like a circle.

134、Brainstorming and Mind-mapping are useful not only in academic writing, but also helpful if you have some questions and want to find answers to that.