Module2 Academic Reading

Session 5 Overview of Doing Interdisciplinary Research随堂测验

1、What are the steps of doing interdisciplinary research?
    A、Asking the questions
    B、Gathering relevant disciplinary insights
    C、Designing efficient way to solve it
    D、Comparing and contrasting results from previous methods

2、Aluminum, which possesses high conductivity of heat and electricity, finds wide application in industry.
    A、由于铝具有高度的导热性和导电性,所以在工业上得到广泛的应用。
    B、铝具有高热导性和导电性,而且在工业上有广泛的应用。
    C、铝的高导热性和导电性在工业上得到了广泛的使用。
    D、铝在工业上的应用得益于它的高导热性和导电性。

Session 6 Overview of Intensive Reading Academic Papers in Chemistry随堂测验

1、以下关于精读的说法中,正确的是?
    A、每篇论文都值得我们精读。
    B、通过读一篇论文的标题和摘要,基本可以确定该论文是否值得精读。
    C、材料和方法部分是论文的核心,要仔细阅读
    D、结论很重要,要仔细精读。

2、以下关于摘要和结论的说法中,不正确的是?
    A、摘要出现在Introduction之前
    B、摘要是对文章整体内容的概述,更为抽象和凝练
    C、结论部分是研究结果的描述,更为具体和细化
    D、摘要和结论完全不同

3、根据慕课的学习,学术研究论文结构中的IMRD指的是什么?
    A、introduction, message, research and discussion
    B、introduction, message, results and discussion
    C、introduction, methods, research and discussion
    D、introduction, methods, results and discussion

Session 8 Overview of Academic Papers in Science随堂测验

1、According to the authors experience, the components of research paper can be divided into:
    A、Preliminary part
    B、Text part
    C、Main part
    D、Supplementary part

2、What are included in Preliminary part?
    A、Title
    B、Author and affiliation C. Abstract D. Key words
    C、Abstract
    D、Key words

3、What are included in Text Part?
    A、Introduction and Literature review
    B、Methods
    C、Results and Discussion
    D、Conclusions

4、What are included in Supplementary Part?
    A、Acknowledgements
    B、References
    C、Appendices
    D、Author and affiliation

5、Basically there are two types of documentation systems, they are :
    A、Author-year system
    B、In-text citation system
    C、Number system
    D、Alphabetical order system

Module3 Academic Writing

Session 1 Introduction to Academic Writing随堂测验

1、Which type of writing cannot be categorized as academic writing?
    A、Research reports
    B、Dissertations
    C、Biographies
    D、Research papers

2、The following are the features of academic writing except __________.
    A、accuracy
    B、subjectivity
    C、formality
    D、complexity

3、In academic writing __________ are often used.
    A、contracted structures
    B、colloquial words and expressions
    C、single verbs
    D、verbal phrases

4、Which sentence is more likely to be found in an academic paper?
    A、An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of light on plant growth.
    B、We analyzed the experiment and what we found made us realize that the technique is quite complex.
    C、We used the material to carry out a similar experiment and the experiment aimed at biomass inspection.
    D、Chances are, my study showed the use of the vegetation-specific root-shoot ratios.

Session 2 How to Select and Narrow down Research Topic随堂测验

1、Which is the best topic?
    A、A Study of new resources
    B、Utilization of marsh gas for the countryside
    C、Utilization of marsh gas
    D、Utilization of new resources

2、What are the methods of topic selection?
    A、Consult your professor or an expert.
    B、Read books and academic journals.
    C、Choose from your own interests.
    D、Attend academic conferences and lectures.

3、What are the features of a good topic? (新题)
    A、Original
    B、Feasible
    C、Scientific
    D、Valuable

4、An abstract is usually written before the entire paper is done.

5、A good way to narrow a topic is to analyze the different components of the topic and pick one of them.

Session 4 How to Understand IMRD Structure in Academic Writing随堂测验

1、What are included in the IMRD format?
    A、Introduction
    B、Methods
    C、Results
    D、Discussion

2、What are the rules for the Introduction and Discussion section?
    A、The Introduction section usually develops from general to specific.
    B、The Introduction section usually develops from specific to general.
    C、The Discussion section usually develops from general to specific.
    D、The Discussion section usually develops from specific to general.

3、What are the elements for an Introduction?
    A、Topic
    B、Experimental data
    C、Background
    D、Purpose

4、What are the elements for a purpose statement?
    A、purpose noun
    B、action verb
    C、summary
    D、topic

Session 5 How to Write Introduction and Methods in Academic Writing随堂测验

1、What is mentioned in the Methods section?
    A、Further study
    B、The criteria for choosing the subjects
    C、Survey carried out in the experiment
    D、The procedure of the experiment

2、What are the features of the Methods section?
    A、All the steps should be clearly stated.
    B、It’s a straightforward report of procedures and materials.
    C、The researchers should give comments on the experiment.
    D、There shouldn’t be any discussion, problems or statements of rationales.

3、What should be shown in the Results section?
    A、The statistical results
    B、Expectation
    C、The findings in the experiment
    D、Purpose

4、What are the features of the Results section?
    A、It should be concise.
    B、It should be long.
    C、It should be short.
    D、The details in the Methods section are restated.

5、How to present the findings of the experiment?
    A、Stating the facts
    B、Comparing and contrasting
    C、Analyzing cause and effect
    D、Illustrating with graphic aids

6、What should be included in the Discussion section?
    A、Explanation of the results
    B、Comments on the data
    C、Limitations and the implications
    D、Suggestion for further research

Session 6 How to Write Results in Academic Writing随堂测验

1、The following are the standards for a good title except that _____________.
    A、A good title is eye-catching
    B、A good title is accurate
    C、A good title is clear and concise
    D、A good title is redundant

2、When writing a title for a research paper, a writer should avoid _____________.
    A、placing key words in the forward position in the title
    B、using descriptive words in the title
    C、using lesser-known abbreviations and jargon in the title
    D、condensing the paper’s content in a few words

3、In academic writing, a complete sentence cannot be the title of a research paper.

4、Research purposes and results should be included in all abstracts.

5、A good abstract should offer as much information of the research as possible.

Session 7 How to Cite Literature in Academic Writing随堂测验

1、What are the ways to avoid plagiarism?
    A、quoting
    B、paraphrasing
    C、copying
    D、summarizing

2、What are the ways of citation?
    A、editing
    B、analyzing
    C、paraphrasing
    D、quoting

3、What are the commonly used styles for documentation?
    A、MLA
    B、APA
    C、CMS
    D、GPS

Session 8 How to Revise Papers in Academic Writing随堂测验

1、When checking the entire framework of a paper, a writer should pay attention to ___________.
    A、the thesis statement
    B、topic sentences
    C、arguments
    D、the cohesion and coherence in paragraphs

2、What are the requirements of the journal a writer needs to know before submitting his paper to the journal?
    A、The style for setting the references
    B、The recommended length for the paper
    C、Criteria of paper acceptance
    D、Printing format

3、Generally, a writer should start the revision of a paper by polishing the language of the paper.

4、To get the research paper published in a journal, a writer can analyze the recent papers in the journals of his field to see if they currently publish work of the kind he is to submit.

Module 5 Academic Communication

Session 1 Introduction to Academic Communication随堂测验

1、What does an academic communication include?
    A、words
    B、methods
    C、structures
    D、manners

2、How to format a paper is not a basic communication skill for communication.

3、If you have submitted a paper, you will be surely invited to make a presentation in a symposium.

4、ESP communication is different from daily communication in many ways.

Session 2 Paper Presentation随堂测验

1、What is the common structure of a paper presentation?
    A、body
    B、title
    C、introduction
    D、conclusion

2、When giving a presentation, give as much information as you can.

3、When doing a presentation, repetition of the findings is acceptable.

4、You should have a serious opening when doing an academic presentation.

5、Set aside 3-5mins for answering questions in a 25mins presentation.

Session 3 Project Presentation随堂测验

1、What are the tips for you to deliver your presentation effectively?
    A、create note cards
    B、use proper graphs
    C、a clear PowerPoint
    D、some free gifts

2、Methods are the most important part and it takes most of the presentation time.

3、When design your ppt slide, avoid including too many points.

4、You need to give a perfect finding if you want to have an effective presentation.

Session 4 Seminar随堂测验

1、Why is it important to create a research question?
    A、stay focused
    B、use it to open your presentation
    C、lead in for your thesis
    D、require in your presentation

2、How to make convincing argument?
    A、Define the terms of the discussion
    B、Develop your reasoning
    C、Support your idea with vivid examples and evidence
    D、identify other’s objections and motivations

3、Practice and preparation can minimize many of the anxieties when deliver a presentation.

4、Giving examples is a good way to support your idea.

Session 5 Poster Presentation随堂测验

1、What are the requirements for a good academic poster?
    A、Match the audience knowledge base and interests
    B、Include as much information as you can
    C、Convey your message visually
    D、Be clearly organized and readable

2、What are included in a good academic poster?
    A、Background
    B、Research questions
    C、Materials, approach and process
    D、Results

3、What should you to do when you do a poster presentation?
    A、Involve the audience.
    B、Speak clearly and slowly.
    C、Read the poster to the audience.
    D、Look around at your audience and make eye contact.

4、Academic posters include all the information of the research to help publicize it and generate discussion.

Session 6 Chairing a Conference随堂测验

1、The person who chairs a meeting works as an instructor.

2、It is the chairperson’s responsibility to announce the opening of the conference and give a welcome speech.

3、The chairperson should remind the speaker when they are running short of time.

4、The chairperson should not call on the participants to involve.

Session 7 Question and Answer Session随堂测验

1、The Q&A session provides an opportunity for fellow academics to critique your work and in return you are expected to show that you know what you are talking about.

2、To answer a question, you can repeat the precious remarks.

3、It is allowed to raise a different opinion in the Q&A session.

4、If someone asks you an inappropriate question, you must argue with him.

Session 8 Visual Aids in Presentations随堂测验

1、What of the followings are visual aids?
    A、Microphone
    B、PowerPoint
    C、Video
    D、Name tags

2、What should be consistent when you design a PowerPoint?
    A、Size of text
    B、Color of text
    C、Length of words
    D、Bullet points

3、What are usually written on the black or white board during an academic presentation?
    A、Every word said
    B、Each stage of an experiment or process
    C、Contact information
    D、Complex terminology

4、When will you use a handout when you deliver an academic presentation?
    A、Your information is too detailed to fit on a slide.
    B、You don’t want to talk too much.
    C、You want your audience to have a full record of your findings.
    D、You are not sure of your information.

Module 6 Academic Vocabulary

Session 1 Introduction to Academic Vocabulary随堂测验

1、How do EAP scholars and practitioners usually define the term of “academic language”?
    A、The language of institution
    B、The language of school
    C、The language at work
    D、The informal speech

2、The word “basic” has multiple senses. Which of the following option has a different meaning from others?
    A、Basic information
    B、The basic principles
    C、Basic foods
    D、Basic dyes

3、本讲中“Jargon”一词的同义词有________.?
    A、everyday English
    B、slang
    C、academic English
    D、terminology

4、AWL缩写词的全称是________.? A. American English word list B. Academic word list C. Academic writing learners D. American English writing lessons
    A、American English word list
    B、Academic word list
    C、Academic writing learners
    D、American English writing lessons

Session 2 Prefixes in Academic Vocabulary随堂测验

1、前缀bio-表示“生物的”

2、electro-前缀与“生物,生命”相关。

Session 3 Suffixes in Academic Vocabulary随堂测验

1、What is the definition of suffix?
    A、It means the affix, which is added to the end of a word, and which usually changes the part of speech of a word.
    B、It means the affix, which is added to the beginning of a word, and which usually changes a word into another word.
    C、It means the affix which only changes the meaning of the words.
    D、It means the affix which only changes the form of the words.

2、What is the meaning of erosion?
    A、风化
    B、冷凝
    C、腐蚀,侵蚀
    D、蒸发

Session 4 Other Types of Words in Academic Vocabulary随堂测验

1、Compound adverbs is not the category of words compounded by hyphens.

2、accident-prone表示“易出事故的”。

Session 6 学术英语网络在线语料库COCA随堂测验

1、“COCA”语料库中的“Collocates”功能具体是指__________? (单选)
    A、检索单词或短语词频信息。
    B、检索单词或短语在所在句子中的列表。
    C、检索单词或短语的固定搭配。
    D、检索单词同义词清单。

2、“COCA”语料库的全称是 __________?
    A、Corpus of American English.
    B、Corpus of Contemporary American English.
    C、Corpus of Academic English
    D、Corpus of Agricultural English

3、What are the three online corpuses mentioned in the video?
    A、RCPCE Profession-specific Corpora
    B、Corpus of Contemporary American English.
    C、Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers
    D、AntConc-a Corpus Analysis Toolkit

4、What are the four main functions of COCA?
    A、List
    B、Collocates
    C、Chart
    D、Compare

Session 7 学术英语网络在线语料库MICUSP and RCPCE Corpora随堂测验

1、What does “discipline” refer to according to the video (2:06)?
    A、Rule
    B、Subject
    C、Order
    D、Ability

2、Can we go on advanced searches by discipline and section in RCPCE?
    A、Yes.
    B、No.
    C、By discipline only
    D、By section only

3、MICUSP密西根大学开发的语料库搜集的语料来源____________?
    A、期刊论文.
    B、期刊杂志
    C、SCI期刊论文
    D、该校优秀学生学术论文

4、In MICUSP, what textual features can be refined for your search?
    A、Abstract
    B、Literature review
    C、Methodology section
    D、Acknowledgement

5、MICUSP密西根大学开发的语料库可以只筛选论文的文献综述部分检索。

6、“COCA”语料库是通用英语语料库。

Session 8 AntConc---A Corpus Analysis Toolkit随堂测验

1、AntConc软件的“Wordlist”功能可以帮助我们做什么?
    A、词频信息
    B、词汇搭配信息
    C、核心词汇信息
    D、学术英语词汇列表

2、AntConc软件识别的文档格式为___________?
    A、txt.
    B、pdf.
    C、wps.
    D、doc.

3、AntConc软件的主要功能之一“Concordance”的汉语意思是“共现”。

4、AntConc软件的另外一大功能“Collocates”的汉语意思是“搭配”。

Module 7 Grammar in Science and Technology

Session 2 Nominalization随堂测验

1、以下说法中哪项不属于名词化的功能?
    A、名词化使句子更加地紧凑
    B、名词化使表达比较客观
    C、名词化可大大增加词汇的多样性
    D、名词化能起到连接上下文的作用

2、句子: Most substances can expand rapidly. 变为:a rapid expansion of most substances , 前后发生的变化不包括:
    A、单词expand变为对应的名词形式
    B、单句变为短语
    C、意思发生了改变
    D、单词rapidly变为对应的形容词形式

3、句子:As a fire grows more intense, more smoke is injected. 变为:Fire intensity has a profound effect on smoke injection. 前后发生的变化不包括:
    A、复句变为单句
    B、两句意思大不相同
    C、单词intense和inject变为对应的名词形式
    D、增加了短语have a profound effect on sth.

4、句子:You can rectify this fault if you insert a slash. 经过名词化后的正确形式为
    A、Rectification of this fault is achieved by insertion of a slash.
    B、This fault can be rectified by inserting a slash.
    C、Inserting a slash can rectify this fault.
    D、You can rectify this fault by inserting a slash.

5、句子:If you fail to reconfirm, your reservations will be cancelled. 经过名词化后的正确形式为:
    A、Your reservations will be cancelled if failing to reconfirm.
    B、Failing to reconfirm will cancel your reservations.
    C、The cancellation of your reservations is because you fail to reconfirm.
    D、Failure to reconfirm will result in the cancellation of your reservations.

Session 3 Numerals随堂测验

1、The demand for this kind of equipment in the near future will be 20 times ___________.
    A、what it is
    B、the amount
    C、that of others
    D、which is in the past

2、Digital transmission does not need to have _________ S/N ratio (信噪比) as analog (模拟) transmission.
    A、as a high
    B、higher
    C、highest
    D、as high

3、By varying VBE only a few __________ of volt, the base current (基极电流) can be changed significantly.
    A、hundred
    B、hundredths
    C、hundredth
    D、hundreds

4、The standard meter is accurate to about two parts ____________.
    A、billion
    B、in billion
    C、per a billion
    D、in one billion

5、This heater consumes _______________ that one does.
    A、electric power twice as great as
    B、greater twice electric power
    C、twice as great electric power as
    D、twice greater electric power

Session 4 Comparatives of Adjectives and Adverbs随堂测验

1、This project is ____________ than that one is.
    A、much valuable
    B、much more valuable
    C、far valuabler
    D、slightly valuable

2、The _________ the color, the ________ light is reflected and the more light is absorbed.
    A、darker; less
    B、darkest; more
    C、darker; more
    D、darkest; less

3、This machine does not work ____________ that one.
    A、as better as
    B、so best than
    C、so well as
    D、as better than

4、Brass expands _________ more than zinc when heated.
    A、very
    B、lots
    C、super
    D、considerably

5、Inductance (电感) measurements are _________ accurate of the three types of impedance parameters (阻抗参数).
    A、less
    B、the least
    C、little
    D、fewest

Session 5 Verb Tenses and Voices (1)随堂测验

1、学术论文中,相比之下不太常用的时态是:
    A、一般现在时
    B、一般将来时
    C、一般过去时
    D、现在完成时

2、在陈述某研究的价值时,哪种说法较为恰当?
    A、The research will help to understand deformation processes.
    B、The research can help to understand deformation processes.
    C、The research may help to understand deformation processes.
    D、The research should help to understand deformation processes.

3、在回顾其他研究时,以下哪个选项所用的时态是错误的?
    A、Wood (1971) surveyed the soil fauna in a number of Australian arid and semi-arid ecosystems.
    B、In most deserts of the world, transitions between topographic elements are abrupt. (Simith,1968)
    C、Different investigations have used a variety of variables such as authoritarian-democratic (Lewin, Lippett & White, 1939)
    D、A number of studies were conducted using both male and female college students as subjects.

4、Abramson (1974) reported that mobile students had lower academic performance. 该句在介绍Abramson的研究发现时,选用过去时的原因是什么?
    A、该研究发现只限于该研究。
    B、该研究发现发生在过去
    C、该研究发现的可信度较低。
    D、根据语法规则,从句的时态要和主句的时态保持一致。

5、①The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not genetic differences in germination exist at low temperatures in pepper species. ②The objective of this report is to determine whether or not genetic differences in germination exist at low temperatures in pepper species. 关于两个句子的比较,以下哪种说法是错误的
    A、两个句子都是阐述研究目的。
    B、第一个句子用过去时,是因为现在的研究目的已发生改变。
    C、两个句子中,时态的用法都是正确的。
    D、第二个句子用现在时,是因为强调的是该报告的研究目的。

Session 6 Verb Tenses and Voices (2)随堂测验

1、以下说法中,不正确的选项是:
    A、介绍研究方法时,只能使用被动语态。
    B、介绍研究方法时,句子时态通常用一般过去时。
    C、介绍研究方法时,主被动语态可依具体情况混合使用。
    D、介绍研究方法时, 被动语态可省略施事者,使论述更加客观。

2、For the testing program this collector was protected from weather by an outer window of 10 mm tedlar. 该句在介绍某研究所用的工具时,选用一般过去时的原因是:
    A、表示过去发生的事情。
    B、表示该工具现在已不使用。
    C、表示该工具是为该项研究所设计的。
    D、表示假设。

3、在陈述研究发现时,以下哪个选项所用的时态是错误的?
    A、The findings for the whole sample are summed in Table 1.
    B、The coefficient of correlation is found to be significant at the .001 level.
    C、This is consistent with earlier findings.
    D、These results indicate that nightmares serve as the last socially acceptable outlet for all the fears and superstitions.

4、以下哪一句属于对于研究发现的评论?
    A、A total of 53 samples were examined.
    B、Direct microscopic examination of the samples showed 20 different fungal strains (Table 1).
    C、Table 2 shows the results of the psychological tests allied to isolates.
    D、These findings show that fungi can tolerate adverse environmental changes in the vegetative form.

5、关于学术论文的摘要,以下说法错误的是:
    A、介绍研究背景时,常用一般过去时。
    B、介绍方法时,用一般过去时。
    C、介绍发现时,用一般过去时。
    D、参考文献一般在论文正文完成之后才写。

Session 7 Complex Sentences随堂测验

1、________ this logic (逻辑电路) seems correct, it will not work.
    A、Since
    B、Whether
    C、While
    D、Provided

2、This is equivalent to the statement ________ there is no gravity in space.
    A、that
    B、which
    C、what
    D、when

3、We must check each solution in the original equation to see ________ it is valid.
    A、what
    B、that
    C、where
    D、if

4、The total energy in a standing energy (驻波) is equal to the sum of the two travelling waves (行波) _______ which it consists.
    A、with
    B、among
    C、by
    D、of

5、A right triangle is a triangle two of _________ sides are perpendicular (垂直的).
    A、that
    B、whose
    C、which
    D、why

Module 8 Translation in Science and Technology

Session 1 Introduction to Translation in Science and Technology随堂测验

1、The next medical revolution will change that, because genetic engineering has the potential to conquer cancer, grow new blood vessels in the heart, block the growth of blood vessels in tumors, create new organs from stem cells and perhaps even reset the primeval genetic coding that causes cells to age. According to the lexical features of EST, which is originally common word but used as technical word here and pay attention to its meaning.
    A、genetic engineering, blood vessels, organ
    B、stem cells, genetic coding
    C、reset, heart, tumors
    D、age

2、Since the molecules of a gas are much too far from each other to repel or attract each other it is very easy to compass a gas, while a solid or liquid is almost incompressible, because the repulsions of the electrical charges of which its atoms are made up are far stronger than any force we can apply. 译文:由于气体分子相隔太远,不能互相排斥或吸引,所以气体很容易压缩;而固体或液体几乎是不可压缩的,因为其原子的电荷斥力比我们所能施加的任何力都要强得多。 Based on the understanding of the above paragraph, there are four choices marked by A, B, C, D, and decide on the only one incorrect answer.
    A、该句是一个复合句,其主句是it is very easy to compass a gas, while a solid or liquid is almost incompressible。
    B、Because引导的原因状语从句中包含了一个定语从句,先行词是the electrical charges。
    C、Because引导的原因状语从句中的定语从句先行词是repulsions。
    D、在科技英语中常使用长难句,主要由于其语言特点的逻辑性强以及客观真实性。

3、Natural rubber is obtained from rubber trees as a white, milky liquid known as latex. This is treated with acid an dried, before being dispatched to countries all over the world. Please choose the best Chinese translation for the above English text, and pay attention to the features of English for Science and Technology.
    A、人们从橡胶树中获得天然橡胶,这是一种叫做乳胶的白色乳状液体。人月1先将橡胶与酸混合在一起,将其烘干,然后再运往世界各地。
    B、天然橡胶是一种叫做乳胶的白色乳状液体,它取自橡胶树。在运往世界各国之前,橡胶要经过酸处理和烘干。
    C、天然橡胶是一种从橡胶树中获得的白色乳状液体,称为乳胶。在被送往世界各国之前,需用酸和干燥处理。
    D、天然橡胶是从橡胶树中获得的,是一种白色的牛奶状液体,就是人们所熟知的乳胶。它通常经过酸处理然后烘干,再运往世界其他国家。

4、These machines should be handled with great care. Safely precautions should be observed at all times. The results of the experiment should be plotted on a graph. Choose the best translation for the original text.
    A、装卸这些机器应该及其小心,应时时遵守安全措施,实验结果应描绘在图上。
    B、这些机器在被安装时应该小心,并遵循安全措施,实验的结果用图来表示。
    C、在装卸这些机器应极度小心,时刻遵守安全措施,将实验结果以图的形式显示。
    D、机器在安装时应被小心处理,总是遵守安全事项,用图表来绘制结果

5、⑴ All substances will permit the passage of some electric current, provided the potential difference in high enough. ⑵ Television is the transmission and reception of images of moving objects by radio waves. ⑶ The rusting of metals is accompanied by increase in weight and by absorption of material from air. ⑷ Its transmission over a long distance causes some loss of energy. From the above sentences, which features of EST text can you know in the following answers?
    A、Extensive use of passive voice
    B、Tendency towards nominalization
    C、Post-position of Attributives
    D、Use of the simple past and present tense

Session 2 Translation Skills of Terminologies随堂测验

1、Positive and negative pressure relief valves protect the fuselage against excessive pressure differential.
    A、正压安全活门和负压安全活门保护机体,防止压差过大。
    B、正压释放活门和负压释放活门保护机体, 防止压差过大。
    C、正负压安全阀保护机身,防止压差过大。
    D、正负压减压阀保护机身免受过大的压差。

2、The loads a structure is subjected to are divided into dead loads, which include the weights of all the parts of the structure,and live loads, which are due to the weights of people, movable equipment, etc.
    A、船舶所受到的载荷可分为不变载荷与变动载荷两种。前者包括该结构所有部分的重量;后者由人员和可移动设备的重量等决定。
    B、船舶所受到的载荷可分为静载荷与动载荷两种。前者包括该结构所有部分的重量;后者由人员和可移动设备的重量等决定。
    C、船舶所承受的荷载分为静荷载和活荷载,静荷载包括结构各部分的重量,活荷载包括人的重量、可移动设备等的重量。
    D、船舶结构被分为死载荷,其中包括所有的部分的权重结构,和活荷载,这是由于人的重量,可移动的设备等。

3、Tire pressure influences many important characteristics of the vehicle performance,such as: driving comfort, directional stability, cornering and braking grip, plus the general handling behavior.
    A、轮胎气压影响车辆性能的众多方面,比如: 驾驶舒适性、方向稳定性、转向和刹车抓地力, 加上总体操控表现。
    B、轮胎压力影响车辆性能的许多重要的特征,如: 驾驶舒适、定向稳定、转弯和刹车控制,再加上一般的处理行为。
    C、轮胎气压影响车辆性能的许多方面,如:行驶舒适性、方向稳定性、转弯和制动抓地力,以及一般的操纵性能。
    D、轮胎压力影响车辆性能的许多重要的特征,如: 驾驶舒适性、定向稳定性、转弯和刹车控制力,再加上总体操控表现。

4、Although in many ecosystems fires were natural events, the use of fire by humans to capture game and to clear land for gardens could destroy climax communities and return them to earlier successional stages more frequently than normal.
    A、尽管许多生态系统的破坏是由自然火灾引起的,但人类用火捕猎、开荒则会毁灭顶级生物群落,使他们比在正常情况下更频繁地退回到 更低级的进化阶段。
    B、虽然在许多生态系统中,火灾是自然事件,但人类利用火来捕捉猎物和为花园开垦土地可能破坏高潮群落,并使它们比正常情况更频繁地返回到更早的连续阶段。
    C、虽然在许多生态系统中,火灾是自然事件,但人类利用火灾捕捉猎物和清理土地用于花园可能会破坏顶极群落,使其比正常情况更频繁地恢复到更早的演替阶段。
    D、尽管许多生态系统的破坏是由自然火灾引起的,但人类用火捕猎、开荒则会毁灭顶级社区,使其比正常情况更频繁地退回到 更低级的进化阶段。

5、Excessive fuel imbalance adversely affects CG, aerodynamic drag,and therefore, fuel economy.
    A、过大的燃油不平衡对重心、空气阻力会有不利影响,所以也会浪费燃油。
    B、过多的燃油不平衡对重心、气动阻力造成不利影响, 因此, 燃油经济。
    C、过量的燃料不平衡对CG、空气阻力以及燃料经济性产生不利影响。
    D、过大的燃油不平衡对重心、空气阻力会有不利影响,从而影响燃油经济性。

Session 3 Translation Skills of Nominal Phrases随堂测验

1、Memory mapping was incorporated which allowed dividing of memory into pages and segments.
    A、存储器地址变换允许存储器被分成许多页面和片段。
    B、内存映射被合并,允许将存储器划分为页面和存储段。
    C、存储器地址变换技术得以采用,可以把存储器分成许多页面和存储段。
    D、存储地址变换技术的合并可以划分存储器的页面和存储段。

2、Seismic measurements of travel time and amplitude define the subsurface geometry and give estimates of the acoustic impedances related to rock velocities and densities.
    A、旅行时间和振幅的地震测量,确定地下的几何状态,估算与岩石的速度和密度有关的声阻抗。
    B、根据对地震波的旅行时和振幅所进行的测定,就可以弄清地下地层的几何形态并得到与岩石速度及密度有关的一个重要参数一一声阻抗。
    C、根据地震波走时和振幅的测量可以确定地层的几何形态并估算与运动速度和岩石密度有关的声阻抗。
    D、测得(测出)地震波的走时和振幅,就能确定地层的几何形态,并能估算出与运动速度和岩石密度有关的声阻抗。

3、These are not removed as metals from the crude and normally they are only a nuisance if they affected further processing of the oil or if they are a deterrent to the saleability of the fuel product. For example, the metals cause severe deterioration in catalyst life of most catalytic processes.
    A、这些金属不会作为金属从原油中去除,通常只有当它们影响到原油的进一步加工或对燃料产品的可销售性产生阻碍时,它们才会令人讨厌。例如,在大多数催化过程中,金属会导致催化剂寿命的严重恶化。
    B、这些不是作为原油中的金属去除的,并且如果它们影响油的进一步加工或者它们是对燃料产品的可销售性的威慑,它们通常只是麻烦。 例如,金属导致大多数催化过程的催化剂寿命严重恶化。
    C、这些金属不能作为金属从原油中除去,通常它们只是影响石油的精加工或对燃料产品的销售起阻碍作用的有害物质。例如,金属导致大多数催化过程的催化剂寿命严重恶化。
    D、这些杂质没有当作金属从原油中清除。一般情况下,这类杂质如果影响了石油精加工或阻碍了燃料产品销售,也不过是无用物品而己。例如,金属会严重缩短大多数催化过程中催化剂的寿命。

4、A fraction with an upper cut point of 100°F produces a yield of 20% volume of the whole crude as that fraction.
    A、具有100华氏度的馏分产生占该馏分的全部原油的20%体积的产率。
    B、分馏点上限为100华氏度的馏分可产出整个原油量的20%。
    C、20%的原油量可由馏分产出,这个馏分的上限为100华氏度。
    D、一部分分馏点上限为100华氏度的馏分产生整个原油生产收益率为20%的体积分数。

5、As described earlier the composition of crude oil and its fractions are not expressed in terms of pure components, but as ‘cuts’ expressed between a range of boiling points. These ‘cuts’ are further defined by splitting them into smaller sections and treating those sections as though they were pure components.
    A、通过将这些馏分分割成更小的物质,然后再将这些物质用处理纯净物的方式来处理,可进一步对馏分进行定义。
    B、这些分割的进一步定义是将它们分割成更小的部分,并将这些部分视为纯净物。
    C、这些“分割”通过将它们分成更小的部分并把这些部分当作纯组分来进一步定义。
    D、通过将它们分成更小的物质并将这些部分视为纯净物来进一步定义“馏分”。

Session 4 Translation Skills of Passive Voice随堂测验

1、The field coils are connected in series or parallel with the armature winding.
    A、励磁线圈与电枢绕组串联或并联连接。
    B、励磁线圈与电枢绕组被串联或并联连接。
    C、励磁线圈被与电枢绕组被串联或并联连接。
    D、通过串联或并联,励磁线圈被连接。

2、Stainless steel is virtually prohibited (by the ASME Boiler Code) for use in wetted parts of modern boilers, but is used often in superheater sections that will not be exposed to liquid boiler water.
    A、实际上,现代锅炉接触液体的部件禁止使用不锈钢材质(根据美国机械工程师学会的锅炉标准),但是对于不暴露于液体锅炉水的过热器段,则往往使用不锈钢材料。
    B、现代锅炉实际上接触液体的部件禁止使用不锈钢材质(根据美国机械工程师学会的锅炉标准),但是对于不暴露于液体锅炉水的过热器段,则往往使用不锈钢材料。
    C、不锈钢材质被禁止使用于现代锅炉实际上接触液体的部件(根据美国机械工程师学会的锅炉标准),但是对于不暴露于液体锅炉水的过热器段,则往往使用不锈钢材料。
    D、不锈钢材质被禁止使用于现代锅炉实际上接触液体的部件(根据美国机械工程师学会的锅炉标准),但是那些不被暴露于在体锅炉水的过热器段通常使用不锈钢材料。

3、The magnetic field of the dynamo or alternator can be provided by either electromagnets or permanent magnets mounted on either the rotor or the stator.
    A、通过安装在转子或定子上的电磁铁或永磁铁,可以形成直流发电机或交流发电机所需的磁场。
    B、通过被安装在转子或定子上的电磁铁或永磁铁,可以形成直流发电机或交流发电机所需的磁场。
    C、通过被安装在转子或定子上的电磁铁或永磁铁,我们可以形成直流发电机或交流发电机所需的磁场。
    D、通过被安装在转子或定子上的电磁铁或永磁铁,可以提供直流发电机或交流发电机所需的磁场。

4、Smaller generators are sometimes self-excited, which means the field coils are powered by the current produced by the generator itself.
    A、较小的发电机有时是自励磁型的,即励磁线图由发电机本身发出来的电流供电。
    B、较小的发电机有时是自励磁型的,即励磁线图被发电机本身发出来的电流供电。
    C、较小的发电机有时是自励磁型的,即励磁线图通过发电机本身发出来的电流供电。
    D、较小的发电机有时是自励磁型的,即励磁线图为发电机本身发出来的电流所供电。

5、The pressure vessel in a boiler is usually made of steel (or alloy steel).
    A、锅炉的压力容器通常是用钢材(或合金钢)加工而成。
    B、锅炉的压力容器通常是由钢材(或合金钢)加工而成。
    C、锅炉的压力容器通常是被钢材(或合金钢)加工而成。
    D、钢材(或合金钢)加工制成锅炉的压力容器。

Session 5 Translation Skills of Adjective Clauses随堂测验

1、Rocket research has confirmed a strange fact which had already been suspected there is a “high temperature belt” in the atmosphere, with its center roughly thirty miles above the ground.
    A、用火箭进行研究已证实了人们早就有过怀疑的大气层的一个中心在距地面约三十英里高空的“高温带”的这种奇怪的事实。
    B、人们早就怀疑,大气层中有一个“高温带”,其中心在离地面约三十英里的高空。利用火箭进行研究后,这一奇异的事实已得到证实。
    C、火箭研究证实了一个奇怪的事实,即大气中有一个“高温带”,其中心在距地面约三十英里的高空,但这受到人们的怀疑。
    D、火箭研究证明了一个人们一直怀疑的事实,大气层中有一个“高温带”,其中心在离地面约三十英里的高空。

2、There are a number of factors that can affect the magnitude of resistance.
    A、有好几种可以影响电阻大小的因素。
    B、有好几种因素,它们可以影响电阻的大小。
    C、有许多因素可以影响电阻的大小。
    D、电阻的大小受很多因素影响。

3、Aluminum, which possesses high conductivity of heat and electricity, finds wide application in industry.
    A、由于铝具有高度的导热性和导电性,所以在工业上得到广泛的应用。
    B、铝具有高热导性和导电性,而且在工业上有广泛的应用。
    C、铝的高导热性和导电性在工业上得到了广泛的使用。
    D、铝在工业上的应用得益于它的高导热性和导电性。

4、The feed water should be pure, and free from dissolved salts which will cause deposits on the tubes and lead to overheating.
    A、供应水应当是纯净水,并且不含会在水管内沉积并导致过热现象的溶解盐。
    B、供应水应当是纯净水,并且不含溶解盐,因为溶解盐会在水管内沉积并导致过热现象。
    C、供应水应该是纯净的,并且没有溶解的盐,这将导致管上的沉积物并导致过热。
    D、供应水应当是纯净水,并且不含溶解盐,因为溶解盐会在水管内沉积,从而导致过热现象。

5、Lab-technicians perform tests on the samples that may indicate the nature of the complaint that the doctor can perceive just by scrutinizing the results of the tests.
    A、化验员对这些标本所做的化验,可以表明病痛的性质,因此,医生只要看一下化验结果就可以明白了。
    B、化验员对样本进行测试,这些测试可以通过仔细检查测试结果来指示医生可以感知到的病痛的性质。
    C、化验员对样本进行化验,这些化验可以表明医生仅通过化验结果就能察觉到病痛的性质。
    D、医生能通过对化验员样本的测试结果的检查来感知病痛的性质。

Session 6 Translation Skills of Adverbial Clauses随堂测验

1、It is very interesting to note the differently chosen operating mechanism by the different manufacturers, in spite of fact that the operating mechanism has a major influence on the reliability of the circuit-breakers.
    A、尽管操作装置对断路器的可靠性具有主要的影响,但注意不同的制造厂按不同形式选择操作装置是非常有趣的。
    B、尽管操作机构对断路器的可靠性具有重大影响,但是不同制造商注意到不同选择的操作机制是非常有趣的。
    C、虽然操作机构对断路器的可靠性有很大的影响,但是不同厂家选择的操作机构是不同的,这是非常有趣的。
    D、它是非常有趣的注意到不同的制造商选择不同的操作机制, 尽管事实上, 运行机制有一个重大影响的可靠性断路器。

2、For most technologies, patents are not filed in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), because the small potential markets do not justify the cost of obtaining patents there.
    A、对于大多数技术来说,最不发达国家(最不发达国家)没有申请专利,因为那里的潜在市场很小,无法证明在那里取得专利的费用是合理的。
    B、对于大多数技术而言,专利并未在最不发达国家(LDC)提交,因为小型潜在市场无法证明在那里获得专利的成本。
    C、对于大部分技术来说,是无需在最不发达国家申请专利的,因为那里的潜在市场小到还不够支付申请权利的费用。
    D、对大多数技术来说,专利不是在最不发达国家申请的,因为潜在的小市场不足以证明在那里获得专利的成本是合理的。

3、Once the fixation appears, the animal is incapable of learning an adaptive response in this situation.
    A、一旦出现了这种固态,动物也就没有能力学会适应性的反应。
    B、一旦注视出现,动物就无法学习在这种情况下的适应性反应。
    C、一旦固定出现,动物就无法在这种情况下学习适应性反应。
    D、一旦固定出现,在这种情况下动物就无法学习适应性反应。

4、Even if the calculation is right, scientist can never be sure that they have included all variables and modeled them accurately.
    A、即使计算正确,科学家们可能也无法肯定他们已经把所有的变量都包括进来并进行了精确的模拟。
    B、即使计算是正确的,科学家也永远无法确定他们是否包含了所有变量并准确地对其进行了建模。
    C、即使计算正确,科学家们可能也无法肯定他们已经把所有的变量都包括进来并进行了精确的模拟。
    D、即使计算正确,科学家们也可能无法肯定他们已经把所有的变量都包括进来对其进行了精确的模拟。

5、Now, a team of astronomers has discovered evidence that the object, whatever it may be, is spewing vast quantities of energetic particles that collide with a surrounding irregular ring of cold hydrogen gas.
    A、现在,一支天文学家团队已经发现了这样一个证据,即无论物体是什么,它都会喷出大量高能粒子,这些高能粒子会与周围不规则的冷氢气环相撞。
    B、现在,一组天文学家发现了证据,证明这个物体,不管它是什么,都在喷出大量的高能粒子,这些粒子与周围不规则的冷氢气环碰撞。
    C、现在,一个天文学家小组发现了证据,证明这个物体,不管它是什么,正在喷出大量的高能粒子,与周围不规则的冷氢气环碰撞。
    D、现在,一组天文学家已经发现了证据,即这个天体(不管它是什么,)在不断地喷出大量高能粒子,同周围的形状不规则的冷氢气环相碰撞。

Session 7 Computer-assisted Translation in Science and Technology随堂测验

1、What does CAT stand for?
    A、Computerized Assistance for Translation
    B、Computer-Assisted Transaction
    C、Computer-Aided Translation
    D、Computer Automatic Translation

2、Which of the following elements does the Navigation pane on the Welcome screen of SDL Trados Studio not contain?
    A、Navigation buttons
    B、A link to the OpenExchange App Store.
    C、Links to external applications such as Passolo, WinAlign, etc.
    D、Links to OpenExchange apps.

3、Which of the following icons is not shown on the SDL Trados Studio Welcome screen?
    A、New Project
    B、Open Package
    C、Language Cloud
    D、Create Termbase

4、如果你要修改SDL Trados 2015用户界面语言,可以通过…途径进行调整。
    A、欢迎界面->主页->用户界面语言
    B、视图->用户界面语言
    C、文件->选项->语言对
    D、文件->选项->用户界面语言

5、During initial startup of SDL Trados Studio you can…
    A、select your preferred user profile and user interface language.
    B、select your preferred user interface language.
    C、select a user profile and choose to load a sample project.
    D、select vour preferred user profile and color scheme

Session 8 SDL Trados Studio随堂测验

1、What is the file extension used for translation memories in SDL Trados Studio?
    A、*.tmx
    B、*.tm
    C、*.tmw
    D、*.sdltm

2、The Active Terminology Recognition function...
    A、automatically searches the selected termbase(s) and AutoSuggest Dictionaries for terminology relevant to a particular segment.
    B、searches the selected translation memory for terminology relevant to a particular segment.
    C、automatically searches the current source segment for known terminology stored in a termbase.
    D、allows you to add terms from the Editor into a particular termbase.

3、What kind of information does the third (middle) column of the side-by-side editor in SDL Trados Studio show?
    A、The document structure information.
    B、The segment id.
    C、The source segment.
    D、The segment status.

4、What is the name of the window that shows known terminology found in a source segment?
    A、Term Recognition
    B、Termbase Search
    C、MultiTerm
    D、Concordance

5、How do you generate a translation in its native format from an SDL XLIFF file?
    A、Through File -> Print Preview
    B、Through File -> Save
    C、Through File -> Save Target As
    D、Through File -> Save Source As

6、What is the status of a segment after you have copied the source segment into the target?
    A、Translated
    B、100%
    C、Not Translated
    D、Draft